50 Facts About Ancient Romans


Ancient Romans Rome began as an Italic settlement, traditionally dated to 753 BC, beside the River Tiber in the Italian Peninsula.

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The Ancient Romans believed that their monarchy was elective, with seven legendary kings who were largely unrelated by blood.

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The Ancient Romans believed that from the birth of the republic, they established a two-man magistracy taking over the king's powers: the consulship.

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The Ancient Romans secured their conquests by founding Roman colonies in strategic areas, thereby establishing stable control over the region of Italy they had conquered.

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Finally, when the Ancient Romans perceived the depletion of Hannibal's supplies, they sent Scipio, who had defeated Hannibal's brother Hasdrubal in modern-day Spain, to invade the unprotected Carthaginian hinterland and force Hannibal to return to defend Carthage itself.

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Ancient Romans had a good education but became poor when his father died and left none of his will.

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Ancient Romans seized power along with the consul Lucius Cornelius Cinna and killed the other consul, Gnaeus Octavius, achieving his seventh consulship.

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Ancient Romans formed them into a new informal alliance including himself, the First Triumvirate .

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Ancient Romans became a clear menace to Pompey and was loathed by many optimates.

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Ancient Romans diminished the political influence of the senatorial class by boosting the equestrian class.

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Ancient Romans's generals were responsible for the field command; gaining such commanders as Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, Nero Claudius Drusus and Germanicus much respect from the populace and the legions.

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Ancient Romans was a popular leader in the first half of his reign, but became a crude and insane tyrant in his years controlling government.

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Ancient Romans's heir was Nero, son of Agrippina and her former husband, since Claudius' son Britannicus had not reached manhood upon his father's death.

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Ancient Romans's soldiers attacked the island and massacred the druids: men, women and children, destroyed the shrine and the sacred groves and threw many of the sacred standing stones into the sea.

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Ancient Romans was married three times, and had numerous affairs with both men and women, and, according to some rumors, even his mother.

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Ancient Romans fought as a commander in the First Jewish-Roman War along with his son Titus.

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Ancient Romans reconstructed many buildings which were uncompleted, like a statue of Apollo and the temple of Divus Claudius, both initiated by Nero.

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Ancient Romans finished the Flavian Amphitheater, which was constructed with war spoils from the First Jewish-Roman War, and promoted games celebrating the victory over the Jews that lasted for a hundred days.

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Ancient Romans constructed at least two temples in honour of Jupiter, the supreme deity in Roman religion.

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Ancient Romans's rule restored many of the liberties once assumed by Domitian and started the last golden era of Rome.

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Ancient Romans is the second of the Five Good Emperors, the first being Nerva.

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Ancient Romans freed many people who had been unjustly imprisoned by Domitian and returned private property that Domitian had confiscated; a process begun by Nerva before his death.

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Ancient Romans erected many buildings that survive to this day, such as Trajan's Forum, Trajan's Market and Trajan's Column.

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Many Ancient Romans emigrated to Hispania and stayed for generations, in some cases intermarrying with Iberians; one of these families produced the emperor Hadrian.

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Ancient Romans constructed fortifications and walls, like the celebrated Hadrian's Wall which separated Roman Britannia and the tribes of modern-day Scotland.

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Ancient Romans's many building projects included aqueducts, baths, libraries and theaters; additionally, he travelled nearly every province in the Empire to check the military and infrastructural conditions.

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Ancient Romans was a stoic philosopher and wrote the Meditations.

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Ancient Romans defeated barbarian tribes in the Marcomannic Wars as well as the Parthian Empire.

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Ancient Romans continued Severus' policy and gained respect from the legions.

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Ancient Romans ordered the death of people of his own circle, like his tutor, Cilo, and a friend of his father, Papinian.

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Ancient Romans adopted the name of Antoninus but history has named him after his Sun god Elagabalus, represented on Earth in the form of a large black stone.

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Ancient Romans adopted many behaviors of Eastern monarchs, like wearing pearls and golden sandals and robes.

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Ancient Romans's reign ended the traditional form of imperial rule, the Principate and started the Tetrarchy.

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Ancient Romans began the Christianization of the Empire and of Europe—a process concluded by the Catholic Church in the Middle Ages.

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Ancient Romans retained 28 legions, distributed through the provinces of the Empire.

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Ancient Romans Rome commanded a vast area of land, with tremendous natural and human resources.

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The Ancient Romans had clocks, which included giant public sundials and water clocks .

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Ancient Romans named week days after celestial bodies from at least the 1st century AD, a custom that was inherited by other peoples and is still found in many modern languages, including English.

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Ancient Romans believed that every person, place or thing had its own genius, or divine soul.

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Under the Empire, the Ancient Romans absorbed the mythologies of their conquered subjects, often leading to situations in which the temples and priests of traditional Italian deities existed side by side with those of foreign gods.

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The Ancient Romans knew of rice, but it was very rarely available to them.

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At mid-day to early afternoon, Ancient Romans ate cena, the main meal of the day, and at nightfall a light supper called vesperna.

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The Ancient Romans had several forms of ball playing, including one resembling handball.

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The majority, less well-off, sometimes enjoyed similar parties through clubs or associations, but for most Ancient Romans, recreational dining usually meant patronizing taverns.

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Public games and spectacles were sponsored by leading Ancient Romans who wished to advertise their generosity and court popular approval; in Rome or its provinces, this usually meant the emperor or his governors.

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Ancient Romans Rome boasted impressive technological feats, using many advancements that were lost in the Middle Ages and not rivaled again until the 19th and 20th centuries.

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Ancient Romans were renowned for their architecture, which is grouped with Greek traditions into "Classical architecture".

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Ancient Romans largely built using timber, causing a rapid decline of the woodlands surrounding Rome and in much of the Apennine Mountains due to the demand for wood for construction, shipbuilding and fire.

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Ancient Romans constructed numerous aqueducts to supply water to cities and industrial sites and to aid in their agriculture.

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Ancient Romans were particularly famous for their public baths, called thermae, which were used for both hygienic and social purposes.

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