38 Facts About Krakow


Krakow was the official capital of Poland until 1596 and has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish academic, economic, cultural and artistic life.

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Krakow is classified as a global city with the ranking of "high sufficiency" by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.

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Krakow is home to Jagiellonian University, one of the oldest universities in the world and traditionally Poland's most reputable institution of higher learning.

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In 2013, Krakow was officially approved as a UNESCO City of Literature.

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Name of Krakow is traditionally derived from Krakus, the legendary founder of Krakow and a ruler of the tribe of Lechitians.

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In English, a person born or living in Krakow is a Cracovian .

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The first written record of the city's name dates back to 965, when Krakow was described as a notable commercial centre controlled first by Moravia, but captured by a Bohemian duke Boleslaus I in 955.

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Politically freer Krakow became a Polish national symbol and a centre of culture and art, known frequently as the "Polish Athens" .

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Austrian rule in Krakow ended in 1918 when the Polish Liquidation Committee assumed power.

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Krakow was an influential centre of Jewish spiritual life, with all its manifestations of religious observance - from Orthodox to Hasidic and Reform Judaism - flourishing side by side.

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Krakow is one of the few medieval towns in Poland that does not have a historic Ratusz town hall in its Main Square, because it has not survived the Partitions of Poland.

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For many centuries Krakow was the royal capital of Poland, until Sigismund III Vasa relocated the court to Warsaw in 1596.

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The Route begins at St Florian's Church outside the northern flank of the old city-walls in the medieval suburb of Kleparz; passes the Barbican of Krakow built in 1499, and enters Stare Miasto through the Florian Gate.

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Early modernist style in Krakow is represented by such masterpieces as the Palace of Art by Franciszek Maczynski and the 'House under the Globe'.

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The President of Krakow, re-elected for his fourth term in 2014, is Jacek Majchrowski.

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Responsibilities of Krakow's president include drafting and implementing resolutions, enacting city bylaws, managing the city budget, employing city administrators, and preparing against floods and natural disasters.

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Krakow is divided into 18 administrative districts or boroughs, each with a degree of autonomy within its own municipal government.

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Oldest neighborhoods of Krakow were incorporated into the city before the late-18th century.

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Krakow was shot by an archer of the invading Tatar forces whilst playing, the bugle call breaking off at the moment he died.

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Krakow is one of Poland's most important economic centres and the economic hub of the Lesser Poland region.

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Krakow has a long history of entrepreneurship, perhaps best reflected in the fact the most important square in the city is called the Main Market Square .

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Krakow moved to Montreal in 1951 where he founded Federal Construction Ltd.

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Krakow was recognised as a major philanthropist in Montreal and supported the arts, education and medicine, for example with this Gift of Old Masters to the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts.

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Krakow is one of the co-location centres of Knowledge and Innovation Community of The European Institute of Innovation and Technology .

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Already in the Middle Ages, the population of Krakow consisting of numerous ethnic groups, began to grow rapidly.

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The churches of Krakow comprise over 120 places of worship of which over 65 were built in the 20th century.

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Krakow contains an outstanding collection of monuments of Jewish sacred architecture unmatched anywhere in Poland.

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Krakow was an influential centre of Jewish spiritual life before the outbreak of World War II, with all its manifestations of religious observance from Orthodox to Hasidic and Reform flourishing side by side.

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Krakow was named the official European Capital of Culture for the year 2000 by the European Union.

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Krakow was the residence of two Polish Nobel laureates in literature, Wislawa Szymborska and Czeslaw Milosz; a third Nobel laureate, the Yugoslav writer Ivo Andric, lived and studied in Krakow.

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Krakow is home to two major Polish festivals of early music presenting forgotten Baroque oratorios and operas: Opera Rara, and Misteria Paschalia.

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Academy of Music in Krakow, founded in 1888, is known worldwide as the alma mater of the contemporary Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki and it is the only one in Poland to have two winners of the International Chopin Competition in Warsaw among its alumni.

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Krakow was the host city of the 2014 FIVB Men's Volleyball World Championship and 2016 European Men's Handball Championship.

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Krakow has a number of additional, equally valued sports teams including twelve-time Polish ice hockey champions Cracovia and the twenty-time women's basketball champions Wisla Krakow.

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Poland's first F1 racing driver Robert Kubica was born and brought up in Krakow, as was former WWE tag team champion Ivan Putski, and Top 10 ranked women's tennis player Agnieszka Radwanska.

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Construction of a new Tauron Arena Krakow began in May 2010; for concerts, indoor athletics, hockey, basketball, futsal and other events.

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Krakow is referred to by various names in different languages.

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Krakow is twinned, or maintains close relations, with 36 cities around the world:.

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