57 Facts About Brussels Capital Region


The Brussels-Capital Region is located in the central portion of the country and is a part of both the French Community of Belgium and the Flemish Community, but is separate from the Flemish Region and the Walloon Region.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,381

Brussels Capital Region is a hub for rail, road and air traffic, and is sometimes considered, together with Belgium, as the geographic, economic and cultural crossroads of Europe.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,382

Historically Dutch-speaking, Brussels Capital Region saw a language shift to French from the late 19th century.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,383

Brussels Capital Region is known for its cuisine and gastronomic offer, as well as its historical and architectural landmarks; some of them are registered as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,384

The names of all the municipalities in the Brussels-Capital Region are of Dutch origin, except for Evere, which is Celtic.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,385

The official founding of Brussels Capital Region is usually said to be around 979, when Duke Charles of Lower Lorraine transferred the relics of the martyr Saint Gudula from Moorsel to Saint Gaugericus' chapel.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,386

Brabant was integrated into this composite state, and Brussels flourished as the Princely Capital of the prosperous Burgundian Netherlands, known as the Seventeen Provinces.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,387

Brussels Capital Region was captured by France in 1746, during the War of the Austrian Succession, but was handed back to Austria three years later.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,388

The Free University of Brussels Capital Region was established in 1834 and Saint-Louis University in 1858.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,389

Brussels Capital Region became one of the major European cities for the development of the Art Nouveau style in the 1890s and early 1900s.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,390

Brussels-Capital Region was formed on 18 June 1989, after a constitutional reform in 1988.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,391

In recent years, Brussels Capital Region has become an important venue for international events.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,392

City of Brussels is the capital of both the French Community of Belgium and the Flemish Community.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,393

Unlike most of the municipalities in Belgium, the ones located in the Brussels-Capital Region were not merged with others during mergers occurring in 1964,1970, and 1975.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,394

That would lower the number of politicians needed to govern Brussels Capital Region, and centralise the power over the city to make decisions easier, thus reduce the overall running costs.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,395

Brussels-Capital Region is one of the three federated regions of Belgium, alongside the Walloon Region and the Flemish Region.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,396

Brussels-Capital Region is governed by a parliament of 89 members and an eight-member regional cabinet consisting of a minister-president, four ministers and three state secretaries.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,397

The Brussels Capital Region Agglomeration was an administrative division established in 1971.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,398

Brussels Capital Region Agglomeration had a separate legislative council, but the by-laws enacted by it did not have the status of a legislative act.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,399

Early building in Brussels Capital Region was sporadic and uncontrolled, with little planning.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,400

Brussels Capital Region has, since World War II, become the administrative centre of many international organisations.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,401

Brussels Capital Region is third in the number of international conferences it hosts, becoming one of the largest convention centres in the world.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,402

Treaty of Brussels Capital Region, which was signed on 17 March 1948 between Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, was a prelude to the establishment of the intergovernmental military alliance which later became the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,403

In general, the population of Brussels Capital Region is younger than the national average, and the gap between rich and poor is wider.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,404

Brussels Capital Region is part of a wider diamond-shaped conurbation, with Ghent, Antwerp and Leuven, which has about 4.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,405

Nowadays, Brussels Capital Region is home to a large number of immigrants and emigre communities, as well as labour migrants, former foreign students or expatriates, and many Belgian families in Brussels Capital Region can claim at least one foreign grandparent.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,406

Brussels Capital Region was historically Dutch-speaking, using the Brabantian dialect, but over the two past centuries French has become the predominant language of the city.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,407

Today, the Brussels-Capital Region is legally bilingual, with both French and Dutch having official status, as is the administration of the 19 municipalities.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,408

The ethnic and national self-identification of Brussels Capital Region' inhabitants is nonetheless sometimes quite distinct from the French and Dutch-speaking communities.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,409

Historically, Brussels Capital Region has been predominantly Roman Catholic, especially since the expulsion of Protestants in the 16th century.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,410

The pre-eminent Catholic cathedral in Brussels Capital Region is the Cathedral of St Michael and St Gudula, serving as the co-cathedral of the Archdiocese of Mechelen–Brussels Capital Region.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,411

Brussels Capital Region has a large concentration of Muslims, mostly of Moroccan, Turkish, Syrian and Guinean ancestry.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,412

Architecture in Brussels Capital Region is diverse, and spans from the clashing combination of Gothic, Baroque, and Louis XIV styles on the Grand Place to the postmodern buildings of the EU institutions.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,413

Brussels Capital Region has had a distinguished artist scene for many years.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,414

The Belgian Comic Strip Center combines two artistic leitmotifs of Brussels Capital Region, being a museum devoted to Belgian comic strips, housed in the former Magasins Waucquez textile department store, designed by Victor Horta in the Art Nouveau style.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,415

Brussels Capital Region is well known for its performing arts scene, with the Royal Theatre of La Monnaie and the Kaaitheater among the most notable institutions.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,416

Brussels Capital Region' identity owes much to its rich folklore and traditions, among the liveliest in the country.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,417

Brussels Capital Region is known for its local waffle, its chocolate, its French fries and its numerous types of beers.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,418

Brussels Capital Region is home to Union Saint-Gilloise, the most successful Belgian club before World War II, with 11 titles.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,419

House prices have increased in recent years, especially with the increase of young professionals settling down in Brussels Capital Region, making it the most expensive city to live in Belgium.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,420

Brussels Capital Region is rated as the 34th most important financial centre in the world as of 2020, according to the Global Financial Centres Index.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,421

Saint-Louis University, Brussels Capital Region was founded in 1858 and is specialised in social and human sciences, with 4,000 students, and located on two campuses in the City of Brussels Capital Region and Ixelles.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,422

Also a dozen of university colleges are located in Brussels Capital Region, including two drama schools, founded in 1832: the French-speaking Conservatoire Royal and its Dutch-speaking equivalent, the Koninklijk Conservatorium.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,423

Brussels Capital Region has a number of public or private-owned libraries on its territory.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,424

Science and technology in Brussels Capital Region is well developed with the presence of several universities and research institutes.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,425

The Brussels-Capital Region is home to several national science and technology institutes including the National Fund for Scientific Research, the Institute for the Encouragement of Scientific Research and Innovation of Brussels, the Royal Academies for Science and the Arts of Belgium and the Belgian Academy Council of Applied Sciences.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,426

Brussels Capital Region is home to a thriving pharmaceutical and health care industry which includes pioneering biotechnology research.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,427

However, all hospital emergency services in the Capital Region are required to be bilingual, since patients transported by emergency ambulance cannot choose the hospital they will be brought to.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,428

Brussels Capital Region has an extensive network of both private or public transportation means.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,429

Brussels-Capital Region is served by two airports which are located outside of the administrative territory of the region.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,430

Brussels-Capital Region has three main train stations: Brussels-South, Brussels-Central and Brussels-North, which are the busiest of the country.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,431

Brussels Capital Region-South is served by direct high-speed rail links: to London by Eurostar trains via the Channel Tunnel ; to Amsterdam by Thalys and InterCity connections; to Amsterdam, Paris, and Cologne by Thalys; and to Cologne and Frankfurt by the German ICE.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,432

Train rails in Brussels Capital Region go underground, near the centre, through the North–South connection, with Brussels Capital Region Central Station being largely underground.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,433

In medieval times, Brussels Capital Region stood at the intersection of routes running north–south and east–west.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,434

Today, Brussels Capital Region has the most congested traffic in North America and Europe, according to US traffic information platform INRIX.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,435

Brussels Capital Region is the hub of a range of national roads, the main ones being clockwise: the N1, N2, N3, N4 N5, N6, N7, N8 and N9.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,436

Brussels Capital Region has an orbital motorway, numbered R0 and commonly referred to as the Ring.

FactSnippet No. 1,726,437