36 Facts About Whitby


Whitby is a seaside town, port and civil parish in the Scarborough borough of North Yorkshire, England.

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Whitby grew significantly as a port as a result of the alum trade and by importing coal from the Durham coalfield to process it.

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Whitby grew in size and wealth, extending its activities to include shipbuilding using local oak timber.

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Whitby benefited from trade between the Newcastle coalfield and London, both by shipbuilding and supplying transport.

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Whitby was bought by the Royal Navy 1768, refitted and renamed.

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Whitby developed as a spa town in Georgian times when three chalybeate springs were in demand for their medicinal and tonic qualities.

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For 12 years from 1847, Robert Stephenson, son of George Stephenson, engineer to the Whitby and Pickering Railway, was the Conservative MP for the town promoted by Hudson as a fellow protectionist.

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Whitby Abbey sustained considerable damage in the attack, which lasted ten minutes.

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Since 1974 Whitby has been administered by Scarborough Borough Council, one of the seven district councils in North Yorkshire.

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At the lowest level of governance Whitby has a town council which, for election and administrative purposes, is divided into six electoral wards represented by 19 councillors responsible for burial grounds, allotments, play areas and street lighting.

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Bishop of Whitby is a suffragan bishop of the Church of England Diocese of York, in the Province of York.

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Whitby is situated on the east coast of Yorkshire facing the North Sea in a deep valley at the mouth of the River Esk.

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Whitby did so by casting a spell that turned them to stone and then threw them from the cliff tops.

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Whitby Business Park is a 49-acre site located by the A171 road, 2 miles from the harbour on the southern outskirts of the town.

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East coast has limited conventional energy generation capacity, but Whitby is the closest port to a proposed development on Dogger Bank, ideally placed to provide the offshore wind power industry with support vessel operations and logistics.

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Whitby is on the River Esk and has a port used for shipping to Europe, especially Scandinavia, and it mainly handles grain, steel products, timber and potash cargo.

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In 2007, the North Yorkshire Moors Railway began a summer service between Pickering and Whitby operated by steam locomotives, as an extension of their long-standing Pickering-Grosmont service.

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Whitby is situated on the A171 road from Scarborough to Guisborough, which originally passed over the swing bridge.

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Whitby is served by the Yorkshire Coastliner bus line, operating from Leeds, Tadcaster, York, Scarborough, Bridlington, Pickering and Malton, with connections beyond Yorkshire.

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Nearest airport, about 45 miles from Whitby, is Teesside International Airport, which has a regular service from Amsterdam, Schiphol airport.

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Whitby has a three-tier school system, primary, middle and Caedmon College, which was formed in 2014 from the merger of Caedmon School and Whitby Community College.

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Whitby developed as an important bridging point of the River Esk and in 1351 permission was granted for tolls to be taken on the bridge for its maintenance.

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Whitby Lighthouse, operated by Trinity House, is located outside the town, to the south-east, on Ling Hill.

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Whitby became famous internationally as a great exponent of pictorial photography.

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Whitby exhibited his work in Tokyo, Vienna, France, the US and Great Britain winning over 60 gold, silver and bronze medals.

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In 1931 Whitby Museum was built behind the gallery by the Whitby Literary and Philosophical Society.

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Whitby Gazette was founded in 1854 by Ralph Horne, a local printer.

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Town has a strong literary tradition; it can even be said that the earliest English literature comes from Whitby as Cædmon, the first known Anglo Saxon poet was a monk at the order that used Whitby Abbey during the abbacy of St Hilda.

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Part of Bram Stoker's novel Dracula was set in Whitby, incorporating pieces of local folklore, including the beaching of the Russian ship Dmitri.

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In my time that curious railroad by the Whitby Moor was so much the more curious, that you were balanced against a counter-weight of water, and that you did it like Blondin.

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Whitby was accompanied by Caroline Graves, the inspiration for The Woman in White.

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Whitby reached a wide readership when her second novel, Between the Heather and the Northern Sea, was published in 1884.

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Trilogy of young adult novels, The Whitby Witches, makes much of the town's setting and history, embellishing local traditions whilst incorporating them into the narrative.

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Whitby has various sports facilities including the town cricket and football pitches and tennis courts.

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Whitby Town FC, formed in 1892, is a semi-professional football club which plays in the Northern Premier League at the 3,200 capacity Turnbull Ground on Upgang Lane.

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Whitby is twinned with a number of towns across the globe.

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