48 Facts About Italian Republic


Italy, officially the Italian Republic or the Republic of Italy, is a country that consists of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and several islands surrounding it; its territory largely coincides with the homonymous geographical region.

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Italian Republic Peninsula, named Italia, was consolidated into a single entity during the Roman expansion and conquest of new lands at the expense of the other Italic tribes, Etruscans, Celts, and Greeks.

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Until the 13th century, Italian Republic politics was dominated by the relations between the Holy Roman Emperors and the Papacy, with most of the Italian Republic city-states siding with the former or with the latter for momentary convenience.

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The Italian Republic Renaissance marked the transition from the medieval period to the modern age as Europe recovered, economically and culturally, from the crises of the Late Middle Ages and entered the Early Modern Period.

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The Italian Republic polities were now regional states effectively ruled by Princes, de facto monarchs in control of trade and administration, and their courts became major centres of the Arts and Sciences.

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The Italian Republic princedoms represented a first form of modern states as opposed to feudal monarchies and multinational empires.

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Italian Republic Renaissance exercised a dominant influence on subsequent European painting and sculpture for centuries afterwards, with artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, Brunelleschi, Botticelli, Michelangelo, Raphael, Giotto, Donatello, and Titian, and architects such as Filippo Brunelleschi, Leon Battista Alberti, Andrea Palladio, and Donato Bramante.

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Italian Republic notably avoided the collapse of the League in the aftermath of the Pazzi Conspiracy and during the aborted invasion of Italy by the Turks.

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Italian Republic economy declined during the 1600s and 1700s, as the peninsula was excluded from the rising Atlantic slave trade.

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Italian Republic unification was completed and shortly afterwards Italy's capital was moved to Rome.

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The war on the Italian Republic Front was initially inconclusive, as the Italian Republic army got stuck in a long attrition war in the Alps, making little progress and suffering heavy losses.

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The rhetoric of Mutilated victory was adopted by Benito Mussolini and led to the rise of Italian Republic fascism, becoming a key point in the propaganda of Fascist Italy.

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Italian Republic Fascism is based upon Italian Republic nationalism and imperialism, and in particular seeks to complete what it considers as the incomplete project of the unification of Italy by incorporating Italia Irredenta into the state of Italy.

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The Fascist regime produced literature on Nice that justified that Nice was an Italian Republic land based on historic, ethnic, and linguistic grounds.

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Shortly thereafter, the Germans, with the assistance of the Italian Republic fascists, succeeded in taking control of northern and central Italy.

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Italian Republic's body was then taken to Milan, where it was hung upside down at a service station for public viewing and to provide confirmation of his demise.

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In 1950, Italian Republic Somaliland was made a United Nations Trust Territory under Italian Republic administration until 1 July 1960.

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Italian Republic coasts include the Amalfi Coast, Cilentan Coast, Coast of the Gods, Costa Verde, Riviera delle Palme, Riviera del Brenta, Costa Smeralda and Trabocchi Coast.

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The Italian Republic Riviera includes nearly all of the coastline of Liguria, extending from the border with France near Ventimiglia eastwards to Capo Corvo, which marks the eastern end of the Gulf of La Spezia.

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The second longest Italian Republic river is Adige, which originates near Lake Resia and flows into the Adriatic Sea, after having made a north–south route, near Chioggia.

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The Italian Republic garden is stylistically based on symmetry, axial geometry and on the principle of imposing order over nature.

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The Italian Republic garden was influenced by Roman gardens and Italian Republic Renaissance gardens.

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Italian Republic wolf is the national animal of Italy, while the national tree of the country is the strawberry tree.

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The office is similar to those in most other parliamentary systems, but the head of the Italian Republic government is not authorised to request the dissolution of the Parliament of Italy.

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Peculiarity of the Italian Republic Parliament is the representation given to Italian Republic citizens permanently living abroad: 8 Deputies and 4 Senators elected in four distinct overseas constituencies.

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Since their appearance in the middle of the 19th century, Italian Republic organised crime and criminal organisations have infiltrated the social and economic life of many regions in Southern Italy, the most notorious of which being the Sicilian Mafia, which would later expand into some foreign countries including the United States.

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In modern times the Italian Republic Navy, being a member of the EU and NATO, has taken part in many coalition peacekeeping operations around the world.

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The most famous Italian Republic wines are probably the Tuscan Chianti and the Piedmontese Barolo.

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Italian Republic is considered the "father" of observational astronomy, modern physics, the scientific method, and modern science.

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Italian Republic is considered the "architect of the nuclear age" and the "architect of the atomic bomb".

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Italian Republic is often natively spoken in a regional variety, not to be confused with Italy's regional and minority languages; however, the establishment of a national education system led to a decrease in variation in the languages spoken across the country during the 20th century.

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Italian Republic Renaissance is said by many to be the golden age of painting; roughly spanning the 14th through the mid-17th centuries with a significant influence out of the borders of modern Italy.

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Subsequently, in the 18th century, Italian Republic Rococo was mainly inspired by French Rococo, since France was the founding nation of that particular style, with artists such as Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and Canaletto.

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The main Sensist Italian Republic philosophers were Melchiorre Gioja and Gian Domenico Romagnosi.

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Italian Republic philosophers were influential in the development of the non-Marxist liberal socialism philosophy, including Carlo Rosselli, Norberto Bobbio, Piero Gobetti and Aldo Capitini.

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Early Italian Republic feminists include Sibilla Aleramo, Alaide Gualberta Beccari, and Anna Maria Mozzoni, though proto-feminist philosophies had previously been touched upon by earlier Italian Republic writers such as Christine de Pizan, Moderata Fonte, and Lucrezia Marinella.

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Over time, Italian Republic ballets became part of theatrical life: ballet companies in Italy's major opera houses employed an average of four to twelve dancers; in 1815 many companies employed anywhere from eighty to one hundred dancers.

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Italian Republic rightly maintained that Italian life and manners were susceptible of artistic treatment such as had not been given them before.

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Italian Republic theatre has been active in producing contemporary European work and in staging revivals, including the works of Luigi Pirandello and Dario Fo.

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Italian Republic opera was believed to have been founded in the early 17th century, in cities such as Mantua and Venice.

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The first Italian Republic director is considered to be Vittorio Calcina, a collaborator of the Lumiere Brothers, who filmed Pope Leo XIII in 1896.

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In recent years, the Italian Republic scene has received only occasional international attention, with movies like Cinema Paradiso written and directed by Giuseppe Tornatore, Mediterraneo directed by Gabriele Salvatores, Life Is Beautiful directed by Roberto Benigni, Il Postino: The Postman with Massimo Troisi and The Great Beauty directed by Paolo Sorrentino.

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Italian Republic clubs have won 48 major European trophies, making Italy the second most successful country in European football.

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Italian Republic skiers achieved good results in Winter Olympic Games, Alpine Ski World Cup, and tennis has a significant following in Italy, ranking as the fourth most practised sport in the country.

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Italian Republic sportsmen have won 522 medals at the Summer Olympic Games, and another 106 at the Winter Olympic Games, for a combined total of 628 medals with 235 golds, which makes them the fifth most successful nation in Olympic history for total medals.

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Italian Republic cuisine has developed through centuries of social and political changes, with roots as far back as the 4th century BC.

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Italian Republic cuisine is noted for its regional diversity, abundance of difference in taste, and is known to be one of the most popular in the world, wielding strong influence abroad.

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Italian Republic cuisine relies heavily on traditional products; the country has a large number of traditional specialities protected under EU law.

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