27 Facts About Lothal


Lothal was one of the southernmost sites of the ancient Indus Valley civilisation, located in the Bhal region of the modern state of Gujarat.

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Excavation work in Lothal commenced on 13 February 1955 and continued till 19 May 1960.

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However, this interpretation has been challenged by other archaeologists, who argue Khufu's Red Sea harbour at Wadi al-Jarf is older, dating its construction to between 2580 to 2550 BC and that Lothal was a comparatively small town, and that the "dock" was primarily an irrigation tank.

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Lothal was a vital and thriving trade centre in ancient times, with its trade of beads, gems and valuable ornaments reaching the far corners of West Asia and Africa.

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Lothal is situated near the village of Saragwala in the Dholka Taluka of Ahmedabad district.

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Lothal site was nominated, in April 2014, as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and its application is pending on the tentative list of UNESCO.

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Lothal stands 670 kilometers from Mohenjo-daro, which is in Sindh.

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People in villages neighbouring to Lothal had known of the presence of an ancient town and human remains.

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Speculation suggests that owing to the comparatively small dimensions of the main city, Lothal was not a large settlement at all, and its "dock" was perhaps an irrigation tank.

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Lothal provides with the largest collection of antiquities in the archaeology of modern India.

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Lothal is based upon a mound that was a salt marsh inundated by tide.

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Lothal planners engaged themselves to protect the area from consistent floods.

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Lothal was a major trade centre, importing en masse raw materials like copper, chert and semi-precious stones from Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, and mass distributing to inner villages and towns.

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One of the evidence of trade in Lothal is the discovery of typical Persian gulf seals, a circular button seal.

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People of Lothal made significant and often unique contributions to human civilisation in the Indus era, in the fields of city planning, art, architecture, science, engineering, pottery, and religion.

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Lothal contributes one of three measurement scales that are integrated and linear.

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An ivory scale from Lothal has the smallest-known decimal divisions in Indus civilisation.

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The Lothal craftsmen took care to ensure durability and accuracy of stone weights by blunting edges before polishing.

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Lothal brick-makers used a logical approach in manufacture of bricks, designed with care in regards to thickness of structures.

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People of Lothal worshipped a fire god who is speculated to be the horned deity depicted on seals.

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Lothal copper is unusually pure, lacking the arsenic typically used by coppersmiths across the rest of the Indus valley.

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Lothal was one of the most important centres of production for shell-working, owing to the abundance of chank shell of high quality found in the Gulf of Kutch and near the Kathiawar coast.

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Lothal produced a large quantity of gold ornaments—the most attractive item being microbeads of gold in five strands in necklaces, unique for being less than 0.

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The Lothal excavation yielded 213 seals, third in volume amongst all Indus sites.

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Lothal offers two new types of pottery, a convex bowl with or without stud handle and a small jar with flaring rim, both of which were found in the micaceous Red Ware period and not in contemporary Indus cultures.

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On plan, Lothal stands 285 metres north-to-south and 228 metres east-to-west.

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However, with rising prosperity, Lothal's people failed to upkeep their walls and dock facilities, possibly as a result of over-confidence in their systems.

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