16 Facts About New Amsterdam


New Amsterdam was a 17th-century Dutch settlement established at the southern tip of Manhattan Island that served as the seat of the colonial government in New Netherland.

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In 1524, nearly a century before the arrival of the Dutch, the site that would later become New Amsterdam was named Nouvelle Angouleme by the Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano, to commemorate his patron King Francis I of France, whose family consisted of the Counts of Angouleme.

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New Amsterdam was covertly attempting to find the Northwest Passage for the Dutch East India Company.

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New Amsterdam is the first recorded non-Native American inhabitant of what would eventually become New York City.

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Territory of New Amsterdam Netherland was originally a private, profit-making commercial enterprise focused on cementing alliances and conducting trade with the local Native American ethnic groups.

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New Amsterdam was replaced as the company director of New Netherland by Peter Minuit in 1626.

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New Amsterdam settlement had a population of approximately 270 people, including infants.

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Pen-and-ink view of New Amsterdam, drawn on-the-spot and discovered in the map collection of the Austrian National Library in Vienna in 1991, provides a unique view of New Amsterdam as it appeared from Capske Rock in 1648.

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New Amsterdam was the brother of King Charles II, who had been granted the lands.

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The delegated authority of the Dutch West India Company over New Amsterdam Netherland required maintaining sovereignty on behalf of the States General, generating cash flow through commercial enterprise for its shareholders, and funding the province's growth.

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Fort New Amsterdam was located at the southernmost tip of the island of Manhattan, which today is surrounded by Bowling Green.

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Scholarly conclusion has largely been that the settlement of New Amsterdam is much more like current New York than previously thought.

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Original 17th-century architecture of New Amsterdam has completely vanished, leaving only archaeological remnants.

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The original street plan of New Amsterdam has stayed largely intact, as have some houses outside Manhattan.

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Presentation of the legacy of the unique culture of 17th-century New Amsterdam remains a concern of preservationists and educators.

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The name New Amsterdam is written on the architrave situated on top of the row of columns in front of the Manhattan Municipal Building, commemorating the name of the Dutch colony.

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