|FactSnippet No. 630,226|
18 Facts About Standard Chinese
The name Modern Standard Chinese Mandarin is used to distinguish it from its historic standard.
|FactSnippet No. 630,228|
Standard Chinese's concern echoed within the Communist Party, which adopted the name Putonghua in 1955.
|FactSnippet No. 630,229|
Zhongwen or the "Standard Chinese written language", refers to all written languages of Standard Chinese .
|FactSnippet No. 630,230|
Standard Chinese have different languages in different provinces, to such an extent that they cannot understand each other.
|FactSnippet No. 630,231|
Standard Chinese has long had considerable dialectal variation, hence prestige dialects have always existed, and linguae francae have always been needed.
|FactSnippet No. 630,232|
From an official point of view, Standard Chinese serves the purpose of a lingua franca—a way for speakers of the several mutually unintelligible varieties of Chinese, as well as the ethnic minorities in China, to communicate with each other.
|FactSnippet No. 630,233|
In practice due to Standard Chinese being a "public" lingua franca, other Chinese varieties and even non-Sinitic languages have shown signs of losing ground to the standard.
|FactSnippet No. 630,234|
Lee Kuan Yew, the initiator of the campaign, admitted that to most Standard Chinese Singaporeans, Mandarin was a "stepmother tongue" rather than a true mother language.
|FactSnippet No. 630,235|
In both the PRC and Taiwan, Standard Chinese is taught by immersion starting in elementary school.
|FactSnippet No. 630,236|
Standard Chinese is a strongly analytic language, having almost no inflectional morphemes, and relying on word order and particles to express relationships between the parts of a sentence.
|FactSnippet No. 630,239|
Standard Chinese has a T–V distinction between the polite and informal "you" that comes from the Beijing dialect, although its use is quite diminished in daily speech.
|FactSnippet No. 630,240|
Standard Chinese is written with characters corresponding to syllables of the language, most of which represent a morpheme.
|FactSnippet No. 630,241|
In most cases, these characters come from those used in Classical Standard Chinese to write cognate morphemes of late Old Standard Chinese, though their pronunciation, and often meaning, has shifted dramatically over two millennia.
|FactSnippet No. 630,242|
Standard Chinese characters were traditionally read from top to bottom, right to left, but in modern usage it is more common to read from left to right.
|FactSnippet No. 630,243|