Selangor, known by its Arabic honorific Darul Ehsan, or "Abode of Sincerity", is one of the 13 states of Malaysia.
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State of Selangor has the largest economy in Malaysia in terms of gross domestic product, with RM 239.
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The Malay Annals indicates that the Selangor area was under the control of the Sultanate of Malacca in the 15th century; however, Selangor at that time was not a unified domain—separate river states such as Klang and Jeram existed in the region.
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Selangor is unique as the only state on the Malay Peninsula that was founded by the Bugis.
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In 1854, the Sultan of Selangor granted Raja Abdullah control of Klang, passing over Raja Mahdi, the son of the chief who previously ruled Klang, which led to the Selangor Civil War fought between 1867 and 1874.
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In 1874, Sultan Abdul Samad of Selangor accepted a British Resident in a system that allowed the British to govern while the Sultan remained the apparent ruler.
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In 1896, largely through the coordination of the Resident Frank Swettenham, Selangor united with Negeri Sembilan, Perak and Pahang to form the Federated Malay States, with Kuala Lumpur its capital.
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In 1974, Selangor relinquished Kuala Lumpur to the federal government.
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The Sultan of Selangor commemorated the city's transfer by building an archway on the borders of the new Federal Territory and Selangor; this archway is the Kota Darul Ehsan that straddles a section of the Federal Highway between Bangsar and Petaling Jaya.
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Selangor is bordered north by Bernam River from Perak, south by Sepang River from Negeri Sembilan, east by the Titiwangsa Mountains and Strait of Malacca on the west.
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Ecoforests that are situated in Selangor are Gabai Waterfall, Taman Rimba Templer, Taman Rimba Ampang, Taman Rimba Komanwel, Sungai Chongkak, Sungai Tua, Sungai Sendat, Sungai Tekala, Kanching, Gunung Nuang and Bukit Tabur.
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Reserve forest in Selangor is managed and conserved by the state's forestry department, as the National Forestry Act 1984 of the federal constitution provides that forestry comes under the jurisdiction of the respective state.
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Selangor has a few declared protected areas in order to safeguard biodiversity and wildlife.
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Selangor is Malaysia's most populous state; it has the nation's biggest conurbation, the Klang Valley.
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Selangor's population has increased considerably in recent decades, due mostly to the development of the Klang Valley.
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Selangor's population includes ethnic Chinese and Indian influences; those two groups form the largest minority populations.
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Economy of Selangor is a progressive market economy whose core sectors are commerce and agriculture.
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Selangor is the richest state in Malaysia in terms of gross domestic product per capita .
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On 27 August 2005, Selangor was officially declared the first developed state in Malaysia by the state government.
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Selangor is not a major producer of rice; however, paddy fields exist in Kuala Selangor and Sabak Bernam.
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Selangor is well known as a haven for massage and spa lovers.
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Selangor is linked to the rest of Malaysia by comprehensive air, road and rail connections.
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Selangor has the domestic Subang Airport, which is a major hub for corporate and private aviation in south-east Asia.
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Selangor is accessible by the Rapid KL Light Rail Transit network, which is composed of the Ampang Line, the Kelana Jaya Line and the newly completed Sungai Buloh-Kajang Mass Rapid Transit Network.
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Selangor has several tertiary education institutions, most of which are concentrated in major towns and cities.
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Traditional Malay cuisine in Selangor has influences from Johor, Bugis, Jawa and Minangkabau.
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Commercial radio stations available in Selangor are operated by media companies such as Astro Radio, Star Media Radio Group, Media Prima, Suara Johor and BFM Media.
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