50 Facts About Fiji


In 1874, after a brief period in which Fiji was an independent kingdom, the British established the Colony of Fiji.

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Fiji operated as a Crown colony until 1970, when it gained independence and became known as the Dominion of Fiji.

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Fiji has one of the most developed economies in the Pacific through its abundant forest, mineral, and fish resources.

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Fiji has long had permanent settlements, but its peoples have a history of mobility.

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Early colonists and missionaries pointed to the practice of cannibalism in Fiji as providing a moral imperative justifying colonization.

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Fiji ordered an attack with rockets which acted as makeshift incendiary devices.

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Fiji's father was Ratu Tanoa Visawaqa, the Vunivalu who had previously subdued much of western Fiji.

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Fiji's plans were thwarted after the missionaries in Fiji received support from the already converted Tongans and the presence of a British warship.

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Cakobau and other chiefs in the west of Fiji regarded Ma?afu as a threat to their power and resisted his attempts to expand Tonga's dominion.

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Thousands of European planters flocked to Fiji to establish plantations but found the natives unwilling to adapt to their plans.

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Fiji was never brought to trial for his actions, as he was given immunity in return for giving evidence against his crew members.

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Fiji'storians have found no such evidence; the disease spread before the new British governor and colonial medical officers had arrived, and no quarantine rules existed under the outgoing regime.

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Fiji renamed the Native Regiment, the Armed Native Constabulary to lessen its appearance of being a military force.

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Repatriation of indentured Indians from Fiji began on 3 May 1892, when the British Peer brought 464 repatriated Indians to Calcutta.

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Fiji was again exiled, this time to Rotuma where he died soon after his 10-year sentence ended.

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Later in 2000, Fiji was rocked by two mutinies when rebel soldiers went on a rampage at Suva's Queen Elizabeth Barracks.

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Fiji then reappointed Bainimarama under his "New Order" as interim prime minister and imposed a "Public Emergency Regulation" limiting internal travel and allowing press censorship.

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On 2 May 2009, Fiji became the first nation ever to have been suspended from participation in the Pacific Islands Forum, for its failure to hold democratic elections by the date promised.

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Fiji announced a nationwide consultation process leading to a new constitution under which the 2014 elections were held.

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Fiji is the hub of the Southwest Pacific, midway between Vanuatu and Tonga.

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Climate in Fiji is tropical marine and warm year round with minimal extremes.

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Climate change in Fiji is an exceptionally pressing issue for the country - as an island nation, Fiji is particularly vulnerable to rising sea levels, coastal erosion and extreme weather.

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Politics in Fiji normally take place in the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic wherein the Prime Minister of Fiji is the head of government and the President the Head of State, and of a multi-party system.

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Relative to its size, Fiji has fairly large armed forces and has been a major contributor to UN peacekeeping missions in various parts of the world.

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Fiji is divided into four major divisions which are further divided into 14 provinces.

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Fiji experienced a period of rapid growth in the 1960s and 1970s but stagnated in the 1980s.

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Fiji has a significant amount of tourism with the popular regions being Nadi, the Coral Coast, Denarau Island, and Mamanuca Islands.

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Fiji has a significant number of soft coral reefs, and scuba diving is a common tourist activity.

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Fiji has served as a location for various Hollywood movies starting from the Mr Robinson Crusoe in 1932 to The Blue Lagoon starring Brooke Shields and Return to the Blue Lagoon (1991) with Milla Jovovich.

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Airports Fiji Limited is responsible for the operation of 15 public airports in the Fiji Islands.

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Fiji is the only developing Pacific Island country with recent data for gross domestic expenditure on research and development, with the exception of Papua New Guinea.

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Fiji is planning to diversify its energy sector through the use of science and technology.

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In 2020, the Regional Pacific Nationally Determined Contributions Hub Office in Fiji was launched to support climate change mitigation and adaptation.

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Roman Catholics in Fiji are headed by the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Suva, whose province includes the dioceses of Rarotonga and Tarawa and Nauru (with see at Tarawa on Kiribati, for Nauru) and the Mission sui iuris of Tokelau (New Zealand).

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Students either leave after three years with a Fiji school leaving certificate, or remain on to complete their final two years and qualify for tertiary education.

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Students passing the exam then follow a three-year course that leads to the Fiji School Leaving Certificate and the opportunity to attend senior secondary school.

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Thus, the various cultures of Fiji have come together to create a unique multicultural national identity.

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Fiji's culture was showcased at the World Exposition held in Vancouver, Canada, in 1986 and more recently at the Shanghai World Expo 2010, along with other Pacific countries in the Pacific Pavilion.

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Cricket Fiji is an associate member of the International Cricket Council.

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The Fiji national sevens side is a popular and successful international rugby sevens team and has won the Hong Kong Sevens a record eighteen times since its inception in 1976.

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Fiji has won the Rugby World Cup Sevens twice – in 1997 and 2005.

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Fiji is currently ranked eleventh in the world by the IRB.

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Fiji competes in the Pacific Tri-Nations and the IRB Pacific Nations Cup.

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The sport is governed by the Fiji Rugby Union which is a member of the Pacific Islands Rugby Alliance, and contributes to the Pacific Islanders rugby union team.

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Fiji is one of the few countries where rugby union is the main sport.

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One of the problems for Fiji is simply getting their players to play for their home country, as many have contracts in Europe with the French Top 14 and the English Aviva Premiership or with Super Rugby teams, where monetary compensation is far more rewarding.

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Fiji has won the most Pacific Tri-Nations Championships of the three participating teams.

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Fiji have produced stars like Akuila Uate, Jarryd Hayne, Kevin Naiqama, Semi Tadulala, Marika Koroibete, Apisai Koroisau, Sisa Waqa and the Sims brothers Ashton Sims, Tariq Sims and Korbin Sims.

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Fiji Football Association is a member of the Oceania Football Confederation.

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Fiji won the Pacific Games football tournament in 1991 and 2003.

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