22 Facts About Hanseatic League


Hanseatic League was a medieval commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Central and Northern Europe.

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Hanseatic League originated from various loose associations of German traders and towns formed to advance mutual commercial interests, such as protection against piracy and banditry.

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Hanseatic League merchants were widely renowned for their access to a variety of commodities and manufactured goods, subsequently gaining privileges and protections abroad, including extraterritorial districts in foreign realms that operated almost exclusively under Hanseatic League law.

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The Hanseatic League gradually unraveled as members departed or became consolidated into other realms, ultimately disintegrating in 1669.

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Scandinavians led international trade in the Baltic area before the Hanseatic League, establishing major trading hubs at Birka, Haithabu, and Schleswig by the 9th century CE.

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The Hanseatic League cities came to the aid of one another, and commercial ships often had to be used to carry soldiers and their arms.

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Hanseatic League succeeded in establishing additional Kontors in Bruges, Bergen, and London .

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The century-long monopolization of sea navigation and trade by the Hanseatic League ensured that the Renaissance arrived in northern Germany long before it did in the rest of Europe.

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Hanseatic League primarily traded timber, furs, resin, flax, honey, wheat, and rye from the east to Flanders and England with cloth going in the other direction.

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Hanseatic League had a fluid structure, but its members shared some characteristics; most of the Hansa cities either started as independent cities or gained independence through the collective bargaining power of the league, though such independence remained limited.

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At the height of their power in the late-14th century, the merchants of the Hanseatic League succeeded in using their economic power and, sometimes, their military might—trade routes required protection and the league's ships sailed well-armed—to influence imperial policy.

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In 1567, a Hanseatic League agreement reconfirmed previous obligations and rights of league members, such as common protection and defense against enemies.

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At the start of the 16th century, the Hanseatic League found itself in a weaker position than it had known for many years.

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The Hanseatic League fully restored its power in Gustav Vasa's Sweden and Frederick I's Denmark, 1523 after the war.

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However the Hanseatic League ended up on the wrong side 1536, after Christian III's victory in the Count's Feud in Scania and Denmark, with Sweden as his ally, money was gone, the Hanseatic League's influence in the Nordic countries was over.

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Hanseatic League attempted to deal with some of these issues: it created the post of Syndic in 1556 and elected Heinrich Sudermann as a permanent official with legal training, who worked to protect and extend the diplomatic agreements of the member towns.

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Nonetheless, the Hanseatic Republics were able to jointly perform some diplomacy, such as a joint delegation to the United States in 1827, led by Vincent Rumpff; later the U S established a consulate to the Hanseatic and Free Cities from 1857 to 1862.

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The Hanseatic League was by no means a monolithic organization or a 'state within a state' but rather a complex and loose-jointed confederation of protagonists pursuing their own interests, which coincided in a shared program of economic domination in the Baltic region.

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Decisions and actions of the Hanseatic League were the consequence of a consensus-based procedure.

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In 1356, during a Hanseatic meeting in preparation of the first Tagfahrt, the league confirmed this statute.

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Hanseatic League held the speech in Bad Schwartau, a small village on the outskirts of Lubeck.

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New Hanseatic League was established in February 2018 by finance ministers from Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands and Sweden through the signing of a foundational document which set out the countries' "shared views and values in the discussion on the architecture of the EMU".

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