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51 Facts About Malawi
The name Malawi comes from the Maravi, an old name for the Chewa people who inhabit the area.
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Part of Africa now known as Malawi was settled around the 10th century by migrating Bantu groups.
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Today, Malawi has a democratic, multi-party republic headed by an elected president.
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Since 2005, Malawi has developed several programs that focus on addressing these issues, and the country's outlook appears to be improving: Key indicators of progress in the economy, education, and healthcare were seen in 2007 and 2008.
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Malawi has a low life expectancy and high infant mortality.
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Malawi was released in 1960 and asked to help draft a new constitution for Nyasaland, with a clause granting Africans the majority in the colony's Legislative Council.
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Under a new constitution, Malawi became a republic with Banda as its first president.
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Malawi is a unitary presidential republic under the leadership of President Lazarus Chakwera The current constitution was put into place on 18 May 1995.
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The members of the Cabinet of Malawi are appointed by the President and can be from either inside or outside of the legislature.
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In 2012, Malawi was ranked 7th of all countries in sub-Saharan Africa in the Ibrahim Index of African Governance, an index that measures several variables to provide a comprehensive view of the governance of African countries.
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In 2007, Malawi established diplomatic ties with China, and Chinese investment in the country has continued to increase since then, despite concerns regarding the treatment of workers by Chinese companies and competition of Chinese business with local companies.
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Donors to Malawi include the United States, Canada, Germany, Iceland, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Ireland, the UK and Flanders, as well as international institutions such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the European Union, the African Development Bank and UN organizations.
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Malawi tends to view economic and political stability in southern Africa as a necessity and advocates peaceful solutions through negotiation.
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Malawi had one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world.
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Great Rift Valley runs through the country from north to south, and to the east of the valley lies Lake Malawi, making up over three-quarters of Malawi's eastern boundary.
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Malawi has two sites listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
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Malawi's climate is hot in the low-lying areas in the south of the country and temperate in the northern highlands.
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Animal life indigenous to Malawi includes mammals such as elephants, hippos, antelopes, buffaloes, big cats, monkeys, rhinos, and bats; a great variety of birds including birds of prey, parrots and falcons, waterfowl and large waders, owls and songbirds.
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Lake Malawi has been described as having one of the richest lake fish faunas in the world, being the home for some 200 mammals, 650 birds, 30+ mollusk, and 5, 500+ plant species.
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Malawi was ranked the 119th safest investment destination in the world in the March 2011 Euromoney Country Risk rankings.
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Malawi has one of the lowest per capita incomes in the world, although economic growth was estimated at 9.
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Many analysts believe that economic progress for Malawi depends on its ability to control population growth.
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In January 2015 southern Malawi was devastated by the worst floods in living memory, stranding at least 20, 000 people.
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Main agricultural products of Malawi include tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea, corn, potatoes, sorghum, cattle and goats.
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In 2008, Malawi began testing cars that ran solely on ethanol, and initial results are promising, and the country is continuing to increase its use of ethanol.
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In 2006, in response to disastrously low agricultural harvests, Malawi began a programme of fertilizer subsidies, the Fertiliser Input Subsidy Programme that was designed to re-energise the land and boost crop production.
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In 2016, Malawi was hit by a drought, and in January 2017, the country reported an outbreak of armyworms around Zomba.
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Malawi has 700 kilometres of waterways on Lake Malawi and along the Shire River.
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Radio, television and postal services in Malawi are regulated by the Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority.
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Malawi was ranked 107th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, up from 118th in 2019.
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Malawi is conscious of the need to attract more foreign investment to foster technology transfer, develop human capital and empower the private sector to drive economic growth.
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Malawi Innovation Challenge Fund is a competitive facility, through which businesses in Malawi's agricultural and manufacturing sectors can apply for grant funding for innovative projects with the potential for making a strong social impact and helping the country to diversify its narrow range of exports.
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Malawi has a population of over 19 million, with a growth rate of 3.
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Malawi's estimated 2016 population is, based on most recent estimates, 18, 091, 575.
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Malawi's population is made up of the Chewa, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, and Ngonde native ethnic groups, as well as populations of Chinese and Europeans.
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Malawi is a majority Christian country, with a significant Muslim minority.
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Status of women throughout the world, including Malawi, is measured using a wide range of indices that cover areas of social, economic, and political contexts.
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Current social status of women in Malawi is effectively estimated through indices such as female access to schooling, maternal mortality rate, and life expectancy of women from birth.
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The life expectancy of women from birth in Malawi has seen significant growth over the past decade as the life expectancy of women in 2010 was approximately 58 years old whilst the most recent data from 2017 finds that women in Malawi's average life expectancy grew to 66 years.
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The maternal mortality rate in Malawi which is particularly low even when compared with states at similar points in the development process.
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The Malawi army originated from British colonial units formed before independence, and is made up of two rifle regiments and one parachute regiment.
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In 2017, Malawi signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.
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From 1964 to 2010, and again since 2012, the Flag of Malawi is made up of three equal horizontal stripes of black, red, and green with a red rising sun superimposed in the center of the black stripe.
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Indigenous ethnic groups of Malawi have a rich tradition of basketry and mask carving, and some of these goods are used in traditional ceremonies still performed by native peoples.
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Lake Malawi is a source of fish including chambo, usipa (similar to sardines), and mpasa (similar to salmon and kampango).
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