49 Facts About Galveston


Galveston is a coastal resort city and port off the Southeast Texas coast on Galveston Island and Pelican Island in the U S state of Texas.

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Galveston, or Galvez' town, was named after the Spanish military and political leader in the 18th century: Bernardo de Galvez y Madrid, Count of Galvez, who was born in Macharaviaya, Malaga, in the Kingdom of Spain.

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The Port of Galveston was established in 1825 by the Congress of Mexico following its independence from Spain.

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Much of Galveston's economy is centered in the tourism, health care, shipping, and financial industries.

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Galveston is home to six historic districts containing one of the largest and historically significant collections of 19th-century buildings in the U S, with over 60 structures listed on the National Register of Historic Places, maintained by the National Park Service in the United States Department of the Interior.

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Galveston was working under the orders of Bernardo de Galvez.

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Stephen F Austin followed his predecessors in the use of "San Luis Island", but introduced "Galveston" to refer to the little village at the east end of the island.

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Galveston served as the capital of the Republic of Texas when in 1836 the interim president David G Burnet relocated his government there.

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In 1839, the City of Galveston adopted a charter and was incorporated by the Congress of the Republic of Texas.

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In 1867 Galveston suffered a yellow fever epidemic; about 1800 people died in the city.

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Galveston was a cosmopolitan city and one of the more successful during Reconstruction; the Freedmen's Bureau was headquartered here.

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The 1966 book The Galveston That Was helped encourage the preservation movement.

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City of Galveston is situated on Galveston Island, a barrier island off the Texas Gulf coast near the mainland coast.

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Galveston is home to six historic districts with over 60 structures listed representing architectural significance in the National Register of Historic Places.

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Since the early 20th century, Galveston has been popularly known as the 'Oleander City' because of a long history of cultivating Nerium oleander, a subtropical evergreen shrub which thrives on the island.

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Since 1967 the International Oleander Society has operated in Galveston, which promotes the cultivation of the plant, organizes an Oleander festival every spring and maintains a commemorative Oleander garden in the city.

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Galveston contains a large and historically significant collection of 19th-century buildings in the United States.

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Galveston is the home port to Royal Caribbean International's, MS Liberty of the Seas, which is the largest cruise ship ever based here and one of the largest ships in the world.

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In September 2012 Disney Cruise Line's Disney Magic became based in Galveston, offering four-, six-, seven-, and eight-day cruises to the Caribbean and the Bahamas.

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Moody National Bank, with headquarters in downtown Galveston, is one of the largest privately owned Texas-based banks.

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Galveston is a popular tourist destination which in 2007 brought $808 million to the local economy and attracted 5.

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Previously Galveston had a 40-acre aquarium theme park called Sea-Arama Marineworld, which opened in 1965, closed in January 1990, and was demolished in 2006.

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Galveston is ranked the number one cruise port on the Gulf Coast and fourth in the United States.

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Galveston Summer Musicals was a professional summer stock theater company performing at Galveston's Moody Gardens.

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Galveston is home to the Galveston Symphony Orchestra, an ensemble of amateur and professional musicians formed in 1979 under the direction of Richard W Pickar, Musical Director-Conductor.

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Galveston Ballet is a regional pre-professional ballet company and academy serving Galveston county.

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Galveston is the seat and second-largest city of Galveston County in population.

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Galveston is within the County Precinct 1; as of 2008 Patrick Doyle serves as the Commissioner of Precinct 1.

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Galveston is located in District 23 of the Texas House of Representatives.

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Galveston is in Texas's 14th congressional district and is represented by Republican Randy Weber as of 2012.

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Galveston is home to two post-secondary institutions offering traditional degrees in higher education.

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City of Galveston is served by Galveston Independent School District, which includes six elementary schools, two middle schools and one high school, Ball High School.

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Galveston has several state-funded charter schools not affiliated with local school districts, including kindergarten through 8th grade Ambassadors Preparatory Academy and pre-kindergarten through 8th Grade Odyssey Academy.

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The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston operates two Roman Catholic private schools, including Holy Family Catholic School and O'Connell College Preparatory School .

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Originally licensed in Galveston, KGUL was the second television station to launch in the Houston area after KPRC-TV.

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Galveston is the home of several of the largest teaching hospitals in the state, located on the campus of the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston.

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The Galveston hospital is one of only four in the chain of 22 non-profit Shriners hospitals, that provides acute burns care.

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The United States Postal Service operates several post offices in Galveston, including the Galveston Main Post Office and the Bob Lyons Post Office Station.

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Galveston is home to several historic ships: the tall ship Elissa at the Texas Seaport Museum and USS Cavalla and USS Stewart, both berthed at Seawolf Park on nearby Pelican Island.

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Galveston is ranked the number one cruise port on the Gulf Coast and fourth in the United States.

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Scholes International Airport at Galveston is a two-runway airport in Galveston; the airport is primarily used for general aviation, offshore energy transportation, and some limited military operations.

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Galveston is served by Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach service at Galveston Amtrak bus stop, with service to Houston for Amtrak's Sunset Limited, continuing further north to Longview for Amtrak's Texas Eagle.

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Galveston assigned numbers to names of north–south streets, with First Street on the far eastern side of the grid, and the numbered street names increased as they progressed westward.

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Intercity bus service to Galveston was previously operated by Kerrville Bus Company; following the company's acquisition by Coach USA, service was operated by Megabus.

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Galveston was a member of the Big State League, Gulf Coast League and Texas League .

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Galveston has been home to many important figures in Texas and U S history.

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Galveston was the grandson of Benjamin Franklin, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America and Deborah Read.

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Later Jack Johnson, nicknamed the "Galveston Giant", became the first black world heavyweight boxing champion.

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Galveston is best remembered for defeating the New York Yankees in the final game of the 1944 MLB season, giving the St Louis Browns their only pennant.

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