19 Facts About GDPR


General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a regulation in EU law on data protection and privacy in the European Union and the European Economic Area (EEA).

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The GDPR is an important component of EU privacy law and of human rights law, in particular Article of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.

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GDPR was adopted on 14 April 2016 and became enforceable beginning 25 May 2018.

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GDPR 2016 has eleven chapters, concerning general provisions, principles, rights of the data subject, duties of data controllers or processors, transfers of personal data to third countries, supervisory authorities, cooperation among member states, remedies, liability or penalties for breach of rights, and miscellaneous final provisions.

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Right to be forgotten was replaced by a more limited right of erasure in the version of the GDPR that was adopted by the European Parliament in March 2014.

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Article 21 of the GDPR allows an individual to object to processing personal information for marketing or non-service related purposes.

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GDPR is clear that the data controller must inform individuals of their right to object from the first communication the controller has with them.

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The GDPR requires for the additional information to be kept separately from the pseudonymised data.

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Under Article 27, non-EU establishments subject to GDPR are obliged to have a designee within the European Union, an "EU Representative", to serve as a point of contact for their obligations under the regulation.

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Chapter V of the GDPR forbids the transfer of the personal data of EU data subjects to countries outside of the EEA — known as third countries — unless appropriate safeguards are imposed, or the third country's data protection regulations are formally considered adequate by the European Commission.

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The United Kingdom granted royal assent to the Data Protection Act 2018 on 23 May 2018, which augmented the GDPR, including aspects of the regulation that are to be determined by national law, and criminal offences for knowingly or recklessly obtaining, redistributing, or retaining personal data without the consent of the data controller.

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Under the European Union Act 2018, existing and relevant EU law was transposed into local law upon completion of the transition, and the GDPR was amended by statutory instrument to remove certain provisions no longer needed due to the UK's non-membership in the EU.

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The area of GDPR consent has a number of implications for businesses who record calls as a matter of practice.

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GDPR has garnered support from businesses who regard it as an opportunity to improve their data management.

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Free software advocate Richard Stallman has praised some aspects of the GDPR but called for additional safeguards to prevent technology companies from "manufacturing consent".

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Academic experts who participated in the formulation of the GDPR wrote that the law "is the most consequential regulatory development in information policy in a generation.

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The GDPR brings personal data into a complex and protective regulatory regime.

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Deluge of GDPR-related notices inspired memes, including those surrounding privacy policy notices being delivered by atypical means, suggesting that Santa Claus's "naughty or nice" list was a violation, and a recording of excerpts from the regulation by a former BBC Radio 4 Shipping Forecast announcer.

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An investigation of Android apps' privacy policies, data access capabilities, and data access behaviour has shown that numerous apps display a somewhat privacy-friendlier behaviour since the GDPR was implemented, although they still retain most of their data access privileges in their code.

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