30 Facts About Tamil language


Tamil language is spoken by significant minorities in the four other South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, and the union territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

FactSnippet No. 612,916

One of 22 scheduled languages in the Constitution of India, Tamil was the first to be classified as a classical language of India.

FactSnippet No. 612,917

The variety and quality of classical Tamil language literature has led to it being described as "one of the great classical traditions and literatures of the world".

FactSnippet No. 612,918

Tamil language inscriptions written in Brahmi script have been discovered in Sri Lanka and on trade goods in Thailand and Egypt.

FactSnippet No. 612,919

The Tamil Lexicon, published by the University of Madras, was one of the earliest dictionaries published in Indian languages.

FactSnippet No. 612,920

Closest major relative of Tamil language is Malayalam; the two began diverging around the 9th century AD.

FactSnippet No. 612,921

The earliest records in Old Tamil language are short inscriptions from 905 BC to 696 BC in Adichanallur.

FactSnippet No. 612,922

John Guy states that Tamil language was the lingua franca for early maritime traders from India.

FactSnippet No. 612,923

Old Tamil is the period of the Tamil language spanning the 10th century BC to the 8th century AD.

FactSnippet No. 612,924

The earliest records in Old Tamil language are short inscriptions from 905 BC to 696 BC in Adichanallur.

FactSnippet No. 612,925

Changes in written Tamil language include the use of European-style punctuation and the use of consonant clusters that were not permitted in Middle Tamil language.

FactSnippet No. 612,926

The syntax of written Tamil language has changed, with the introduction of new aspectual auxiliaries and more complex sentence structures, and with the emergence of a more rigid word order that resembles the syntactic argument structure of English.

FactSnippet No. 612,927

The Tamil language is spoken among small minority groups in other states of India which include Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra and in certain regions of Sri Lanka such as Colombo and the hill country.

FactSnippet No. 612,928

Tamil language was used widely in inscriptions found in southern Andhra Pradesh districts of Chittoor and Nellore until the 12th century AD.

FactSnippet No. 612,929

Tamil language was used for inscriptions from the 10th through 14th centuries in southern Karnataka districts such as Kolar, Mysore, Mandya and Bangalore.

FactSnippet No. 612,930

In Reunion where the Tamil language was forbidden to be learnt and used in public space by France it is being relearnt by students and adults.

FactSnippet No. 612,931

Tamil language is spoken by migrants from Sri Lanka and India in Canada, the United States, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, South Africa, and Australia.

FactSnippet No. 612,932

Tamil language enjoys a special status of protection under Article, Chapter 1 of the Constitution of South Africa and is taught as a subject in schools in KwaZulu-Natal province.

FactSnippet No. 612,933

Socio-linguistic situation of Tamil language is characterised by diglossia: there are two separate registers varying by socioeconomic status, a high register and a low one.

FactSnippet No. 612,934

Tamil language dialects are primarily differentiated from each other by the fact that they have undergone different phonological changes and sound shifts in evolving from Old Tamil language.

FactSnippet No. 612,935

Old Tamil language's is the source of in the dialect of Tirunelveli, Old Tamil language is the source of in the dialect of Madurai, and in some northern dialects.

FactSnippet No. 612,936

Many Indic scripts have a similar sign, generically called virama, but the Tamil language script is somewhat different in that it nearly always uses a visible pulli to indicate a 'dead consonant'.

FactSnippet No. 612,937

The traditional system prescribed by classical grammars for writing loan-words, which involves respelling them in accordance with Tamil language phonology, remains, but is not always consistently applied.

FactSnippet No. 612,938

Tamil language employs agglutinative grammar, where suffixes are used to mark noun class, number, and case, verb tense and other grammatical categories.

FactSnippet No. 612,939

Tamil language words consist of a lexical root to which one or more affixes are attached.

FactSnippet No. 612,940

Tamil language nouns are classified into two super-classes ()—the "rational" (), and the "irrational" ()—which include a total of five classes (pal, which literally means "gender").

FactSnippet No. 612,941

Traditional grammars of Tamil language do not distinguish between adjectives and adverbs, including both of them under the category uriccol, although modern grammarians tend to distinguish between them on morphological and syntactical grounds.

FactSnippet No. 612,942

Tamil language has many ideophones that act as adverbs indicating the way the object in a given state "says" or "sounds".

FactSnippet No. 612,943

However, word order in Tamil language is flexible, so that surface permutations of the SOV order are possible with different pragmatic effects.

FactSnippet No. 612,944

In more modern times, Tamil has imported words from Urdu and Marathi, reflecting groups that have influenced the Tamil area at times, and from neighbouring languages such as Telugu, Kannada, and Sinhala.

FactSnippet No. 612,945