15 Facts About Baroque architecture


Baroque architecture is a highly decorative and theatrical style which appeared in Italy in the early 17th century and gradually spread across Europe.

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Early Baroque architecture was largely dominated by the work of Roman architects, notably the Church of the Gesu by Giacomo della Porta facade and colonnade of St Peter's Basilica by Carlo Maderno and the lavish Barberini Palace interiors by Pietro da Cortona .

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High Baroque architecture produced major works in Rome by Pietro da Cortona, including the ; by Francesco Borromini ; and by Gian Lorenzo Bernini .

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In Venice, High Baroque architecture works included Santa Maria della Salute by Baldassare Longhena.

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Late Baroque architecture saw the style spread to all parts of Europe, and to the colonies of Spain and Portugal in the New World.

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Baroque architecture first appeared in the late 16th and early 17th century in religious architecture in Rome a means to counter the popular appeal of the Protestant Reformation.

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Baroque architecture was later imprisoned by the King because of the extravagant cost of the palace.

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Bernini rebuilt the Church of Santa Bibiana and the Church of San Sebastiano al Palatino on the Palatine Hill into Baroque architecture landmarks, planned the Fontana del Tritone in the Piazza Barberini, and created the soaring baldacchino as the centerpiece St Peter's Basilica.

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One of the finest monuments of the early Baroque architecture is the Barberini Palace, the residence of the family of Urban VIII, begun by Carlo Maderno, and completed and decorated by Bernini and Francesco Borromini.

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The next important French Baroque architecture project was a much larger dome for the church of Val-de-Grace begun in 1645 by Lemercier and Francois Mansart, and finished in 1715.

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In Bohemia, the leading Baroque architecture architect was Christoph Dientzenhofer, whose building featured complex curves and counter-curves and elliptical forms, making Prague, like Vienna, a capital of the late Baroque architecture.

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The most ornate works of the Spanish Baroque architecture were made by Jose Benito de Churriguera in Madrid and Salamanca.

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Baroque architecture style was imported into Latin America in the 17th century by the Spanish and the Portuguese, particularly by the Jesuits for the construction of churches.

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Portuguese colonial Baroque architecture was modeled after the Baroque architecture of Lisbon, different from the Spanish style.

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Baroque architecture often used visual and theatrical effects, designed to surprise and awe the viewer:.

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