18 Facts About Arkhangelsk Oblast


Arkhangelsk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia.

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Arkhangelsk Oblast has administrative jurisdiction over the Nenets Autonomous Okrug.

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Arkhangelsk Oblast, which includes the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, borders Kirov Oblast, Vologda Oblast, the Republic of Karelia, the Komi Republic, and the White, Pechora, Barents and Kara seas.

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Arkhangelsk Oblast is located on the East European Plain, and most of it represents forested hilly landscape.

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Almost all of the area of the Arkhangelsk Oblast belongs to the basin of the Arctic Ocean, with the major rivers being the Onega River, the Northern Dvina, Kuloy River, Mezen River, and Pechora Rivers.

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White Sea coast within the Arkhangelsk Oblast is split into the Onega Bay, the Dvina Bay, and the Mezen Bay.

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The main historical areas of the Arkhangelsk Oblast region were Poonezhye along the Onega, the Dvina Land along the Northern Dvina, Pinezhye along the Pinega, Mezen Lands along the Mezen, and Pomorye on the White Sea coast.

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In 1708, when the governorates were established by Tsar Peter the Great, Arkhangelsk Oblast became the seat of one of the seven governorates of the Russian Empire.

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In 1703, with the construction of St Petersburg, Arkhangelsk Oblast, which lacked St Petersburg's geographical proximity to Europe and the non-freezing harbour of Murmansk, lost its significance as the main trading harbour of the Russian Empire.

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However, in the early 20th century Arkhangelsk Oblast was an important starting point for Russian Arctic expeditions.

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In 1918 and 1919, Arkhangelsk Oblast Governorate became one of the most active battlegrounds of the Civil War in Russia.

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Arkhangelsk Oblast was and remains attractive as an area for exile, forcible resettlement, and prison camps.

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In 1932, the icebreaker Sibiryakov under the command of Vladimir Voronin, sailing from Arkhangelsk Oblast, crossed the Northern Sea Route in a single navigation.

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Principal industrial enterprises in Arkhangelsk Oblast are shipyards in Arkhangelsk and Severodvinsk, pulp and paper mills in Koryazhma and Novodvinsk, and bauxite extraction plant in Severoonezhsk.

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The piece between Vologda and Arkhangelsk Oblast was constructed in 1890s and passed through previously uninhabited areas between the valleys of the Northern Dvina and the Onega.

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Arkhangelsk Oblast is famous for its wooden buildings which include churches, chapels, peasant houses and farms, and city houses.

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The Vodnik Bandy Club from Arkhangelsk Oblast has become the Russian champion nine times and won the Bandy World Cup in 2003 and 2004.

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Arkhangelsk Oblast hosted the 1999 Bandy World Championship and the same in 2003.

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