101 Facts About Papua New Guinea

1. Papua New Guinea is diverse with regard to ethnicity, customs, traditions, and geography.

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2. Papua New Guinea is in the southwest region of the Pacific Basin and lies immediately to the north of Australia.

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3. The United Church in Papua New Guinea was formed in 1968, the result of a merger of the churches that grew from two missions—the London Missionary Society and Australasian Methodist Church—and some associated congregrations.

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4. Papua New Guinea was administered under the Papua New Guinea Act until it was invaded by the Japanese in 1941, and civil administration suspended.

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5. Papua New Guinea has a population density of 28 people per square mile.

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6. Papua New Guinea receives about 80 inches of rain a year.

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7. Papua New Guinea is in the Pacific Ocean north of Australia.

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8. Papua New Guinea is a rural country, with only 18 percent of the population living in urban areas.

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9. Papua New Guinea includes more than 1,400 islands besides New Guinea itself.

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10. Papua New Guinea is rife with active volcanoes, over a dozen of which have erupted during the last one and a half centuries.

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11. At the regional level, Papua New Guinea is divided into nineteen provinces and the National Capital District.

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12. Papua New Guinea has a unicameral legislature called the National Parliament.

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13. Papua New Guinea remains a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, a voluntary association of more than fifty independent nations that are former colonies or territories of the British Empire.

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14. Papua New Guinea is formally governed by a constitutional monarchy: the British monarch serves as head of state, and the governor-general acts as his or her local representative.

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15. Papua New Guinea has a history of changes in government coalitions and leadership from within Parliament during the five year intervals between national elections.

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16. In 1996, Papua New Guinea had the highest per capita human immunodeficiency virus prevalence in the North and South Pacific regions.

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17. Papua New Guinea is divided into 20 provinces, each headed by a premier.

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18. Papua New Guinea had 571 airports in 2004, of which 21 were principal airports with paved runways.

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19. Papua New Guinea is the major center for a number of bird families, particularly the bird of paradise, kingfisher, and parrot.

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20. Papua New Guinea has a total land boundary length of 5,972 kilometers and a total coastline of 5,152 kilometers (3,202 miles).

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21. Papua New Guinea is a developing country in the Southwest Pacific.

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22. Papua New Guinea produces and exports valuable agricultural, timber, and fish products.

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23. Papua New Guinea has a history of changes in government coalitions and leadership from within Parliament during the 5 year intervals between national elections.

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24. Papua New Guinea had not had substantial preparation for self-rule, and this, combined with strong regional identities, created many intractable problems.

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25. Papua New Guinea is prone to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and sudden tidal movements.

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26. Papua New Guinea is by far the largest Pacific Island nation and has traditionally viewed itself as part of the Pacific.

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27. In 2004, Australia and Papua New Guinea embarked on the Enhanced Cooperation Program, under which Australia agreed to provide direct assistance, including 210 line police officers, to the Papua New Guinea constabulary.

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28. Papua New Guinea became a participating economy in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum in 1993.

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29. Papua New Guinea is a signatory to the South Pacific Tuna Treaty, under which US purse seiners fish for tuna in the exclusive economic zones (EEZs) of the Pacific Island parties.

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30. Papua New Guinea has an active tuna industry, but much of the catch is made by boats of other nations fishing in Papua New Guinea waters under license.

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31. Papua New Guinea produces and exports valuable agricultural, timber, and marine products.

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32. Papua New Guinea is richly endowed with gold, copper, oil, natural gas, and other minerals.

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33. Papua New Guinea is rich in natural resources, including minerals, timber, and fish, and produces a variety of commercial agricultural products.

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34. Papua New Guinea has a history of changes in government coalitions and leadership from within parliament during the 5-year intervals between national elections.

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35. Papua New Guinea has three levels of government—national, provincial, and local.

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36. Papua New Guinea became self-governing in December 1973 and achieved independence on September 16, 1975.

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37. Papua New Guinea has several thousand separate communities, most with only a few hundred people.

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38. Papua New Guinea is an independent Commonwealth nation that achieved independence on 16 September 1975 from the Australian-administered United Nations trusteeship.

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39. Papua New Guinea developed its own television station in the late 1980s, and radio news and entertainment shows reach most villages.

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40. Papua New Guinea is renowned for ceremonial occasions at which hundreds of pigs or other valuables are distributed to guests.

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41. Papua New Guinea has a tropical monsoon climate and is generally hot and humid, although the climate varies from one area to another.

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42. Papua New Guinea consists of eastern New Guinea along with New Britain, New Ireland, Bougainville, and six hundred small islands and archipelagoes.

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43. Papua New Guinea includes more than fourteen hundred islands besides New Guinea itself.

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44. Papua New Guinea is likely to see a continuation of political tension, especially with respect to tensions between the national and provincial governments.

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45. Papua New Guinea has a substantial informal sector, consisting of small businesses that do not typically pay taxes or keep accounting records.

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46. Papua New Guinea purchases most of its imports from these same countries, and especially from Australia.

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47. Papua New Guinea is the world's second-largest exporter of round tropical logs, most of these going to Japan and Korea.

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48. Papua New Guinea is heavily dependent on the development of its natural resources.

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49. Papua New Guinea had 44,000 telephone mainlines in use in 1995, and has recently established a cellular telephone network in several areas.

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50. Papua New Guinea has 19,600 kilometers of roads, of which only 686 kilometers (426 miles) are paved (approximately 3.5 percent of the total).

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51. Papua New Guinea currently has a limited infrastructure, largely due to the country's rugged terrain.

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52. Papua New Guinea is divided into 19 provinces plus the national capital district.

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53. Papua New Guinea receives aid from other donors such as the Asian Development Bank.

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54. Papua New Guinea has perhaps the world's most diverse population, with at least 846 indigenous languages spoken.

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55. Papua New Guinea is about the same size as California.

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56. Papua New Guinea lies at the southeastern edge of Southeast Asia, to the east of Indonesia, and north of Australia.

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57. The University of Papua New Guinea was the first Pacific region university to launch a full online newspaper in 1995.

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58. Papua New Guinea entered the information age in 1997, when Telikom PNG launched Tiare, the national Internet gateway service.

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59. Papua New Guinea had two Internet service providers in 1999.

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60. In 1998, Papua New Guinea had 8 AM stations, 19 FM stations, and 28 short-wave stations.

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61. Papua New Guinea has 20 ministers of education: one at the national level, who oversees the National Capital District, and one in each of the 19 provinces.

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62. In 1996, Papua New Guinea had 114 vocational centers that served more than 11,000 students who left grades six and eight.

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63. Papua New Guinea had about 130 provincial high schools in 1991, with 53,494 students.

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64. In 1995, Papua New Guinea had 2,790 public primary schools and 13,457 teachers serving 516,797 students.

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65. Papua New Guinea is located in an area of high seismic activity.

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66. In 1997 Papua New Guinea imported $1.5 billion in machinery, transportation equipment and other manufactured goods, rice and processed foods, fuels and chemicals.

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67. Papua New Guinea is heavily dependent on imports for manufactured goods and exports raw materials and agricultural products.

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68. Papua New Guinea is a young nation, made up of hundreds of smaller cultural groups, which speak nearly 800 separate languages.

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69. Papua New Guinea lies wholly within the Tropics, and its climate is monsoonal.

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70. Papua New Guinea lies in the southwest Pacific, just south of the equator and about 100 miles northeast of Australia.

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71. Papua New Guinea had the highest per capita HIV prevalence in the North and South Pacific regions.

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72. Papua New Guinea acceded to the World Trade Organization in 1996 and has liberalized its trade to conform to WTO standards, removing all nontariff barriers to trade including quotas, bans, and license requirements.

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73. In 1995, Papua New Guinea reached an agreement with the World Bank and IMF on a series of economic reforms.

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74. Papua New Guinea relies heavily on imported goods and services, both for consumption and as inputs for its exports.

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75. In 2002, Papua New Guinea has high technology exports totaling $11 million, or 195 of its manufactured exports.

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76. The University of Papua New Guinea, founded in 1965 at Waigani, and the Papua New Guinea University of Technology, founded in 1965 at Lae, provide scientific and technical training.

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77. Papua New Guinea had proven oil reserves estimated at 170 million barrels, as of 2004.

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78. Papua New Guinea grows very little rice, the staple food for many of its inhabitants.

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79. Papua New Guinea's armed forces in 2005 had a total of 3,100 active personnel.

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80. Papua New Guinea is divided into 20 provinces, including the National Capital District.

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81. Papua New Guinea is an independent, parliamentary democracy in the Commonwealth of Nations, with a governor-general representing the British crown.

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82. Papua New Guinea achieved complete independence on 16 September 1975, with Michael Somare as prime minister of a coalition government.

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83. Papua New Guinea had an estimated 571 airports in 2004.

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84. Papua New Guinea has more than 1,000 different ethnic groups.

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85. Papua New Guinea supports a great diversity of bird life.

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86. Papua New Guinea is situated between the stable continental mass of Australia and the deep ocean basin of the Pacific.

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87. Papua New Guinea has a total boundary length of 5,972 km, of which 5,152 km (3,201 mi) is coastline.

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88. Papua New Guinea has 5,150 kilometers of coastline.

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89. Papua New Guinea has several volcanoes, as it is situated along the Ring of Fire.

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90. Papua New Guinea has an estimated 11,000 plant species, 250 mammal species, and 700 bird species.

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91. Papua New Guinea is an island country located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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92. Papua New Guinea competed at events last year including the Commonwealth Games in Gold Coast and the Summer Youth Olympic Games in Buenos Aires last year.

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93. Papua New Guinea are unusual among Commonwealth realms in that governors-general are elected by the legislature, rather than chosen by the executive branch.

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94. Papua New Guinea might be the least likely place to spot world leaders shaking hands.

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95. Papua New Guinea: Hosting a regional summit in the least likely of locations.

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96. Papua New Guinea is one of the 15 beneficiaries of a programme on Adapting to Climate Change and Sustainable Energy worth €37.26 million.

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97. Papua New Guinea has six universities apart from other major tertiary institutions.

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98. Papua New Guinea is one of the most heterogeneous nations in the world.

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99. Papua New Guinea is richly endowed with natural resources, including mineral and renewable resources, such as forests, marine, and in some parts agriculture.

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100. Papua New Guinea is part of the Australasia ecozone, which includes Australia, New Zealand, eastern Indonesia, and several Pacific island groups, including the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.

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101. Papua New Guinea is surrounded by coral reefs which are under close watch, in the interests of preservation.

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