30 Facts About British monarch


The current British monarch is King Charles III, who ascended the throne on 8 September 2022, upon the death of his mother, Queen Elizabeth II.

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The British monarch is able to advise, generally done in secret, to change draft laws.

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The British monarch was the nominal head of the vast British Empire, which covered a quarter of the world's land area at its greatest extent in 1921.

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Sovereign's role as a constitutional British monarch is largely limited to non-partisan functions, such as granting honours.

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The British monarch holds a weekly audience with the prime minister; no records of these audiences are taken and the proceedings remain fully confidential.

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The sovereign has the power to dismiss the prime minister, but the last time this power was exercised was in 1834, when William IV dismissed Lord Melbourne; since then, prime ministers have only left office upon their resignation, which they are expected to offer to the British monarch upon losing their majority in the House of Commons.

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In practice, the prime minister will request a member of the government resign in preference to advising the British monarch to dismiss them; such ministers are euphemistically described as "leaving the government".

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The new parliamentary session is marked by the State Opening of Parliament, during which the British monarch reads the speech from the throne in the chamber of the House of Lords, outlining the Government's legislative agenda.

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In 1950 the King's Private Secretary Sir Alan "Tommy" Lascelles, writing pseudonymously to The Times newspaper, asserted a constitutional convention: according to the Lascelles Principles, if a minority government asked to dissolve Parliament to call an early election to strengthen its position, the British monarch could refuse and would do so under three conditions.

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The last British monarch to remove the prime minister was William IV, who dismissed Lord Melbourne in 1834.

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The new British monarch continued the centralization of power begun in the Anglo-Saxon period, while the feudal system continued to develop.

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British monarch was killed whilst besieging a castle; John succeeded him.

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British monarch's campaigns conquered much French territory, but by 1374, all the gains had been lost.

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British monarch was wary of allowing his Catholic elder half-sister Mary I to succeed, and therefore drew up a will designating Lady Jane Grey as his heiress.

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British monarch pursued disastrous wars in France and she attempted to return England to Roman Catholicism .

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British monarch continued to ruthlessly eliminate opposition, and when he died in 1034 he was succeeded by his grandson, Duncan I, instead of a cousin, as had been usual.

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British monarch's forces met with disaster at Flodden Field; the king, many senior noblemen, and hundreds of soldiers were killed.

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British monarch's fled to England, and the Crown went to her infant son James VI, who was brought up as a Protestant.

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British monarch provoked opposition by ruling without Parliament from 1629 to 1640, unilaterally levying taxes and adopting controversial religious policies .

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The Pope's grant of Ireland to the English British monarch became invalid, so Henry summoned a meeting of the Irish Parliament to change his title from Lord of Ireland to King of Ireland.

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The British monarch takes an oath to preserve the Church of Scotland and he or she holds the power to appoint the Lord High Commissioner to the Church's General Assembly, but otherwise plays no part in its governance, and exerts no powers over it.

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The British monarch is usually crowned in Westminster Abbey, normally by the Archbishop of Canterbury.

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The last British monarch involuntarily removed from power was James VII and II, who fled into exile in 1688 during the Glorious Revolution.

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The British monarch prime minister, David Cameron, announced at the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2011 that all 16 Commonwealth realms, including the United Kingdom, had agreed to abolish the gender-preference rule for anyone born after the date of the meeting, 28 October 2011.

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However, since the British monarch is the supreme governor of the Church of England, the laws which restrict the throne to Protestants remain.

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Regency Acts allow for regencies in the event of a British monarch who is a minor or who is physically or mentally incapacitated.

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Until 1760 the British monarch met all official expenses from hereditary revenues, which included the profits of the Crown Estate .

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The British monarch stays at Holyrood for at least one week each year, and when visiting Scotland on state occasions.

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The British monarch chooses his or her regnal name, not necessarily his or her first name – George VI, Edward VII and Victoria did not use their first names.

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In Scotland, the British monarch uses an alternative form of the arms in which quarters I and IV represent Scotland, II England, and III Ireland.

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