35 Facts About Fatimid


Fatimid Caliphate was an Ismaili Shia caliphate extant from the tenth to the twelfth centuries AD.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,142

Between 902 to 909 the foundation of the Fatimid state was realized by the Kutama Berbers, under the leadership of the da'i Abu Abdallah, whose conquest of Ifriqiya paved the way for the establishment of the Caliphate.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,143

Fatimid dynasty claimed descent from Fatimah, the daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,144

Fatimid dynasty came to power as the leaders of Isma'ilism, a revolutionary Shi'a movement "which was at the same time political and religious, philosophical and social", and which originally proclaimed nothing less than the arrival of an Islamic messiah.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,145

Fatimid established an Isma'ili theocratic state based in Tazrut, operating in a way similar to previous Isma'ili missionary networks in Mesopotamia but adapted to local Kutama tribal structures.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,146

Fatimid adopted the role of a traditional Islamic ruler at the head of this organization while remaining in frequent contact with Ubayd Allah.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,147

Fatimid continued to preach to his followers, known as the Awliya' Allah, and to initiate them into Isma'ili doctrine.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,148

Ziyadat Allah III stepped up anti-Fatimid propaganda, recruited volunteers, and took measures to defend the weakly-fortified city of Kairouan.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,149

Fatimid established a new, Isma'ili Shi'a regime on behalf of his absent, and for the moment unnamed, master.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,150

Fatimid was accompanied by Ziri ibn Manad, the leader of the Zirids.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,151

Nevertheless, by the time of al-Mahdi's death in 934, the Fatimid Caliphate "had become a great power in the Mediterranean".

FactSnippet No. 1,043,152

The Fatimid focus on agriculture further increased their riches and allowed the dynasty and the Egyptians to flourish.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,153

Fatimid allied with the Qarmatis and with Arab Bedouin tribes in Syria and invaded Palestine in the spring of 977.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,154

Fatimid took Homs and Hama in 992 and defeated a combined force from Hamdanid Aleppo and Byzantine-held Antioch.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,155

Fatimid opened the Dar al-'Ilm, a library for the study of the sciences, which was in line with al-'Aziz's previous policy of cultivating this knowledge.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,156

Fatimid ordered or sanctioned the destruction of a number of churches and monasteries, which was unprecedented, and in 1009, for reasons that remain unclear, he ordered the demolition of the Church of the Holy Sephulchre in Jerusalem.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,157

Fatimid was purportedly murdered, but his body was never found.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,158

Fatimid's served as his regent until her death in 1023, at which point an alliance of courtiers and officials ruled, with al-Jarjara'i, a former finance official, at their head.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,159

Fatimid was 7 years old when he came to the throne and thus al-Jarjara'i continued to serve as vizier and his guardian.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,160

Fatimid returned to San'a where he established his family as rulers on behalf of the Fatimid caliphs.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,161

Fatimid's brother founded the city of Ta'izz, while the city of Aden became an important hub of trade between Egypt and India, which brought Egypt further wealth.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,162

In 1062, the tentative balance between the different ethnic groups within the Fatimid army collapsed and they quarreled constantly or fought each other in the streets.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,163

Fatimid commanded a large contingent of Armenian troops, many of whom were Christian.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,164

Fatimid attempted to secure the succession of his son to the vizierate as well, but this ultimately failed.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,165

Fatimid managed to carry out various administrative reforms and infrastructural projects during in the later years of al-Afdal's term, including the construction of an astronomical observatory in 1119.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,166

Fatimid accepted a pardon from the caliph and remained at the palace.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,167

Fatimid caliphs were buried in a mausoleum known as Turbat az-Za'faraan, located at the southern end of the eastern Fatimid palace in Cairo on the site now occupied by the Khan el-Khalili market.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,168

Scholars generally agree that, on the whole, Fatimid rule was highly tolerant and inclusive towards different religious communities.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,169

The Fatimid state promoted Isma'ili doctrine through a hierarchical organization.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,170

Cognizant of this, the Fatimid authorities introduced Shi'a changes to religious rituals only gradually after Jawhar's conquest.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,171

Fundamental change occurred when the Fatimid Caliphate attempted to push into Syria in the latter half of the tenth century.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,172

The Fatimid period is important in the history of Islamic art and architecture as it is one of the earliest Islamic dynasties for which enough materials survive for a detailed study of their evolution.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,173

The stylistic diversity of Fatimid art was a reflection of the wider cultural environment of the Mediterranean world at this time.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,174

Many traces of Fatimid architecture exist in both Egypt and present-day Tunisia, particularly in the former capitals of Mahdia and Cairo .

FactSnippet No. 1,043,175

Fatimid dynasty continued and flourished under Al-Musta'li until Al-Amir bi-Ahkami'l-Lah's death in 1130.

FactSnippet No. 1,043,176