13 Facts About Inquisition


Inquisition was a group of institutions within the Catholic Church whose aim was to combat heresy, conducting trials of suspected heretics.

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Term "Inquisition" comes from the Medieval Latin word, which described any court process based on Roman law, which had gradually come back into use during the Late Middle Ages.

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Today, the English term "Inquisition" can apply to any one of several institutions that worked against heretics within the judicial system of the Roman Catholic Church.

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Generally, the Inquisition was concerned only with the heretical behaviour of Catholic adherents or converts.

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The Inquisition was permanently established in 1229, run largely by the Dominicans in Rome and later at Carcassonne in Languedoc.

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In 1538 the Spanish Inquisition cautioned its members not to believe everything the Malleus said.

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The Peruvian Inquisition, based in Lima, administered all the Spanish territories in South America and Panama.

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Portuguese Inquisition formally started in Portugal in 1536 at the request of King Joao III.

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The Portuguese Inquisition principally focused upon the Sephardi Jews, whom the state forced to convert to Christianity.

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The Portuguese Inquisition expanded its scope of operations from Portugal to its colonial possessions, including Brazil, Cape Verde, and Goa.

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Originally oriented for a religious action, the Inquisition exerted an influence over almost every aspect of Portuguese society: political, cultural, and social.

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Goa Inquisition began in 1560 at the order of John III of Portugal.

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The Goa Inquisition focused upon Catholic converts from Hinduism or Islam who were thought to have returned to their original ways.

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