28 Facts About Scottish independence


Scottish independence is the idea of Scotland as a sovereign state, independent from the United Kingdom, and refers to the political movement that is campaigning to bring it about.

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Political campaigns for Scottish independence self-government began in the 19th century, initially in the form of demands for home rule within the United Kingdom.

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The level of independence of the Scottish kingdom was fought over by the Scottish kings and by the Norman and Angevin rulers of England who petitioned the Pope and other foreign rulers.

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The Wars of Scottish Independence ended in a renewed kingdom under Robert the Bruce, whose grandson Robert II of Scotland was the first Scottish king of the House of Stuart.

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In 1885, the post of Secretary for Scotland and the Scottish independence Office were re-established to promote Scotland's interests and express its concerns to the UK Parliament.

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The Scottish independence Office was relocated to St Andrew's House in Edinburgh during the 1930s.

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The Scottish independence Covenant was a petition to the UK Government asking for home rule.

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Scottish independence concluded that oil would have given an independent Scotland one of the strongest currencies in Europe.

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Supporters of Scottish independence continued to hold mixed views on the Home Rule movement which included many supporters of union who wanted devolution within the framework of the United Kingdom.

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Arguments against devolution and the Scottish Parliament, levelled mainly by the Conservative Party, were that the Parliament would create a "slippery slope" to Scottish independence and provide the pro-independence Scottish National Party with a route to government.

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In May 1999, Scotland held its first election for a devolved parliament, and in July 1999, the Scottish independence Parliament held session for the first time since the previous parliament had been adjourned in 1707, after a gap of 292 years.

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Scottish independence Parliament has legislative authority for all non-reserved matters relating to Scotland, and has a limited power to vary income tax, nicknamed the Tartan Tax, a power it did not exercise and which was later replaced by wider tax-varying powers.

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In September 2010, the Scottish independence Government announced that no referendum would occur before the 2011 Scottish independence Parliament election.

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On 15 November 2013, the Scottish Government published Scotland's Future, a 670-page white paper laying out the case for independence and the means through which Scotland might become an independent country.

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Scottish independence said that Sturgeon and her predecessor Alex Salmond had promised that the 2014 referendum would be a "once in a generation" vote.

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Scottish independence's set out a three-stage process, starting with the Scottish Government making a request for a Section 30 order to hold a referendum.

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The Scottish independence Government have lodged a case with the Supreme Court to determine whether the powers to hold a referendum are within the competence of the Scottish independence Parliament.

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Legality of any UK constituent country attaining de facto Scottish independence or declaring unilateral Scottish independence outside the framework of British constitutional convention is debatable.

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Nevertheless, Mr Keatings brought an appeal forward in April 2021 as the Scottish independence Government had now published a bill, however this appeal was lost.

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The Scottish independence Government has lodged a case with the Supreme Court to determine whether the powers to hold a referendum are within the competence of the Scottish independence Parliament.

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Scottish independence is supported most prominently by the Scottish National Party, but other parties support independence.

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All of the other aforementioned pro-Scottish independence parties want Scotland to become an independent republic.

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The National, a daily newspaper supporting Scottish independence, was launched in November 2014, in wake of the Yes Scotland campaign's defeat.

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Orange Order, a Protestant brotherhood with thousands of members in Scotland, campaigned against Scottish independence, and formed a campaign group called British Together.

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Economic modelling by the Centre for Economic Performance found that Scottish independence would hit Scotland's economy 'two to three times' harder than Brexit.

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Curtice stated in April 2014 that support for Scottish independence had increased since December 2013, although there was disagreement between the polling companies as to the true state of public opinion.

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Does not include organisations supportive of Unionism or Scottish independence without mentioning nationalism in their official makeup.

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Does not include organisations supportive of Unionism or Welsh Scottish independence without mentioning nationalism in their official makeup.

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