34 Facts About Crusader states


The other northern Crusader states covered what are now Syria, south-eastern Turkey, and Lebanon.

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The description "Crusader states" can be misleading, as from 1130 very few of the Frankish population were crusaders.

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The northern Crusader states covered what is part of Syria, south-eastern Turkey, and Lebanon.

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The empire had disintegrated, and two loosely unified successor Crusader states had taken its place: the Holy Roman Empire, which encompassed Germany, northern Italy, and the neighbouring lands; and France.

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Crusader states bypassed Shaizar and laid siege to Arqa to enforce the payment of a tribute.

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Foundation of these three crusader states did not change the political situation in the Levant profoundly.

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The crusader states had a special position in Western Christianity's consciousness: many Catholic aristocrats were ready to fight for the Holy Land, although in the decades following the destruction of the large Crusade of 1101 in Anatolia, only smaller groups of armed pilgrims departed for Outremer.

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Crusader states's treaties establishing Damasceneā€“Jerusalemite condominiums in debated territories created precedents for other Muslim leaders.

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Crusader states's arrival thwarted Daimbert, who crowned Baldwin as Jerusalem's first Latin king on Christmas Day 1100.

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Crusader states ceded his Principality of Galilee to the king, but reserved the right to reclaim it as a fief if he returned from Antioch within fifteen months.

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Crusader states married her to Fulk of Anjou, who had widespread western connections useful to the kingdom.

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Crusader states thwarted frequent attempts by his sister-in-law Alice to assume the regency in Antioch, including alliances with Pons of Tripoli and JoscelinII of Edessa.

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Crusader states's empire was divided between his two sons, with the younger Nur ad-Din succeeding him in Aleppo.

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Crusader states continued to remit the tribute that Damascus' former rulers had offered to the Jerusalemite kings.

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Crusader states became the most powerful baron by marrying Eschiva of Bures, the richest heiress of the kingdom, and gaining Galilee.

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Crusader states revisited plans for an invasion of Egypt and renewed his father's pact with the Byzantines.

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Crusader states wanted to be free to return to Flanders and rejected both offers.

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Crusader states attacked an Egyptian caravan and built a fleet for a naval raid into the Red Sea.

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Crusader states was William's brother and arrived only days after Hattin.

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Crusader states expanded the truces with the Franks and enhanced commercial contacts with Venice and Pisa.

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Crusader states participated in a military campaign against Cilicia, but it did not damage Leo's power.

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Crusader states did not join the Egyptian crusade but reopened the negotiations with Al-Adil over the city of Jerusalem.

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Crusader states sent Richard Filangieri, with an army, to rule the kingdom of Jerusalem as his.

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Crusader states sent an embassy from Acre to the Great Khan Guyuk, offering an anti-Muslim alliance to the Mongols.

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Crusader states reformed governance in Egypt, giving power to the elite.

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Crusader states gained power for a short while but never visited the kingdom.

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The crusader states could have hardly survived without constant support from the west.

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Crusader states estimates that by 1200 these figures had risen to 13.

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Riley-Smith divided these into the urban freemen and rural workers tied to the land; ru?asa? administered the Frankish eCrusader states, governed the native communities, and were often respected local landowners.

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Crusader states were economic centres obstructing Muslim trade by sea with the west, and by land with Mesopotamia, Syria and the urban economies of the Nile.

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Crusader states'storians believe that military architecture demonstrates a synthesis of the European, Byzantine and Muslim traditions providing the original and impressive artistic achievement of the crusades.

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Crusader states'storians believe the crusader military architecture demonstrates a synthesis of the European, Byzantine, and Muslim traditions and that it is the most impressive artistic achievement of the crusades.

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These theories support the idea that the crusader states formed part of the wider expansion of Western Europe: driven by religious reform and growing papal power.

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The debate has led historians like Claude Cahen, Jean Richard, and Christopher MacEvitt to argue the history of the crusader states is distinct from the crusades, allowing the application of other analytical techniques that place the crusader states in the context of Near Eastern politics.

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