14 Facts About Beaux-Arts architecture


Beaux-Arts architecture style evolved from the French classicism of the Style Louis XIV, and then French neoclassicism beginning with Style Louis XV and Style Louis XVI.

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The Academy held the competition for the Grand Prix de Rome in Beaux-Arts architecture, which offered prize winners a chance to study the classical Beaux-Arts architecture of antiquity in Rome.

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Beaux-Arts architecture training emphasized the production of quick conceptual sketches, highly finished perspective presentation drawings, close attention to the program, and knowledgeable detailing.

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Beaux-Arts architecture building decoration presenting images of the Roman goddesses Pomona and Diana.

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Beaux-Arts architecture depended on sculptural decoration along conservative modern lines, employing French and Italian Baroque and Rococo formulas combined with an impressionistic finish and realism.

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Since Leopold was the grandson of Louis Philippe I of France, he loved this specific building style which is similar to and has its roots in the Beaux-Arts architecture that has been realized in the 17th and 18th century for the French crown.

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Germany is one of the countries where the Beaux-Arts style was well received, along with Baroque Revival architecture.

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Beaux-Arts architecture was very prominent in public buildings in Canada in the early 20th century.

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Beaux-Arts architecture had a strong influence on architecture in the United States because of the many prominent American architects who studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, including Henry Hobson Richardson, John Galen Howard, Daniel Burnham, and Louis Sullivan.

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Beaux-Arts architecture city planning, with its Baroque insistence on vistas punctuated by symmetry, eye-catching monuments, axial avenues, uniform cornice heights, a harmonious "ensemble, " and a somewhat theatrical nobility and accessible charm, embraced ideals that the ensuing Modernist movement decried or just dismissed.

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The first American university to institute a Beaux-Arts architecture curriculum is the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1893, when the French architect Constant-Desire Despradelle was brought to MIT to teach.

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The Beaux-Arts architecture curriculum was begun at Columbia University, the University of Pennsylvania, and elsewhere.

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An ecclesiastical variant on the Beaux-Arts style is Minneapolis' Basilica of St Mary, the first basilica in the United States, which was designed by Franco-American architect Emmanuel Louis Masqueray and opened in 1914, and a Freemason temple variant, the Plainfield Masonic Temple, in Plainfield, New Jersey, designed by John E Minott in 1927.

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The following individuals, students of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts architecture, are identified as creating work characteristic of the Beaux-Arts architecture style within the United States:.

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