Ancestral indigenous lands that form the Assyrian people homeland are those of ancient Upper Mesopotamia, regions currently within modern-day northern Iraq, southeastern Turkey, northwestern Iran, and northeastern Syria.
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From this point, the Assyrian people population was dramatically reduced in their homeland.
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The Assyrian people Levies played a major role in subduing the pro-Nazi Iraqi forces at the battle of Habbaniya in 1941.
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The tension reached its peak shortly after the formal declaration of independence when hundreds of Assyrian people civilians were slaughtered during the Simele massacre by the Iraqi Army in August 1933.
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The giving of traditional Assyrian people names was banned and Assyrian people schools, political parties, churches and literature were repressed.
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An Assyrian people educator named Isa Rashid was later badly beaten outside of his home for rejecting the Kurdish self-administration's curriculum.
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The conical hats of traditional Assyrian people dress have changed little over millennia from those worn in ancient Mesopotamia, and until the 19th and early 20th centuries the ancient Mesopotamian tradition of braiding or platting of hair, beards and moustaches was still commonplace.
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