19 Facts About Oldowan


Oldowan was a widespread stone tool archaeological industry in prehistory.

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Oldowan tools were used during the Lower Paleolithic period, 2.

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Term Oldowan is taken from the site of Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania, where the first Oldowan stone tools were discovered by the archaeologist Louis Leakey in the 1930s.

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However, more recent classifications of Oldowan assemblages have been made that focus primarily on manufacture due to the problematic nature of assuming use from stone artefacts.

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Oldowan tools are sometimes called "pebble tools", so named because the blanks chosen for their production already resemble, in pebble form, the final product.

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Oldest known Oldowan tools have been found in Gona, Ethiopia, and are dated to about 2.

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In China, only "Mode 1" Oldowan assemblages were produced, while in Indonesia stone tools from this age are unknown.

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Use of bone tools by hominins producing Oldowan tools is known from Swartkrans, where a bone shaft with a polished point was discovered in Member I, dated 1.

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Oldowan tools were probably used for many purposes, which have been discovered from observation of modern apes and hunter-gatherers.

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Oldowan found that the marks were characteristic of the use and matched marks on prehistoric tools.

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Oldowan soon replaced Abbevillian in describing African and Asian lithics.

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Oldowan concluded other predators had taken the best meat, and the hominins had only scavenged.

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Recent excavations have yielded tools in association with cut-marked bones, indicating that Oldowan were used in meat-processing or -acquiring activities.

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Oldowan industry is named after discoveries made in the Olduvai Gorge of Tanzania in east Africa by the Leakey family, primarily Mary Leakey, but her husband Louis and their son, Richard.

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At the time, this was considered very significant, as portability supported the conclusion that the Oldowan tool-makers were capable of planning for future needs, by creating the tools in a location which was distant from their use.

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Oldowan tools have been found at the following sites: Fuente Nueva 3, Barranco del Leon, Sima del Elefante, Atapuerca TD 6.

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Oldowan tools have been found at Tautavel in the foothills of the Pyrenees.

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Oldowan tools have been found in Italy at the Monte Poggiolo open air site dated to approximately 850 kya, making them the oldest evidence of human habitation in Italy.

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In Pakistan, Oldowan tools have been found at Riwat during a 1980s excavation.

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