30 Facts About San Marino


The country's capital city, the City of San Marino, is located atop Monte Titano, while its largest settlement is Dogana within the largest municipality of Serravalle.

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Marinus then went on to found an independently ruled monastic community on Monte Titano in AD 301; thus, San Marino lays claim to being the oldest extant sovereign state, as well as the oldest constitutional republic.

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In 1463, San Marino was extended with the communities of Faetano, Fiorentino, Montegiardino, and Serravalle, after which the country's borders have remained unchanged.

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Government of San Marino made United States President Abraham Lincoln an honorary citizen.

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The latter, fearing that the moderate government of San Marino would make concessions to the lower class majority, began to show support for the Sammarinese Fascist Party, founded in 1922 and styled largely on their Italian counterpart.

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San Marino accepted thousands of civilian refugees when Allied forces went over the Gothic Line.

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San Marino had the world's first democratically elected communist government – a coalition between the Sammarinese Communist Party and the Sammarinese Socialist Party, which held office between 1945 and 1957.

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San Marino is the world's smallest republic, although when Nauru gained independence in 1968 it challenged that claim.

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San Marino became a member of the Council of Europe in 1988 and of the United Nations in 1992.

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At the 2020 Summer Olympics, San Marino became the smallest country to earn an Olympic medal when Alessandra Perilli won a bronze medal in women's trap.

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San Marino was included in the list, alongside numerous well known Russian adversaries such as the United States and countries in the European Union.

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On 31 August 2022, San Marino officials voted to legalize abortion in the republic, "one of the last European states to have had the procedure outlawed under all circumstances".

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San Marino has no still or contained bodies of water of any significant size.

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San Marino has the political framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic: the captains regent are both heads of state and heads of government, and there is a pluriform multi-party system.

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San Marino is considered to have the earliest written governing documents still in effect, as the Statutes of 1600 are still at the core of its constitutional framework.

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San Marino was originally led by the Arengo, initially formed from the heads of each family.

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San Marino has had more female heads of state than any other country: 15 as of October 2014, including three who served twice.

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San Marino had previously been the Ambassador to the United States and is the world's first openly gay head of state.

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San Marino is divided into nine municipalities, known locally as :.

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Once at the heart of San Marino's army, the Crossbow Corps is a ceremonial force of approximately 80 volunteers.

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Entire military corps of San Marino depends upon the co-operation of full-time forces and their retained colleagues, known as the, or Voluntary Military Force.

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San Marino is a developed country, and although it is not a European Union member it is allowed to use the euro as its currency by arrangement with the Council of the European Union; it is granted the right to use its own designs on the national side of the euro coins.

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San Marino is no longer a member of the Small European Postal Administration Cooperation.

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San Marino is a predominantly Catholic state, though Catholicism is not an established religion.

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Diocese of San Marino-Montefeltro was until 1977 the historic diocese of Montefeltro.

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Three Towers of San Marino are located on the three peaks of Monte Titano in the capital.

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Together with Italy, San Marino held the 2019 UEFA European Under-21 Championship, with teams playing at the Stadio Olimpico in Serravalle.

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San Marino has a professional baseball team which plays in Italy's top division.

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San Marino is the smallest country to have ever won an Olympic medal, having won one silver and a bronze in shooting in the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo.

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San Marino has taken part in the Eurovision Song Contest eleven times, achieving three final qualifications to date .

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