17 Facts About Great Basin


Great Basin is the largest area of contiguous endorheic watersheds, those with no outlets, in North America.

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Term "Great Basin" is applied to hydrographic, biological, floristic, physiographic, topographic, and ethnographic geographic areas.

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Great Basin Desert is defined by plant and animal communities, and, according to the National Park Service, its boundaries approximate the hydrographic Great Basin but exclude the southern "panhandle".

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Great Basin physiographic section is a geographic division of the Basin and Range Province defined by Nevin Fenneman in 1931.

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Great Basin Culture Area or indigenous peoples of the Great Basin is a cultural classification of indigenous peoples of the Americas and a cultural region located between the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada.

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Hydrographic Great Basin is a 209, 162-square-mile area that once drained internally.

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The Great Basin includes most of Nevada, half of Utah, substantial portions of Oregon and California, and small areas of Idaho, Wyoming, and Baja California, Mexico.

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The term "Great Basin" is slightly misleading; the region comprises many small basins.

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Hydrographic Great Basin contains multiple deserts and ecoregions, each with its own distinctive set of flora and fauna.

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Climate and flora of the Great Basin are strongly dependent on elevation; as the elevation increases, the temperature decreases and precipitation increases.

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Great Basin wildlife includes pronghorn, mule deer, mountain lion, and lagomorphs such as black-tailed jackrabbit and desert cottontail and the coyotes that prey on them.

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Great Basin includes valleys, basins, lakes and mountain ranges of the Basin and Range Province.

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Geographic features near the Great Basin include the Continental Divide of the Americas, the Great Divide Basin, and the Gulf of California.

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Interstate Highways traversing the Great Basin are Interstate 80 and I-15, and I-70 and I-84 have their respective endpoints within its boundaries.

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The Great Basin is traversed by several rail lines including the Union Pacific Railroad's Overland Route through Reno and Ogden, Feather River Route, Central Corridor and Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad.

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The Great Basin was inhabited for at least several thousand years by Uto-Aztecan language group-speaking Native American Great Basin tribes, including the Shoshone, Ute, Mono, and Northern Paiute.

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European exploration of the Great Basin occurred during the 18th century Spanish colonization of the Americas.

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