10 Facts About Mississippian culture


Mississippian culture was a Native American civilization that flourished in what is the Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States from approximately 800 CE to 1600 CE, varying regionally.

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The Mississippi period is the chronological stage, while Mississippian culture refers to the cultural similarities that characterize this society.

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In 1967 James B Griffin coined South Appalachian Mississippian to describe the evolving understanding of the peoples of the Southeast.

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Caddoan Mississippian area, a regional variant of the Mississippian culture, covered a large territory, including what is eastern Oklahoma, western Arkansas, northeastern Texas, and northwestern Louisiana.

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Plaquemine Mississippian culture was an archaeological Mississippian culture in the lower Mississippi River Valley in western Mississippi and eastern Louisiana.

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Good examples of this Mississippian culture are the Medora site in West Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, and the Anna, Emerald Mound, Winterville and Holly Bluff sites located in Mississippi.

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Mississippian culture peoples were almost certainly ancestral to the majority of the American Indian nations living in this region in the historic era.

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The historic and modern day American Indian nations believed to have descended from the overarching Mississippian culture include: the Alabama, Apalachee, Caddo, Chickasaw, Catawba, Choctaw, Muscogee Creek, Guale, Hitchiti, Ho-Chunk, Houma, Kansa, Missouria, Mobilian, Natchez, Osage, Quapaw, Seminole, Tunica-Biloxi, Yamasee, and Yuchi.

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Mississippian culture visited many villages, in some cases staying for a month or longer.

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At Joara, near Morganton, North Carolina, Native Americans of the Mississippian culture interacted with Spanish colonizers of the Juan Pardo expedition, who built a base there in 1567 called Fort San Juan.

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