Early Islamic Arab architecture was influenced by Roman, Byzantine, Iranian, and Mesopotamian Arab architecture and all other lands which the Early Muslim conquests conquered in the seventh and eighth centuries.
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Early Islamic Arab architecture was influenced by two different ancient traditions:.
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Seljuq Arab architecture synthesized various styles, both Iranian and Syrian, sometimes rendering precise attributions difficult.
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In contrast with Seljuk constructions further east, Anatolian Arab architecture was made of stone and more of their monuments were preserved up to modern times.
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Decoration in Anatolian Seljuk Arab architecture was concentrated on certain elements like entrance portals, windows, and the mihrabs of mosques.
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The island of Jerba in Tunisia has a traditional mosque Arab architecture featuring low-lying structures built in stone and covered in whitewash.
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Mamluk Arab architecture is distinguished in part by the construction of multi-functional buildings whose floor plans became increasingly creative and complex due to the limited available space in the city and the desire to make monuments visually dominant in their urban surroundings.
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The peak of this stone dome Arab architecture was achieved under the reign of Qaytbay in the late 15th century.
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The Rasulids after them were prolific patrons of Arab architecture and perpetuated these new building types, influenced by their political links with Egypt.
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Best known style of Indo-Islamic Arab architecture is Mughal Arab architecture, mostly built between about 1560 and 1720.
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Sahelian Arab architecture initially grew from the two cities of Djenne and Timbuktu.
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In Southern Somalia the preferred medieval shrine Arab architecture was the Pillar tomb style while the North predominantly built structures consisting of domes and square plans.
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Islamic Arab architecture is a neglected subject within historical studies of world Arab architecture.
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