43 Facts About Oxford University


University of Oxford is a collegiate research university in Oxford, England.

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Oxford University is made up of thirty-nine semi-autonomous constituent colleges, six permanent private halls, and a range of academic departments which are organised into four divisions.

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Oxford University has educated a wide range of notable alumni, including 29 prime ministers of the United Kingdom and many heads of state and government around the world.

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Oxford University is the home of numerous scholarships, including the Rhodes Scholarship, one of the oldest international graduate scholarship programmes.

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The method of teaching at Oxford was transformed from the medieval scholastic method to Renaissance education, although institutions associated with the university suffered losses of land and revenues.

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Oxford University was a centre of the Royalist party during the English Civil War, while the town favoured the opposing Parliamentarian cause.

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Oxford University said, "Few medical men, few solicitors, few persons intended for commerce or trade, ever dreamed of passing through a university career.

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Oxford University might have mixed with them in his sports, in his studies, and perhaps in his debating society; and any associations which he had this formed had been useful to him at the time, and might be a source of satisfaction to him in after life.

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Mid-19th century saw the impact of the Oxford University Movement, led among others by the future Cardinal John Henry Newman.

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University of Oxford began to award doctorates for research in the first third of the 20th century.

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List of distinguished scholars at the University of Oxford is long and includes many who have made major contributions to politics, the sciences, medicine, and literature.

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Oxford University passed a statute in 1875 allowing examinations for women at roughly undergraduate level; for a brief period in the early 1900s, this allowed the "steamboat ladies" to receive ad eundem degrees from the Oxford University of Dublin.

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In June 2017, Oxford University announced that starting the following academic year, history students may choose to sit a take-home exam in some courses, with the intention that this will equalise rates of firsts awarded to women and men at Oxford University.

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Oxford University is a "city university" in that it does not have a main campus; instead, colleges, departments, accommodation, and other facilities are scattered throughout the city centre.

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Oxford University Parks are a 70-acre parkland area in the northeast of the city, near Keble College, Somerville College and Lady Margaret Hall.

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Oxford University's formal head is the Chancellor, currently Lord Patten of Barnes, though as at most British universities, the Chancellor is a titular figure and is not involved with the day-to-day running of the university.

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The Oxford University Council is the executive policy-forming body, which consists of the vice-chancellor as well as heads of departments and other members elected by Congregation, in addition to observers from the students' union.

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University of Oxford is a "public university" in the sense that it receives some public money from the government, but it is a "private university" in the sense that it is entirely self-governing and, in theory, could choose to become entirely private by rejecting public funds.

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Oxford University has faced criticism, as noted above, over its decision to accept donations from fossil fuel companies having received £21.

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Oxford University accepted £6 million from The Alexander Mosley Charitable Trust in 2021.

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Oxford University is a member of the Russell Group of research-led British universities, the G5, the League of European Research Universities, and the International Alliance of Research Universities.

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Oxford University has the lowest offer rate of all Russell Group universities.

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Oxford University has come under criticism for the number of students it accepts from private schools; for instance, Laura Spence's rejection from the university in 2000 led to widespread debate.

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UCAS data showed that Oxford University is more likely than comparable institutions to make offers to ethnic minority and socially disadvantaged pupils.

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Oxford University offers the Clarendon Scholarship which is open to graduate applicants of all nationalities.

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In 2016, Oxford University announced that it is to run its first free online economics course as part of a "massive open online course" scheme, in partnership with a US online university network.

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The term "scholar" in relation to Oxford University therefore has a specific meaning as well as the more general meaning of someone of outstanding academic ability.

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Oxford University maintains a number of museums and galleries, open for free to the public.

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Oxford University Press is the world's second oldest and currently the largest university press by the number of publications.

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Oxford University was ranked 13th in the world in 2022 by the Nature Index, which measures the largest contributors to papers published in 82 leading journals.

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Over 100 Oxford University alumni were elected to the House of Commons in 2010.

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Oxford University has produced a large number of distinguished jurists, judges and lawyers around the world.

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The twelve Lord Chancellors and nine Lord Chief Justices that have been educated at Oxford University include Thomas Bingham, Stanley Buckmaster, Thomas More, Thomas Wolsey, Gavin Simonds.

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Andrew Wiles, who proved Fermat's Last Theorem, was educated at Oxford University and is currently the Regius Professor and Royal Society Research Professor in Mathematics at Oxford University.

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Oxford University is associated with eleven winners of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, six in physics and sixteen in medicine.

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Scientists who performed research in Oxford include chemist Dorothy Hodgkin who received her Nobel Prize for "determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances", Howard Florey who shared the 1945 Nobel prize "for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases", and John B Goodenough, who shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2019 "for the development of lithium-ion batteries".

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Notable scientists who spent brief periods at Oxford University include Albert Einstein developer of general theory of relativity and the concept of photons; and Erwin Schrodinger who formulated the Schrodinger equation and the Schrodinger's cat thought experiment.

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Oxford University has produced at least 12 saints, 19 English cardinals, and 20 Archbishops of Canterbury, the most recent Archbishop being Rowan Williams, who studied at Wadham College and was later a Canon Professor at Christ Church.

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The Oxford University Movement was closely associated with the Oriel fellows John Henry Newman, Edward Bouverie Pusey and John Keble.

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Rowers from Oxford University who have won gold at the Olympics or World Championships include Michael Blomquist, Ed Coode, Chris Davidge, Hugh Edwards, Jason Flickinger, Tim Foster, Luka Grubor, Christopher Liwski, Matthew Pinsent, Pete Reed, Jonny Searle, Andrew Triggs Hodge, Jake Wetzel, Michael Wherley, and Barney Williams.

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Three of the most well-known adventurers and explorers who attended Oxford are Walter Raleigh, one of the most notable figures of the Elizabethan era; T E Lawrence, whose life was the basis of the 1962 film Lawrence of Arabia; and Thomas Coryat.

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Oxford University was mentioned in fiction as early as 1400 when Chaucer, in Canterbury Tales, referred to a "Clerk [student] of Oxenford".

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Oxford University is parodied in Terry Pratchett's Discworld series with "Unseen Oxford University" and "Brazeneck College".

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