29 Facts About Columbia Records

1. Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony.

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2. In 1902, Columbia Records introduced the "XP" record, a molded brown wax record, to use up old stock.

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3. On February 25, 1925, Columbia Records began recording with the electric recording process licensed from Western Electric.

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4. When Grigsby-Grunow was declared bankrupt in November 1933, Columbia Records was placed in receivership, and in June 1934, the company was sold to Sacro Enterprises Inc for $70,000.

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5. Columbia Records was added in mid-1932, relegated to slower sellers such as the Hawaiian music of Andy Iona, the Irving Mills stable of artists and songs, and the still unknown Benny Goodman.

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6. Columbia Records hired talent scout, music writer, producer, and impresario John Hammond in 1937.

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7. Columbia Records set his talents to his goal of hearing an entire movement of a symphony on one side of an album.

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8. One can infer that Columbia Records was pressing the first LPs for distribution to their dealers for at least 3 months prior to the introduction of the LP on June 21, 1948.

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9. Columbia Records discovered that printing two front cover slicks, one for mono and one for stereo, was inefficient and therefore needlessly costly.

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10. Columbia Records became the most successful non-rock record company in the 1950s after it lured producer and bandleader Mitch Miller away from the Mercury label in 1950.

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11. Columbia Records oversaw many of the early singles by the label's top female recording star of the decade, Doris Day.

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12. Columbia Records continued to use the "notes and mike" logo on record labels and even used a promo label showing both logos until the "notes and mike" was phased out in 1958.

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13. In 1954, Columbia Records embraced small-group modern jazz by signing of the Dave Brubeck Quartet, which resulted in the release of the on-location, best-selling jazz album, Jazz Goes to College.

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14. Ellington at Newport, recorded on Columbia Records, was the bandleader-composer-pianist's best-selling album.

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15. Columbia Records released its first pop stereo albums in the summer of 1958.

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16. Pop stereo LPs got into the high 9000s by 1970, when CBS Columbia Records revamped and unified its catalog numbering system across all its labels.

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17. Columbia Records saw the two recordings as a start to getting into rock and roll.

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18. When Mitch Miller retired in 1965, Columbia Records was at a turning point.

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19. Columbia Records's released her first solo album on Columbia in 1963 and remains with the label to this day.

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20. Columbia Records decided to start issuing albums at CS-1000 instead, preserving the four-digit catalog number.

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21. Columbia Records remains a premier subsidiary label of Sony Music Entertainment.

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22. For much of the 1990s, Columbia Records released its albums without a logo, just the "COLUMBIA" word mark in the Bodoni Classic Bold typeface.

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23. Columbia Records experimented with bringing back the "Notes and Mic" logo but without the CBS mark on the microphone.

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24. In 2007, Columbia Records formed Columbia Records Nashville, which is part of Sony Music Nashville.

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25. Columbia Records operated recording studios, the most notable of which were in New York City, Nashville, Hollywood and San Francisco.

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26. In 1939, Columbia Records established Studio A at 799 Seventh Avenue in New York City.

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27. In 1961, Columbia Records renovated and repurposed CBS Radio Studio A at the company's Columbia Square complex at 6121 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, California.

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28. Columbia Records utilized the studio for recording and mastering services until its closure in 1972.

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29. Columbia Records recorded in the highly respected Liederkranz Hall, at 111 East 58th Street between Park and Lexington Avenues, in New York City, it was built by and formerly belonged to a German cultural and musical society, The Liederkranz Society, and used as a recording studio.

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