19 Facts About Beaux-Arts style


Beaux-Arts style evolved from the French classicism of the Style Louis XIV, and then French neoclassicism beginning with Style Louis XV and Style Louis XVI.

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The style of instruction that produced Beaux-Arts architecture continued without major interruption until 1968.

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Beaux-Arts style heavily influenced the architecture of the United States in the period from 1880 to 1920.

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Beaux-Arts style training made great use of agrafes, clasps that link one architectural detail to another; to interpenetration of forms, a Baroque habit; to "speaking architecture" in which supposed appropriateness of symbolism could be taken to literal-minded extremes.

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Beaux-Arts style training emphasized the production of quick conceptual sketches, highly finished perspective presentation drawings, close attention to the program, and knowledgeable detailing.

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Beaux-Arts style building decoration presenting images of the Roman goddesses Pomona and Diana.

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Beaux-Arts style architecture depended on sculptural decoration along conservative modern lines, employing French and Italian Baroque and Rococo formulas combined with an impressionistic finish and realism.

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Since Leopold was the grandson of Louis Philippe I of France, he loved this specific building Beaux-Arts style which is similar to and has its roots in the architecture that has been realized in the 17th and 18th century for the French crown.

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Germany is one of the countries where the Beaux-Arts style was well received, along with Baroque Revival architecture.

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The Beaux-Arts style was especially popular and most prominently featured in the now non-existent region of Prussia during the German Empire.

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The National Bank of Romania Palace on Strada Lipscani, built between 1883 and 1885 is a good example of this Beaux-Arts style, decorated not just with columns, but with allegorical statues placed in niches, that depict Agriculture, Industry, Commerce and Justice.

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Beaux-Arts style was very prominent in public buildings in Canada in the early 20th century.

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Beaux-Arts style architecture had a strong influence on architecture in the United States because of the many prominent American architects who studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts style, including Henry Hobson Richardson, John Galen Howard, Daniel Burnham, and Louis Sullivan.

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Richardson evolved a highly personal Beaux-Arts style freed of historicism that was influential in early Modernism.

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Beaux-Arts style city planning, with its Baroque insistence on vistas punctuated by symmetry, eye-catching monuments, axial avenues, uniform cornice heights, a harmonious "ensemble, " and a somewhat theatrical nobility and accessible charm, embraced ideals that the ensuing Modernist movement decried or just dismissed.

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The first American university to institute a Beaux-Arts style curriculum is the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1893, when the French architect Constant-Desire Despradelle was brought to MIT to teach.

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The Beaux-Arts style curriculum was begun at Columbia University, the University of Pennsylvania, and elsewhere.

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Cincinnati has a number of notable Beaux-Arts style buildings, including the Hamilton County Memorial Building in the Over-the-Rhine neighborhood, and the former East End Carnegie library in the Columbia-Tusculum neighborhood.

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An ecclesiastical variant on the Beaux-Arts style is Minneapolis' Basilica of St Mary, the first basilica in the United States, which was designed by Franco-American architect Emmanuel Louis Masqueray and opened in 1914, and a Freemason temple variant, the Plainfield Masonic Temple, in Plainfield, New Jersey, designed by John E Minott in 1927.

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