18 Facts About Caliphate


The last caliphate, the Ottoman Caliphate, existed until it was abolished in 1924 by the Turkish Republic.

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Caliphate was countered with the suggestion that the Quraysh and the Ansar choose a leader each from among themselves, who would then rule jointly.

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Caliphate faced two major rebellions and was assassinated by Abd-al-Rahman ibn Muljam, a Khawarij.

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The Abbasid Caliphate had however lost its effective power outside Iraq already by c 920.

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The rule of the Caliphate is considered as the heyday of Muslim presence in the Iberian peninsula, before it fragmented into various taifas in the 11th century.

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Almohad Caliphate was a Moroccan Berber Muslim movement founded in the 12th century.

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Therefore, this constitutes a rare period in history in which the descendants of Ali and the Caliphate were united to any degree, excepting the final period of the Rashidun Caliphate under Ali himself.

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Caliphate was reputed to exercise a degree of religious tolerance towards non-Ismaili sects of Islam as well as towards Jews, Maltese Christians and Copts.

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Caliphate was claimed by the sultans of the Ottoman Empire beginning with Murad I, while recognising no authority on the part of the Abbasid caliphs of the Mamluk-ruled Cairo.

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Caliphate's claim was most fervently accepted by the Muslims of British India.

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Caliphate focussed his criticism both at those who use religious law as contemporary political proscription and at the history of rulers claiming legitimacy by the caliphate.

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Caliphate received support from Ottoman Sultans such as Suleiman II and Mehmed IV.

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Bornu Caliphate, which was headed by the Bornu Emperors, began in 1472.

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Sokoto Caliphate was an Islamic state in what is Nigeria led by Usman dan Fodio.

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The idea of the Sharifian Caliphate had been floating around since at least the 15th century.

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Caliphate claimed to be a follower-prophet subordinate to Muhammad, the prophet of Islam.

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Caliphate emerged in 1994 from the "Federated Islamic State of Anatolia", which existed in Germany from 1992 to 1994 as the renaming of the Association of Islamic Associations and Municipalities (ICCB).

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Taqiuddin al-Nabhani, the founder of a transnational political movement devoted to the revival of the Caliphate, writes that although the Shura is an important part of "the ruling structure" of the Islamic caliphate, not one of its pillars", meaning that its neglect would not make a Caliph's rule un-Islamic such as to justify a rebellion.

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