25 Facts About San Marino

1. San Marino has survived, completely intact, attacks by other self-governing Italian city-states, the Napoleonic Wars, the unification of Italy, and two world wars.

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2. San Marino is overwhelmingly urban in character, and those three cities are home to nearly two-thirds of San Marino's population.

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3. In 2002 San Marino replaced the Italian lira with the euro as its national currency.

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4. Historically, the various parishes in San Marino were divided between two Italian dioceses, mostly in the Diocese of Montefeltro, and partly in the Diocese of Rimini.

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5. San Marino has one of the smallest military forces in the world.

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6. San Marino has no flat ground; it is entirely composed of hilly terrain.

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7. San Marino depends on Italy for its defense as the country does not have its own deference forces.

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8. San Marino is one of the densely populated countries in the world.

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9. San Marino is the second smallest country in Europe, with only Vatican City being smaller.

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10. San Marino had the world's first democratically elected communist government—a coalition between the Sammarinese Communist Party and the Sammarinese Socialist Party, which held office between 1945 and 1957.

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11. San Marino had the world's first democratically elected communist government—a coalition between the Sammarinese Communist Party and the Sammarinese Socialist Party, which held office between 1945 and 1957.

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12. San Marino has taken part in the Eurovision Song Contest eight times, achieving its first final in 2014 with the third participation of Valentina Monetta and the song "Maybe".

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13. San Marino has had little success at the Olympic Games, winning no medals.

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14. San Marino has a professional baseball team which plays in Italy's top division.

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15. The first mention of Jews in San Marino dates to the late 14th century, in official documents recording the business transactions of Jews.

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16. San Marino has a population of approximately 33,000, with 4,800 foreign residents, most of whom are Italian citizens.

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17. San Marino has had more female heads of state than any other country: 15 as of October 2014, including three who served twice.

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18. San Marino was originally led by the Arengo, initially formed from the heads of each family.

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19. San Marino has the political framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic: the Captains Regent are both heads of state and heads of government, and there is a pluriform multi-party system.

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20. San Marino is the third smallest country in Europe, with only Vatican City and Monaco being smaller.

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21. San Marino became a member of the Council of Europe in 1988 and of the United Nations in 1992.

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22. San Marino had the world's first democratically elected communist government—a coalition between the Sammarinese Communist Party and the Sammarinese Socialist Party, which held office between 1945 and 1957.

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23. San Marino accepted thousands of civilian refugees when Allied forces went over the Gothic Line.

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24. San Marino is governed by the Constitution of San Marino, a series of six books written in Latin in the late 16th century, that dictate the country's political system, among other matters.

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25. San Marino has the smallest population of all the members of the Council of Europe.

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