28 Facts About Portuguese language


Portuguese language is part of the Ibero-Romance group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in the medieval Kingdom of Galicia and the County of Portugal, and has kept some Celtic phonology in its lexicon.

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The Portuguese language was spread by Roman soldiers, settlers, and merchants, who built Roman cities mostly near the settlements of previous Celtic civilizations established long before the Roman arrivals.

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In Latin, the Portuguese language is known as lusitana or lusitanica, after the Lusitanians, a Celtic tribe that lived in the territory of present-day Portugal and Spain that adopted the Latin language as Roman settlers moved in.

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The Portuguese expanded across South America, across Africa to the Pacific Ocean, taking their language with them.

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The Portuguese language continued to be popular in parts of Asia until the 19th century.

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End of the Old Portuguese language period was marked by the publication of the Cancioneiro Geral by Garcia de Resende, in 1516.

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In 2011, Portuguese became its third official language and, in July 2014, the country was accepted as a member of the CPLP.

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Additionally, a large part of the diaspora is a part of the already-counted population of the Portuguese language-speaking countries and territories, such as the high number of Brazilian and PALOP emigrant citizens in Portugal or the high number of Portuguese language emigrant citizens in the PALOP and Brazil.

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Portuguese language therefore serves more than 250 million people daily, who have direct or indirect legal, juridical and social contact with it, varying from the only language used in any contact, to only education, contact with local or international administration, commerce and services or the simple sight of road signs, public information and advertising in Portuguese.

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Portuguese language is a mandatory subject in the school curriculum in Uruguay.

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Also, according to Portugal's Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Portuguese language will be part of the school curriculum of a total of 32 countries by 2020.

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Portuguese is a globalized language spoken officially on four continents, and as a second language by millions worldwide.

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Since 1991, when Brazil signed into the economic community of Mercosul with other South American nations, namely Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay, Portuguese language is either mandatory, or taught, in the schools of those South American countries.

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Portuguese, being a language spread on all continents, is official in several international organizations; one of twenty official of the European Union, an official language of NATO, Organization of American States, one of eighteen official languages of the European Space Agency.

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Informal speech employs followed by second person verbs, formal Portuguese language retains the formal, followed by the third person conjugation.

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Conjugation of verbs in has three different forms in Brazil, the conjugation used in the Brazilian states of Para, Santa Catarina and Maranhao being generally traditional second person, the kind that is used in other Portuguese language-speaking countries and learned in Brazilian schools.

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Standard European Portuguese language is the preferred standard by the Portuguese language-speaking African countries.

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Portuguese language is the only Romance language that preserves the clitic case mesoclisis: cf.

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Between the 9th and early 13th centuries, Portuguese language acquired some 400 to 600 words from Arabic by influence of Moorish Iberia.

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Closest relative of Portuguese language is Galician, which is spoken in the autonomous community and historical nationality of Galicia (northwestern Spain).

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Galician like Portuguese language, uses the future subjunctive, the personal infinitive, and the synthetic pluperfect.

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Diversity of dialects of the Portuguese language is known since the time of medieval Portuguese-Galician language when it coexisted with the Lusitanian-Mozarabic dialect, spoken in the south of Portugal.

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Portuguese language makes reference to the overseas dialects, the rustic dialects, the poetic dialect and that of prose.

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The Romanization of Chinese was influenced by the Portuguese language, particularly regarding Chinese surnames; one example is Mei.

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Instance, as Portuguese merchants were presumably the first to introduce the sweet orange in Europe, in several modern Indo-European languages the fruit has been named after them.

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Galician-Portuguese language developed in the region of the former Roman province of Gallaecia, from the Vulgar Latin that had been introduced by Roman soldiers, colonists and magistrates during the time of the Roman Empire.

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An early form of Galician-Portuguese language was already spoken in the Kingdom of the Suebi and by the year 800 Galician-Portuguese language had already become the vernacular of northwestern Iberia.

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Portuguese language orthography is based on the Latin alphabet and makes use of the acute accent, the circumflex accent, the grave accent, the tilde, and the cedilla to denote stress, vowel height, nasalization, and other sound changes.

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