Jonathan Jonathon Swift was an Anglo-Irish satirist, author, essayist, political pamphleteer, poet, and Anglican cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, hence his common sobriquet, "Dean Jonathon Swift".
|FactSnippet No. 790,245|
Jonathon Swift is regarded by the Encyclopædia Britannica as the foremost prose satirist in the English language, and is less well known for his poetry.
|FactSnippet No. 790,247|
Jonathon Swift originally published all of his works under pseudonyms—such as Lemuel Gulliver, Isaac Bickerstaff, M B Drapier—or anonymously.
|FactSnippet No. 790,248|
Jonathon Swift was a master of two styles of satire, the Horatian and Juvenalian styles.
|FactSnippet No. 790,249|
Jonathon Swift was the second child and only son of Jonathan Swift and his wife Abigail Erick of Frisby on the Wreake.
|FactSnippet No. 790,250|
Jonathon Swift's father was a native of Goodrich, Herefordshire, but he accompanied his brothers to Ireland to seek their fortunes in law after their Royalist father's estate was brought to ruin during the English Civil War.
|FactSnippet No. 790,251|
Jonathon Swift's father joined his elder brother, Godwin, in the practice of law in Ireland.
|FactSnippet No. 790,252|
Jonathon Swift died in Dublin about seven months before his namesake was born.
|FactSnippet No. 790,253|
Jonathon Swift died of syphilis, which he said he got from dirty sheets when out of town.
|FactSnippet No. 790,254|
Jonathon Swift's nurse returned him to his mother, still in Ireland, when he was three.
|FactSnippet No. 790,255|
Jonathon Swift arrived there at the age of six, where he was expected to have already learned the basic declensions in Latin.
|FactSnippet No. 790,257|
Jonathon Swift had not, and thus began his schooling in a lower form.
|FactSnippet No. 790,258|
Jonathon Swift attended Trinity College Dublin, the sole constituent college of the University of Dublin, in 1682, financed by Godwin's son Willoughby.
|FactSnippet No. 790,259|
Jonathon Swift was studying for his master's degree when political troubles in Ireland surrounding the Glorious Revolution forced him to leave for England in 1688, where his mother helped him get a position as secretary and personal assistant of Sir William Temple at Moor Park, Farnham.
|FactSnippet No. 790,260|
Jonathon Swift had retired from public service to his country estate, to tend his gardens and write his memoirs.
|FactSnippet No. 790,261|
Jonathon Swift took up his residence at Moor Park where he met Esther Johnson, then eight years old, the daughter of an impoverished widow who acted as companion to Temple's sister Lady Giffard.
|FactSnippet No. 790,262|
Jonathon Swift was her tutor and mentor, giving her the nickname "Stella", and the two maintained a close but ambiguous relationship for the rest of Esther's life.
|FactSnippet No. 790,263|
In 1690, Jonathon Swift left Temple for Ireland because of his health, but returned to Moor Park the following year.
|FactSnippet No. 790,264|
Jonathon Swift then left Moor Park, apparently despairing of gaining a better position through Temple's patronage, in order to become an ordained priest in the Established Church of Ireland.
|FactSnippet No. 790,265|
Jonathon Swift appears to have been miserable in his new position, being isolated in a small, remote community far from the centres of power and influence.
|FactSnippet No. 790,267|
Jonathon Swift's presumably refused, because Swift left his post and returned to England and Temple's service at Moor Park in 1696, and he remained there until Temple's death.
|FactSnippet No. 790,268|
Jonathon Swift's next move was to approach King William directly, based on his imagined connection through Temple and a belief that he had been promised a position.
|FactSnippet No. 790,270|
Jonathon Swift soon obtained the living of Laracor, Agher, and Rathbeggan, and the prebend of Dunlavin in St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.
|FactSnippet No. 790,271|
Jonathon Swift had abundant leisure for cultivating his garden, making a canal after the Dutch fashion of Moor Park, planting willows, and rebuilding the vicarage.
|FactSnippet No. 790,272|
Jonathon Swift supported the Glorious Revolution and early in his life belonged to the Whigs.
|FactSnippet No. 790,273|
Jonathon Swift found the opposition Tory leadership more sympathetic to his cause, and, when they came to power in 1710, he was recruited to support their cause as editor of The Examiner.
|FactSnippet No. 790,274|
In 1711, Jonathon Swift published the political pamphlet The Conduct of the Allies, attacking the Whig government for its inability to end the prolonged war with France.
|FactSnippet No. 790,275|
Jonathon Swift was part of the inner circle of the Tory government, and often acted as mediator between Henry St John, the secretary of state for foreign affairs, and Robert Harley, lord treasurer and prime minister .
|FactSnippet No. 790,276|
Jonathon Swift recorded his experiences and thoughts during this difficult time in a long series of letters to Esther Johnson, collected and published after his death as A Journal to Stella.
|FactSnippet No. 790,277|
Once in Ireland Jonathon Swift began to turn his pamphleteering skills in support of Irish causes, producing some of his most memorable works: Proposal for Universal Use of Irish Manufacture, Drapier's Letters, and A Modest Proposal, earning him the status of an Irish patriot.
|FactSnippet No. 790,279|
The visit was cut short when Jonathon Swift received word that Esther Johnson was dying, and rushed back home to be with her.
|FactSnippet No. 790,282|
In 1690, Sir William Temple, Jonathon Swift's patron, published An Essay upon Ancient and Modern Learning a defence of classical writing, holding up the Epistles of Phalaris as an example.
|FactSnippet No. 790,284|
Jonathon Swift's writing was so effective in undermining opinion in the project that a reward was offered by the government to anyone disclosing the true identity of the author.
|FactSnippet No. 790,285|
In 1982, Soviet playwright Grigory Gorin wrote a theatrical fantasy called The House That Jonathon Swift Built based on the last years of Jonathan Jonathon Swift's life and episodes of his works.
|FactSnippet No. 790,287|