35 Facts About Epsom


Epsom is the principal town of the Borough of Epsom and Ewell in Surrey, England, about 13.

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The popularity of Epsom grew as The Oaks and The Derby were established in 1779 and 1780 respectively.

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Today Epsom station is an important railway junction, where lines to London Victoria and London Waterloo diverge.

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Name "Epsom" is thought to derive from that of a Saxon landowner, either as Ebba's ham or Ebbi's ham .

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Anglo-Saxon settlement at Epsom was most likely established in the late 6th or early 7th century.

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Epsom was held by Chertsey Abbey from Anglo-Saxon times until the first half of the 16th century.

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In Domesday Book, Epsom appears as Evesham and is listed as including two mills, two churches, 24 acres of meadow and sufficient woodland for 20 hogs.

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The manor was part of the Honour of Hampton Court from 1597 until 1554, when it was granted to Francis Carew by Mary I After 1611, Epsom was briefly held by the Darcy family and was then sold to Anne Mynne, the widow of George Mynne, who had bought the manor of Horton.

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For much of the 18th century, Epsom was held by the Parkhurst family and thereafter the lordship passed through a succession of owners before it was purchased by the borough council in 1955.

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The Epsom Vestry appears to have operated as a select vestry, to which members of the gentry were appointed or co-opted.

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The Epsom Union was made responsible for workhouses in around a dozen parishes in the area, all of which were consolidated into a workhouse on the Dorking Road, now the site of Epsom Hospital.

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The first authentic account of the spa dates from 1629, when Abram Booth, of the Dutch East India Company, visited Epsom and described how "[p]eople coming there took a few glasses of the mentioned water – which has a taste different from ordinary water – after which walking up and down, these had in our opinion very good effect".

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Popularity of Epsom continued to increase in the final decades of the 17th century and a regular coach service from London was established in 1684.

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The earliest formal races were run on an uphill course from Carshalton to Epsom and were primarily a test of stamina rather than speed.

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The section of the Roman road to the south of Epsom is thought to have been blocked by the enclosure of Woodcote Park in the mid-12th century.

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Epsom is unusual among Surrey towns, in that it underwent considerable expansion during the early modern period.

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The right to hold a market at Epsom was granted to Elizabeth Evelyn by Charles II and the charter was renewed by James II in 1685.

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In mid-1940, the Outer London Defence Line A was constructed through Epsom, running along Christchurch Road, the High Street and Alexandra Road.

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Epsom is divided between five wards, each of which elects three councillors to Epsom and Ewell Borough Council.

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Public gas supply to Epsom began in 1839, when the Epsom and Ewell Gas Company purchased land on East Street for the town gasworks.

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The Epsom force had been part of the Metropolitan Police since 1829, but was transferred to Surrey Police in April 2000.

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Epsom is thought to have acquired a "manual" fire engine in around the 1760s.

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In 2021, the fire authority for Epsom is Surrey County Council and the statutory fire service is Surrey Fire and Rescue Service.

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Epsom Hospital was built by the Poor Law Guardians adjacent to the workhouse on Dorking Road in 1890.

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Epsom Cluster was a group of five psychiatric hospitals, built to the west of Epsom on land purchased by London County Council in 1896.

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Epsom is linked by a number of bus routes to surrounding towns and villages in north Surrey and south London.

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Epsom railway station is a short distance to the north of the town centre and is managed by Southern.

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Epsom College was founded in 1851 as the Medical Benevolent College by the physician, John Propert.

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Domesday Book entry for Epsom includes two churches, one of which is thought to be have been on the site of the present St Martin's Church.

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In July 1874, Epsom parish was divided into two, with the western half becoming the new parish of Epsom Common.

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Epsom's works include several depictions of the town, including View at Epsom, held by The Tate.

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Epsom Playhouse opened in 1984 as part of The Ashley Centre development.

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Epsom and Ewell Harriers is a club for track and field athletes, based at the Poole Road Track in Ewell.

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Together with the adjacent Ashtead Common, Epsom Common comprises a Site of Special Scientific Interest and is a Local Nature Reserve.

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Since 2013, Epsom Downs has been a Site of Nature Conservation Importance.

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