26 Facts About Plantagenet


House of Plantagenet was a royal house which originated from the lands of Anjou in France.

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The Plantagenet kings were often forced to negotiate compromises such as Magna Carta, which had served to constrain their royal power in return for financial and military support.

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Plantagenet first espoused his daughter, Alice, to William Adelin, Henry I's heir.

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Plantagenet invaded Ireland to assert his authority over knights who had accrued autonomous power after they recruited soldiers in England and Wales and colonised Ireland with his permission.

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Plantagenet was respected for his military leadership and courtly manners.

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Plantagenet rejected and humiliated the sister of the king of France.

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Plantagenet deposed the king of Cyprus and later sold the island.

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Plantagenet was rumoured to have arranged the assassination of Conrad of Montferrat.

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Plantagenet's ruthlessness was demonstrated by his massacre of 2,600 prisoners in Acre.

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Plantagenet obtained victories during the Third Crusade, but failed to capture Jerusalem.

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Plantagenet left again in 1194 and battled Philip for five years, attempting to regain the lands seized during his captivity.

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Plantagenet brought his niece Eleanor of Brittany, aiming to establish her as Duchess of Brittany.

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Plantagenet was not unpopular initially but faced three challenges: discontent over the financing of wars; his household spending; and the role of his favourite Piers Gaveston.

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The only Plantagenet known to have died from the Black Death was Edward III's daughter Joan in Bordeaux.

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Plantagenet's army was caught by a much larger French force at Poitiers, but the ensuing battle was a decisive English victory, resulting in the capture of John II of France.

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Plantagenet invaded with an army of 5,000 men; however, fighting was inconclusive, before Gaunt agreed to a treaty with King Juan of Castile.

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Plantagenet's government levied poll taxes to finance military campaigns which, combined with the poor state of the economy, resulted in the Peasants' Revolt in 1381, followed by brutal reprisals against the rebels.

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Plantagenet defeated a Scottish invasion, a serious rebellion by Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland in the North and Owain Glyndwr's rebellion in Wales.

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The increasingly interwoven Plantagenet relationships were demonstrated by Edmund's second marriage to Joan Holland.

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Plantagenet later married Thomas of Lancaster, John of Gaunt's grandson by King Henry IV.

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Plantagenet emphasised the point by being the first to assume the Plantagenet surname in 1448.

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Plantagenet was crowned after consolidating his position with victory at the Battle of Towton.

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Plantagenet was the eldest daughter of Edward IV, and all their children were his cognatic heirs.

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Plantagenet fled with his brother Richard, while their remaining brother, William, was imprisoned in the Tower—where he would remain until his death 37 years later—as part of a general suppression of Edmund's associates.

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Plantagenet's father failed in his rebellion against Richard III in 1483 but was restored to his inheritance on the reversal of his father's attainder late in 1485.

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Plantagenet's mother married Henry VII's uncle Jasper Tudor, and his wardship was entrusted to the king's mother, Lady Margaret Beaufort.

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