63 Facts About Havana


City of Havana was founded by the Spanish in the 16th century, it served as a springboard for the Spanish conquest of the Americas becoming a stopping point for Spanish galleons returning to Spain.

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Havana's name is Taino, which is an Arawakan language, but nothing else is known.

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Havana is still the prevailing name found in English language dictionaries in reference to the capital of Cuba.

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The town that became Havana originated adjacent to what was then called Puerto de Carenas, in 1519.

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Havana began as a trading port, and suffered regular attacks by buccaneers, pirates, and French corsairs.

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Less than a year after Havana was seized, the Peace of Paris was signed by the three warring powers thus ending the Seven Years' War.

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Havana's theaters featured the most distinguished actors of the age, and prosperity among the burgeoning middle-class led to expensive new classical mansions being erected.

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Havana was eventually successful in garnering the attention of influential Americans.

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Havana is remembered in Cuba however for allowing the Platt Amendment to be enacted, which ensured American political and economic dominance over Cuba.

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Havana has a tropical climate that is tempered by the island's position in the belt of the trade winds and by the warm offshore currents.

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Under the Koppen climate classification, Havana has a tropical savanna climate that closely borders on a tropical rainforest climate (Af) and a tropical monsoon climate (Am).

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Havana has diverse styles of architecture, from castles built in the 16th century, to modernist high-rise buildings.

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Riches were brought from the Spanish into and through Havana as it was a key transshipment point between the new world and old world.

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Old Havana was protected by a defensive wall begun in 1674 but had already overgrown its boundaries when it was completed in 1767, becoming the new neighborhood of Centro Habana.

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The Havana cathedral dominating the Plaza de la Catedral (1749) is the best example of Cuban Baroque.

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Many illustrious people of Havana were baptized in this church, among them the educator Jose de la Luz y Caballero.

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In 1776, it was the most important hospital in Havana, there were several generations of famous doctors that trained here.

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Havana embraced and connected the city's road networks while accentuating prominent landmarks.

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Havana's influence has left a huge mark on Havana although many of his ideas were cut short by the great depression in 1929.

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The palace of the Marquesa de Villalba is in the neoclassical style, perhaps only comparable in Havana – according to Alina Castellanos – to the Aldama Palace.

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Havana marketed his hotel as the best and most central in the city.

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Bacardi Building is Havana landmark designed by the architects Esteban Rodriguez-Castells and Rafael Fernandez Ruenes and completed in 1930.

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Havana was the son of Ana Luisa Serrano and Jose Lopez Rodriguez, "Pote", a banker with ties to publishing.

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Havana monopolized the printing of official documents such as bonds, stocks, stamps and bank notes, printed in La Casa del Timbre.

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Construction of this building, the Havana building authorities granted a permit in 1947 amending the ordinances that were then in effect in El Vedado prohibiting the construction of buildings of more than three storeys.

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Walter Gropius, during a visit he made in 1949 to Havana referred to the Radiocentro CMQ Building to defend the need for architectural teamwork and collaboration among architects: It is impossible for the architect to know all of the equipment and installation requirements; therefor, it is necessary for the cooperation of architectural specialists.

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Third Havana is that of the more affluent residential and industrial districts that spread out mostly to the west.

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Havana agglomeration grew rapidly during the first half of the 20th century reaching 1million inhabitants in the 1943 census.

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Between 2018, the most recent census, and the mid-Twentieth Century census of 1953, Havana's population has grown by an estimated 87 percent, a growth rate typical of most Latin American cities.

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Havana is one of the three Metropolitan sees on the island, with two suffragan bishoprics: Matanzas and Pinar del Rio.

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Jewish community in Havana has reduced after the Revolution from once having embraced more than 15, 000 Jews, many of whom had fled Nazi persecution and subsequently left Cuba to Miami or moved to Israel after Castro took to power in 1959.

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Havana has a diversified economy, with traditional sectors, such as manufacturing, construction, transportation and communications, and new or revived ones such as biotechnology and tourism.

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Havana's economy is still in flux, despite Raul Castro's embrace of free enterprise in 2011.

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Between 1915 and 1930, Havana hosted more tourists than any other location in the Caribbean.

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Havana has been a popular health tourism destination for more than 20 years.

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Havana has a network of suburban, interurban and long-distance rail lines.

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Havana operated a tram system until 1952, which began as a horsecar system, Ferro Carril Urbano de la Habana in 1858, merged with rival coach operator in 1863 as Empresa del Ferro-Carril Urbano y Omnibus de La Habana and later electrified in 1900 under new foreign owners as Havana Electric Railway Company.

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University of Havana, located in the Vedado section of Havana, was established in 1728 and was regarded as a leading institution of higher learning in the Western Hemisphere.

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In 1555, Old Havana was destroyed by the French corsair Jacques de Sores.

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The narrow streets of Old Havana contain many buildings, accounting for perhaps as many as one-third of the approximately 3, 000 buildings found in Old Havana.

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The surface of the Royal Arsenal of Havana formed a kind of quadrilateral, which occupied approximately nine hectares.

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Originally the cathedral was called Plaza de la Cienaga, since it was there where the people of Havana came to stock up on water, brought by the Zanja Real.

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Thus the Spanish government was forced to find an alternative solution for the supply of water to Old Havana, creating in 1835, the aqueduct of Fernando VII and the Albear in 1858 which were joined in 1878.

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The University of Havana took over between 1850 and 1871, during this time it passed into the hands of the Spanish government for a period of 8 years.

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Havana worked on the master plan of the city with the aim to create a harmonic balance between classical forms and the tropical landscape of Havana.

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Havana spent his youth in Barcelona, where he began his artistic training in the well-regarded Escola de la Llotja.

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Havana later moved to Madrid, where he received more training under Joaquin Sorolla.

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Havana married Irene Narezo Dragone, a painter as well, of a distinguished family and good economic position.

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Havana's paintings are rich with musical and poetic references influenced by 'Greek mythology, orphic mysteries and fantasies of Asia, where we are led by Gustave Moreau' remarked Louis Vauxcelles.

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Havana leased a splendid residence near the Porte de Passy in the 16th arrondissement of Paris, where he established his studio.

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Havana often painted in a darkened room, using artificial light to emphasize the contrast between bodies and their setting.

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Havana was an early member of the "Vanguardia" movement of artists who, beginning in the 1920s, combined European concepts of Modern art with native Primitivism to create a distinctly Cuban aesthetic.

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Havana was given solo exhibitions at the University of Havana, the Association of Reporters (1951), and the Lex Gallery (1959), and was the subject of a career retrospective at the national galleries in 1959.

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Havana dramatically synthesized the Surrealist and Cubist strategies while incorporating the iconography and spirit of Afro-Cuban religion.

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Havana held the belief that society focused too much on the individual and sought to show humanity as a whole in his artwork.

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Havana dramatically synthesized the Surrealist and Cubist strategies while incorporating the iconography and spirit of Afro-Cuban religion.

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Havana held the belief that society focused too much on the individual and sought to show humanity as a whole in his artwork.

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Havana's is best known for her portrayals of Giselle and the ballet version of Carmen.

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CMQ was a Cuban radio and television station located in Havana, Cuba, reaching an audience in the 1940s and 1950s, attracting viewers and listeners with a program that ranged from music and news dissemination.

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Havana was founded on March 12, 1933, by Miguel Gabriel and Angel Cambo.

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Havana left his hometown at the age of 18, shortly after the Spanish Civil War broke out, to join his family in Cuba.

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Havana's stories were closely related to the Cuban culture of the period, encompassing written press, theater, and Cuban radio.

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Havana Film Festival is a Cuban festival that focuses on the promotion of Latin American filmmakers.

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