22 Facts About Arab architecture


Early Islamic Arab architecture was influenced by Roman, Byzantine, Iranian, and Mesopotamian Arab architecture and all other lands which the Early Muslim conquests conquered in the seventh and eighth centuries.

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Some characteristics of Islamic architecture were inherited from pre-Islamic architecture of that region while some characteristics like minarets, muqarnas, arabesque, Islamic geometric motifs, pointed arch, multifoil arch, onion dome and pointed dome developed later.

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Early Islamic Arab architecture was influenced by two different ancient traditions:.

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Abbasid Arab architecture drew more heavily on the architectural traditions of Mesopotomia and Iran, which had been part of the Sassanian Empire.

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The Arab architecture style Qingjing mosque is the oldest of its kind in China and is a UNESCO world Heritage site.

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Seljuq Arab architecture synthesized various styles, both Iranian and Syrian, sometimes rendering precise attributions difficult.

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Timurid Arab architecture started with the sanctuary of Ahmed Yasawi in present-day Kazakhstan and culminated in Timur's mausoleum Gur-e Amir in Samarkand.

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One of the culminations of later Artuqid Arab architecture is the Zinciriye or Sultan Isa Madrasa in Mardin, dating from 1385.

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In contrast with Seljuk constructions further east, Anatolian Arab architecture was made of stone and more of their monuments were preserved up to modern times.

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Decoration in Anatolian Seljuk Arab architecture was concentrated on certain elements like entrance portals, windows, and the mihrabs of mosques.

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The classical Arab architecture of the Ottoman Empire was a mixture of native Turkish tradition and influences from Hagia Sophia.

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Ottoman Arab architecture is found across the empire's provinces, ranging from Eastern Europe to the Middle East to North Africa.

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The island of Jerba in Tunisia has a traditional mosque Arab architecture featuring low-lying structures built in stone and covered in whitewash.

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Mamluk Arab architecture is distinguished in part by the construction of multi-functional buildings whose floor plans became increasingly creative and complex due to the limited available space in the city and the desire to make monuments visually dominant in their urban surroundings.

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The peak of this stone dome Arab architecture was achieved under the reign of Qaytbay in the late 15th century.

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The Rasulids after them were prolific patrons of Arab architecture and perpetuated these new building types, influenced by their political links with Egypt.

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Best known style of Indo-Islamic Arab architecture is Mughal Arab architecture, mostly built between about 1560 and 1720.

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Tatar Arab architecture has evolved through the periods of the Golden Horde, the Tatar khanates and under the rule of the Russian Empire.

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Sahelian Arab architecture initially grew from the two cities of Djenne and Timbuktu.

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In Southern Somalia the preferred medieval shrine Arab architecture was the Pillar tomb style while the North predominantly built structures consisting of domes and square plans.

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Urban design and the tradition of Islamic styled Arab architecture have begun to combine to form a new 'neo-Islamic' style, where the efficiency of the urban style meshes with the spirituality and aesthetic characteristics of Islamic styles.

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Islamic Arab architecture is a neglected subject within historical studies of world Arab architecture.

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