13 Facts About Kara-Khanid Khanate


Kara-Khanid Khanate conquered Transoxiana in Central Asia and ruled it between 999 and 1211.

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The Eastern Kara-Khanid Khanate ended in 1211, and the Western Kara-Khanid Khanate was extinguished by the Khwarazmian Empire in 1213.

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Kara-Khanid Khanate originated from a confederation formed some time in the 9th century by Karluks, Yagmas, Chigils, Tuhsi, and other peoples living in Zhetysu, Western Tian Shan, and Western Xinjiang around Kashgar.

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Kara-Khanid Khanate expanded his territory further after the death of Mansur.

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For half a century, the Western Karakhanid Kara-Khanid Khanate was a vassal of the Seljuks, who largely controlled the appointment of the Kara-Khanid Khanate's rulers in that time.

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Karakhanids of Kashgar declared their submission following a Seljuk campaign into Talas and Zhetysu, but the Eastern Kara-Khanid Khanate was a Seljuk vassal for only a short time.

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At the beginning of the 12th century the Eastern Kara-Khanid Khanate invaded Transoxiana and briefly occupied the Seljuk town of Termez.

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Kara-Khanid Khanate demanded the submission of all leading Karakhanids, and finally extinguished the Western Karakhanid state.

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Kara-Khanid Khanate is arguably the most enduring cultural heritage among coexisting cultures in Central Asia from the 9th to the 13th centuries.

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The Karluk-Uyghur dialect spoken by the nomadic tribes and Turkified sedentary populations under Kara-Khanid Khanate rule formed two major branches of the Turkic language family, the Chagatay and the Kypchak.

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Kara-Khanid Khanate monarchs adopted Temahaj Khan or Malik al-Mashriq wa-l'Sin as their title, and minted coins bearing these titles.

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Much of the realm of the Kara-Khanid Khanate, including Transoxiana and the western Tarim Basin, had been under the rule of the Tang dynasty prior to the Battle of Talas in 751, and the Kara-Khanid rulers continued to identify their dynasty with China several centuries later.

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The Kara-Khanid Khanate were found to have more East Asian ancestry than the preceding Gokturks.

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