23 Facts About Cheshire


Cheshire, archaically known as the County Palatine of Chester, is both a ceremonial and historic county in northwest England.

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Cheshire's name was originally derived from an early name for Chester, and was first recorded as Legeceasterscir in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, meaning "the shire of the city of legions".

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The Domesday Book records Cheshire as having two complete Hundreds that later became the principal part of Flintshire.

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In 1069 local resistance in Cheshire was finally put down using draconian measures as part of the Harrying of the North.

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Cheshire has no county-wide elected local council, but it does have a Lord Lieutenant under the Lieutenancies Act 1997 and a High Sheriff under the Sheriffs Act 1887.

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Cheshire's confirmed she had not changed her mind on 19 December 2007 and therefore the proposal to split two-tier Cheshire into two would proceed.

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Cheshire covers a boulder clay plain separating the hills of North Wales and the Peak District .

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Highest point in the historic county of Cheshire was Black Hill near Crowden in the Cheshire Panhandle, a long eastern projection of the county which formerly stretched along the northern side of Longdendale and on the border with the West Riding of Yorkshire.

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Cheshire contains portions of two green belt areas surrounding the large conurbations of Merseyside and Greater Manchester and Stoke-on-Trent, these were first drawn up from the 1950s.

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In terms of Roman Catholic church administration, most of Cheshire falls into the Roman Catholic Diocese of Shrewsbury.

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Cheshire has a diverse economy with significant sectors including agriculture, automotive, bio-technology, chemical, financial services, food and drink, ICT, and tourism.

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Chemical industry in Cheshire was founded in Roman times, with the mining of salt in Middlewich and Northwich.

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Also within Cheshire are manufacturing plants for Jaguar and Vauxhall Motors in Ellesmere Port.

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Cheshire West has a fairly large proportion of residents who work in Liverpool and Manchester, while the town of Northwich and area of Cheshire East falls more within Manchester's sphere of influence.

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Cheshire has produced musicians such as Joy Division members Ian Curtis and Stephen Morris, One Direction member Harry Styles, the members of The 1975, Take That member Gary Barlow, The Cult member Ian Astbury, Catfish and the Bottlemen member Van McCann, Girls Aloud member Nicola Roberts, Stephen Hough, John Mayall, The Charlatans member Tim Burgess, and Nigel Stonier.

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Actors from Cheshire include Russ Abbot, Warren Brown, Julia Chan, Ray Coulthard, Daniel Craig, Tim Curry, Wendy Hiller, Tom Hughes, Tim McInnerny, Ben Miller, Pete Postlethwaite, Adam Rickitt, John Steiner, and Ann Todd.

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Royal Cheshire Show, an annual agricultural show, has taken place since the 1800s.

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Athletes native to Cheshire include sailor Ben Ainslie, cricketer Ian Botham, rock climber Shauna Coxsey, boxer Tyson Fury, oarsman Matt Langridge, mountaineer George Mallory, marathon runner Paula Radcliffe, cyclist Sarah Storey, and hurdler Shirley Strong.

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Cheshire has one Football League team, Crewe Alexandra FC, which plays in League One.

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Cheshire is represented in the highest level basketball league in the UK, the BBL, by Cheshire Phoenix .

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Cheshire has produced a military hero in Norman Cyril Jones, a World War I flying ace who won the Distinguished Flying Cross.

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The Roman fortress and walls of Chester, perhaps the earliest building works in Cheshire remaining above ground, are constructed from purple-grey sandstone.

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The Cheshire Ring is formed from the Rochdale, Ashton, Peak Forest, Macclesfield, Trent and Mersey and Bridgewater canals.

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