Le Havre is the most populous commune of Upper Normandy, although the total population of the greater Le Havre conurbation is smaller than that of Rouen.
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Le Havre is located 50 kilometres west of Rouen on the shore of the English Channel and at the mouth of the Seine.
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Administratively, Le Havre is a commune in the Normandy region in the west of the department of Seine-Maritime.
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Le Havre is sandwiched between the coast of the Channel from south-west to north-west and the estuary of the Seine to the south.
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Le Havre belongs to the Paris Basin which was formed in the Mesozoic period.
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Since 2008, Le Havre has been part of the network of Energy Cities and, in this context, it applies the steps of Agenda 21 and an Environmental Approach to Urban Planning.
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Le Havre has kept extensive green areas : the two largest areas are the Montgeon Forest and Rouelles Park which are both located in the upper town.
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Le Havre had a tramway system from 1894 until it closed in 1957.
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Finally, since 2001 Le Havre agglomeration has operated the LER, a TER line connecting the Le Havre station to Rolleville passing through five other SNCF railway stations of the urban area.
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Southern districts of Le Havre are mainly used for industrial and port activities.
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The learned and transient name of Franciscopolis in tribute to the same king, is encountered in some documents then that of Le Havre Marat, referring to Jean-Paul Marat during the French Revolution but was not imposed.
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Since 2015, the city of Le Havre is divided over six Cantons, some of which cover neighbouring communes.
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Christine Lagarde was born on 1956 and attended high schools in Le Havre before becoming Minister of the Economy and Director-General of the International Monetary Fund in 2011.
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Le Havre holds the presidency of the CODAH and has held a seat in the National Assembly for the 7th district of Seine-Maritime since 2012.
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Le Havre has experienced many territorial extensions by annexing neighbouring communes:.
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The new prison for Le Havre was completed in 2010 at Saint-Aubin-Routot east of the Le Havre agglomeration.
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Elections to the National Assembly, Le Havre is divided between Seine-Maritime's 7th and 8th constituency.
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Le Havre experienced a population boom in the second half of the 19th century.
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The University of Le Havre is a research centre with nine laboratories.
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The University Institutes of Technology of Le Havre occupies two main sites: one in the upper town in the Caucriauville-Rouelles district which was opened in 1967 and another in the Eure district since 2011.
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The Graduate School of Art of Le Havre offers several degrees and preparation for competition.
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Several major local sportsmen began their career at Le Havre: the swimmer Hugues Duboscq was an Olympic medallist several times.
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Le Havre has been and is still the venue of major sports events: the Tour de France has passed a dozen times by the Ocean Gate, the last stage took place here in 2015.
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Today, the commune of Le Havre is divided into eight parishes and 24 places of worship .
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Le Havre has seven evangelical Protestant churches: Salvation Army, Seventh Day Adventist, Apostolic Church, Assembly of God, Baptist Church, Good News Church, et Church of Le Havre as well as several Protestant churches of African origin.
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The Le Havre economy is far from decision centres which are located mainly in Paris and major European economic cities.
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Le Havre occupies the north bank of the estuary of the Seine on the Channel.
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At the national level, Le Havre is 200 kilometres west of the most populous and richest region in France: Ile-de-France.
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The largest industrial employer of the Le Havre region is the Renault public company in the commune of Sandouville.
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The Le Havre region has more than a third of French refining capacity.
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Higher Education is represented by the University of Le Havre which employs 399 permanent professors and 850 lecturers as well as by engineering companies like Auxitec and SERO.
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Le Havre is the seat of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Le Havre.
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Five Museums in Le Havre have the distinction of being classified as Musees de France an official label granted only to museums of a high status.
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Thanks to its proximity to Honfleur, Le Havre was represented by foreign artists such as William Turner, Johan Barthold Jongkind, Alfred Stevens, and Richard Parkes Bonington.
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Two other Impressionists, Camille Pissarro and Maxime Maufra represented the port of Le Havre which inspired Paul Signac, Albert Marquet, and Maurice de Vlaminck .
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Le Havre appears in several literary works as a point of departure to America: in the 18th century, Father Prevost embarked Manon Lescaut and Des Grieux for French Louisiana.
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Streets, buildings, and public places in Le Havre pay tribute to other famous Le Havre people from this period: the writer Casimir Delavigne has a street named after him and a statue in front of the palace of justice alongside another man of letters, Bernardin de Saint-Pierre .
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Under the name Port de Brume Le Havre is the setting for three other novels by this author: Cerfs-volants, L'Aventure de Noel, and La Queue a la pegre .
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Le Havre appears in comic books: for example, in L'Oreille cassee, Tintin embarks on the vessel City of Lyon sailing to South America.
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The meeting between Tintin and General Alcazar in Les Sept Boules de cristal is in Le Havre, according to notes by Herge in the margins of Le Soir, the first publisher of this adventure.
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Le Havre is the birthplace of many musicians and composers such as Henri Woollett, Andre Caplet and Arthur Honegger .
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Le Havre has long been regarded as one of the cradles of French rock and blues.
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The most famous personality of Le Havre rock is Little Bob who began his career in the 1970s.
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Le Havre is a board game about the development of the town of Le Havre.
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