35 Facts About Papua New Guinea


Papua New Guinea has been an observer state in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations since 1976, and has filed its application for full membership status.

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Traders from Southeast Asia had visited New Guinea beginning 5,000 years ago to collect bird-of-paradise plumes.

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In 1902, Papua was effectively transferred to the authority of the new British dominion of Australia.

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In contrast to establishing an Australian mandate in former German New Guinea, the League of Nations determined that Papua was an external territory of the Australian Commonwealth; as a matter of law it remained a British possession.

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Natives of Papua New Guinea appealed to the United Nations for oversight and independence.

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Papua New Guinea was admitted to membership in the United Nations on 10 October 1975.

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Papua New Guinea was succeeded by his deputy John Tabinaman as acting president while an election to fill the unexpired term was organised.

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Papua New Guinea is part of the African, Caribbean and Pacific forum.

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Papua New Guinea is famous for its frequent seismic activity, being on the Ring of Fire.

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Papua New Guinea is a Commonwealth realm with Charles III as King of Papua New Guinea.

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Papua New Guinea is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, Pacific Community, Pacific Islands Forum, and the Melanesian Spearhead Group of countries.

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Papua New Guinea supported Indonesia's control of Western New Guinea: the focus of the Papua conflict where numerous human rights violations have reportedly been committed by the Indonesian security forces.

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Papua New Guinea has a very large exclusive economic zone because of its extensive coastline.

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Papua New Guinea is often ranked as likely the worst place in the world for violence against women.

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Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary has been troubled in recent years by infighting, political interference and corruption.

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Papua New Guinea is divided into four regions, which are not the primary administrative divisions but are quite significant in many aspects of government, commercial, sporting and other activities.

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Papua New Guinea is part of the Australasian realm, which includes Australia, New Zealand, eastern Indonesia, and several Pacific island groups, including the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.

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The mainland of the country is the eastern half of New Guinea island, where the largest towns are located, including Port Moresby and Lae; other major islands within Papua New Guinea include New Ireland, New Britain, Manus and Bougainville.

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Papua New Guinea is surrounded by coral reefs which are under close watch, in the interests of preservation.

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Geologically, the island of New Guinea is a northern extension of the Indo-Australian tectonic plate, forming part of a single land mass which is Australia-New Guinea.

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Papua New Guinea is one of the few regions close to the equator that experience snowfall, which occurs in the most elevated parts of the mainland.

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The 141° E meridian formed the entire eastern boundary of Dutch New Guinea according to its 1828 annexation proclamation.

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Many species of birds and mammals found on New Guinea have close genetic links with corresponding species found in Australia.

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New Guinea is part of the humid tropics, and many Indomalayan rainforest plants spread across the narrow straits from Asia, mixing together with the old Australian and Antarctic floras.

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New Guinea has been identified as the world's most floristically diverse island in the world, with 13,634 known species of vascular plants.

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Papua New Guinea had a Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 8.

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Papua New Guinea is rich in various species of reptiles, indigenous freshwater fish and birds, but it is almost devoid of large mammals.

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Papua New Guinea is richly endowed with natural resources, including mineral and renewable resources, such as forests, marine resources, and in some parts agriculture.

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The project is an integrated development that includes gas production and processing facilities in the Hela, Southern Highlands and Western Provinces of Papua New Guinea, including liquefaction and storage facilities with capacity of 6.

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Papua New Guinea is one of the most heterogeneous nations in the world with an estimated 8.

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Papua New Guinea has six universities as well as other tertiary institutions.

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Nine out of ten scientific publications from Papua New Guinea focused on immunology, genetics, biotechnology and microbiology.

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In 2019, Papua New Guinea took second place among Pacific Island states with 253 publications, behind Fiji with 303 publications, in the Scopus database of scientific publications.

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The programme developed a master's programme in renewable energy management, accredited in 2016, at the University of Papua New Guinea and helped to establish a Centre of Renewable Energy at the same university.

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Papua New Guinea is one of the 15 beneficiaries of a programme on Adapting to Climate Change and Sustainable Energy worth €37.

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