Djibouti, officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in the Horn of Africa, bordered by Somalia to the south, Ethiopia to the southwest, Eritrea in the north, and the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden to the east.
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In 1958, on the eve of neighboring Somalia's independence in 1960, a referendum was held in Djibouti to decide whether to remain with France or to be an independent country.
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Djibouti is a unitary presidential republic, with executive power resting in the presidency, which is by turn dominant over the cabinet, and legislative power in both the government and the National Assembly.
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Djibouti has a dominant-party system, with the People's Rally for Progress controlling the legislature and the executive since its foundation in 1979 .
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In recent years, Djibouti has improved its training techniques, military command and information structures and has taken steps to becoming more self-reliant in supplying its military to collaborate with the United Nations in peacekeeping missions, or to provide military help to countries that officially ask for it.
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China's presence in Djibouti is tied to strategic ports to ensure the security of Chinese assets.
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Djibouti is partitioned into six administrative regions, with Djibouti city representing one of the official regions.
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Djibouti's climate is significantly warmer and has significantly less seasonal variation than the world average.
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Djibouti has either a hot semi-arid climate or a hot desert climate, although temperatures are much moderated at the highest elevations.
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Djibouti was ranked the 177th safest investment destination in the world in the March 2011 Euromoney Country Risk rankings.
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Air Djibouti is the flag carrier of Djibouti and is the country's largest airline.
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Telecommunications in Djibouti fall under the authority of the Ministry of Communication.
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Djibouti has an installed electrical power generating capacity of 126 MW from fuel oil and diesel plants.
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Djibouti has received a massive influx of migrants from Yemen.
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