11 Facts About Mary I

1. Mary I was styled "The Lady Mary I" rather than Princess, and her place in the line of succession was transferred to her newborn half-sister, Elizabeth, Anne's daughter.

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2. Mary I descended from Lancaster and his third wife, Katherine Swynford.

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3. Mary I retained the Edwardian appointee William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester, as Lord High Treasurer and assigned him to oversee the revenue collection system.

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4. Mary I was in favour of declaring war, but her councillors opposed it because French trade would be jeopardised, it contravened the marriage treaty, and a bad economic legacy from Edward VI's reign and a series of poor harvests meant England lacked supplies and finances.

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5. Mary I had always rejected the break with Rome instituted by her father and the establishment of Protestantism by her brother's regents.

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6. At age 37, Mary I turned her attention to finding a husband and producing an heir, which would prevent the Protestant Elizabeth from succeeding to the throne.

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7. Mary I understood that the young Lady Jane was essentially a pawn in Dudley's scheme, and Dudley was the only conspirator of rank executed for high treason in the immediate aftermath of the coup.

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8. Mary I repeatedly refused Edward's demands that she abandon Catholicism, and Edward persistently refused to drop his demands.

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9. Mary I was courted by Duke Philip of Bavaria from late 1539, but he was Lutheran and his suit for her hand was unsuccessful.

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10. Mary I was baptised into the Catholic faith at the Church of the Observant Friars in Greenwich three days after her birth.

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11. Mary I assembled a force in East Anglia and deposed Jane, who was ultimately beheaded.

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