114 Facts About Salvador Dali


Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dali i Domenech, Marquess of Dali of Pubol was a Spanish surrealist artist renowned for his technical skill, precise draftsmanship, and the striking and bizarre images in his work.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,888

Salvador Dali moved closer to Surrealism in the late 1920s and joined the Surrealist group in 1929, soon becoming one of its leading exponents.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,889

Salvador Dali lived in France throughout the Spanish Civil War before leaving for the United States in 1940 where he achieved commercial success.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,890

Salvador Dali returned to Spain in 1948 where he announced his return to the Catholic faith and developed his "nuclear mysticism" style, based on his interest in classicism, mysticism, and recent scientific developments.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,891

Dali's older brother, who had been named Salvador was born on 12 October 1901, and had died of gastroenteritis nine months earlier, on 1 August 1903.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,892

Salvador Dali's father, Salvador Luca Rafael Aniceto Dali Cusi was a middle-class lawyer and notary, an anti-clerical atheist and Catalan federalist, whose strict disciplinary approach was tempered by his wife, Felipa Domenech Ferres, who encouraged her son's artistic endeavors.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,893

Salvador Dali later attributed his "love of everything that is gilded and excessive, my passion for luxury and my love of oriental clothes" to an "Arab lineage", claiming that his ancestors were descendants of the Moors.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,894

Salvador Dali was haunted by the idea of his dead brother throughout his life, mythologizing him in his writings and art.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,895

Salvador Dali had a sister, Anna Maria, who was three years younger.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,896

Salvador Dali attended the Municipal Drawing School at Figueres in 1916 and discovered modern painting on a summer vacation trip to Cadaques with the family of Ramon Pichot, a local artist who made regular trips to Paris.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,897

The next year, Salvador Dali's father organized an exhibition of his charcoal drawings in their family home.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,898

Salvador Dali had his first public exhibition at the Municipal Theatre in Figueres in 1918, a site he would return to decades later.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,899

Salvador Dali did not resent this marriage, because he had great love and respect for his aunt.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,900

In 1922, Salvador Dali moved into the Residencia de Estudiantes in Madrid and studied at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,901

Salvador Dali had long hair and sideburns, coat, stockings, and knee-breeches in the style of English aesthetes of the late 19th century.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,902

In May 1925 Salvador Dali exhibited eleven works in a group exhibition held by the newly formed Sociedad Iberica de Artistas in Madrid.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,903

Salvador Dali held his first solo exhibition at Galeries Dalmau in Barcelona, from 14 to 27 November 1925.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,904

Salvador Dali left the Royal Academy in 1926, shortly before his final exams.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,905

Salvador Dali described the earlier of these works, Honey is Sweeter than Blood, as "equidistant between Cubism and Surrealism".

FactSnippet No. 1,868,906

Salvador Dali was influenced by many styles of art, ranging from the most academically classic, to the most cutting-edge avant-garde.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,907

In 1929, Salvador Dali collaborated with Surrealist film director Luis Bunuel on the short film.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,908

Salvador Dali later claimed to have played a significant role in the filming of the project, but this is not substantiated by contemporary accounts.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,909

Salvador Dali was a Russian immigrant ten years his senior, who at that time was married to Surrealist poet Paul Eluard.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,910

The Surrealists hailed what Salvador Dali was later to call his paranoiac-critical method of accessing the subconscious for greater artistic creativity.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,911

The final straw was when Don Salvador Dali read in a Barcelona newspaper that his son had recently exhibited in Paris a drawing of the Sacred Heart of Jesus Christ, with a provocative inscription: "Sometimes, I spit for fun on my mother's portrait".

FactSnippet No. 1,868,912

Salvador Dali refused, perhaps out of fear of expulsion from the Surrealist group, and was violently thrown out of his paternal home on 28 December 1929.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,913

Salvador Dali's father told him that he would be disinherited and that he should never set foot in Cadaques again.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,914

Salvador Dali soon bought the cabin, and over the years enlarged it by buying neighboring ones, gradually building his beloved villa by the sea.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,915

In 1931, Salvador Dali painted one of his most famous works, The Persistence of Memory, which developed a surrealistic image of soft, melting pocket watches.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,916

Salvador Dali had two important exhibitions at the Pierre Colle Gallery in Paris in June 1931 and May–June 1932.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,917

Salvador Dali continued to paint her as they both aged, producing sympathetic and adoring images of her.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,918

Salvador Dali's first visit to the United States in November 1934 attracted widespread press coverage.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,919

Salvador Dali wore a glass case on his chest containing a brassiere and Gala dressed as a woman giving birth through her head.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,920

Salvador Dali insisted that Surrealism could exist in an apolitical context and refused to explicitly denounce fascism.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,921

Later in 1934, Salvador Dali was subjected to a "trial", in which he narrowly avoided being expelled from the Surrealist group.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,922

In 1936, Salvador Dali took part in the London International Surrealist Exhibition.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,923

Salvador Dali's lecture, titled, was delivered while wearing a deep-sea diving suit and helmet.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,924

Salvador Dali had arrived carrying a billiard cue and leading a pair of Russian wolfhounds and had to have the helmet unscrewed as he gasped for breath.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,925

In December 1936 Salvador Dali participated in the Fantastic Art, Dada, Surrealism exhibition at MoMA and a solo exhibition at the Julien Levy Gallery in New York.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,926

Salvador Dali later described it as, "a vast human body breaking out into monstrous excrescences of arms and legs tearing at one another in a delirium of auto-strangulation".

FactSnippet No. 1,868,927

From 1933 Salvador Dali was supported by Zodiac, a group of affluent admirers who each contributed to a monthly stipend for the painter in exchange for a painting of their choice.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,928

Salvador Dali was in London when the Spanish Civil War broke out in July 1936.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,929

Nevertheless, Salvador Dali avoided taking a public stand for or against the Republic for the duration of the conflict.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,930

In January 1938, Salvador Dali unveiled Rainy Taxi, a three-dimensional artwork consisting of an automobile and two mannequin occupants being soaked with rain from within the taxi.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,931

In September 1938, Salvador Dali was invited by Gabrielle Coco Chanel to her house "La Pausa" in Roquebrune on the French Riviera.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,932

At the 1939 New York World's Fair, Salvador Dali debuted his Dream of Venus Surrealist pavilion, located in the Amusements Area of the exposition.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,933

Salvador Dali announced the death of the Surrealist movement and the return of classicism in his exhibition at the Julien Levy Gallery in New York in April–May 1941.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,934

Salvador Dali's work attracted significant attention of critics and the exhibition later toured eight American cities, enhancing his reputation in America.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,935

In October 1942, Dali's autobiography, The Secret Life of Salvador Dali was published simultaneously in New York and London and was reviewed widely by the press.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,936

Salvador Dali published a novel Hidden Faces in 1944 with less critical and commercial success.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,937

In November–December 1945 Salvador Dali exhibited new work at the Bignou Gallery in New York.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,938

Salvador Dali executed designs for a number of ballets including Labyrinth, Sentimental Colloquy, Mad Tristan, and The Cafe of Chinitas.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,939

Salvador Dali produced artwork and designs for products such as perfumes, cosmetics, hosiery and ties.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,940

In 1946 Salvador Dali worked with Walt Disney and animator John Hench on an unfinished animated film Destino.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,941

Salvador Dali exhibited new work at the Bignou Gallery from November 1947 to January 1948.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,942

Salvador Dali was angered by passages that he considered derogatory towards his wife Gala and broke off relations with his family.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,943

When Salvador Dali's father died in September 1950 Salvador Dali learned that he had been virtually disinherited in his will.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,944

In paintings such as The Madonna of Port Lligat, The Christ of Saint John on the Cross and The Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory, Salvador Dali sought to synthesize Christian iconography with images of material disintegration inspired by nuclear physics.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,945

Salvador Dali was fascinated by the Tesseract, using it, for example, in Crucifixion.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,946

Salvador Dali had been extensively using optical illusions such as double images, anamorphosis, negative space, visual puns and trompe-l'œil since his Surrealist period and this continued in his later work.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,947

At some point, Salvador Dali had a glass floor installed in a room near his studio in Port Lligat.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,948

Salvador Dali made extensive use of it to study foreshortening, both from above and from below, incorporating dramatic perspectives of figures and objects into his paintings.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,949

Salvador Dali experimented with the bulletist technique pointillism, enlarged half-tone dot grids and stereoscopic images.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,950

Salvador Dali was among the first artists to employ holography in an artistic manner.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,951

In 1960, Salvador Dali began work on his Theatre-Museum in his home town of Figueres.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,952

In 1955 Salvador Dali met Nanita Kalaschnikoff, who was to become a close friend, muse, and model.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,953

At a French nightclub in 1965 Salvador Dali met Amanda Lear, a fashion model then known as Peki Oslo.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,954

In 1968, Salvador Dali bought a castle in Pubol for Gala, and from 1971 she would retreat there for weeks at a time, Salvador Dali having agreed not to visit without her written permission.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,955

In 1980, at age 76, Salvador Dali's health deteriorated sharply and he was treated for depression, drug addiction, and Parkinson-like symptoms, including a severe tremor in his right arm.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,956

However, some critics have questioned how Salvador Dali could have executed a painting with such precision given the severe tremor in his painting arm.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,957

From early 1984 Salvador Dali's depression worsened and he refused food, leading to severe undernourishment.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,958

Salvador Dali had previously stated his intention to put himself into a state of suspended animation as he had read that some microorganisms could do.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,959

Salvador Dali gave the king a drawing, Head of Europa, which would turn out to be Salvador Dali's final drawing.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,960

Salvador Dali is buried in the crypt below the stage of his Theatre-Museum in Figueres.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,961

Salvador Dali saw bread as "the elementary basis of continuity" and "sacred subsistence".

FactSnippet No. 1,868,962

Salvador Dali connects the egg to the prenatal and intrauterine, thus using it to symbolize hope and love.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,963

Salvador Dali later claimed that the idea for clocks functioning symbolically in this way came to him when he was contemplating Camembert cheese.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,964

Salvador Dali linked the rhinoceros to themes of chastity and to the Virgin Mary.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,965

In December 1936 Salvador Dali sent Harpo Marx a Christmas present of a harp with barbed-wire strings.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,966

Between 1941 and 1970, Salvador Dali created an ensemble of 39 pieces of jewelry, many of which are intricate, some containing moving parts.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,967

Salvador Dali ventured into industrial design in the 1970s with a 500-piece run of Suomi tableware by Timo Sarpaneva that Salvador Dali decorated for the German Rosenthal porcelain maker's "Studio Linie".

FactSnippet No. 1,868,968

Salvador Dali facilitated the design of the advertising campaign for the 1969 Eurovision Song Contest and created a large on-stage metal sculpture that stood at the Teatro Real in Madrid.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,969

Salvador Dali executed designs for a number of other ballets including Labyrinth, Sentimental Colloquy, Mad Tristan, The Cafe of Chinitas and The Three-Cornered Hat.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,970

Salvador Dali became interested in film when he was young, going to the theater most Sundays.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,971

In 1945 Salvador Dali created the dream sequence in Hitchcock's Spellbound, but neither Salvador Dali nor the director was satisfied with the result.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,972

Salvador Dali worked with Walt Disney and animator John Hench on the short film Destino in 1946.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,973

Between 1954 and 1961 Salvador Dali worked with photographer Robert Descharnes on The Prodigious History of the Lacemaker and the Rhinoceros, but the film was never completed.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,974

Salvador Dali collaborated with director Jose-Montes Baquer on the pseudo-documentary film Impressions of Upper Mongolia, in which Salvador Dali narrates a story about an expedition in search of giant hallucinogenic mushrooms.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,975

However, Jodorowsky changed his mind after Salvador Dali publicly supported the execution of alleged ETA terrorists in December 1975.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,976

In 1972 Salvador Dali began to write the scenario for an opera-poem called Etre Dieu.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,977

Salvador Dali was involved in creating textile designs and perfume bottles.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,978

In 1950, Salvador Dali created a special "costume for the year 2045" with Christian Dior.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,979

In 1958, Salvador Dali completed Crisalida, a temporary installation promoting a drug, which was exhibited at the 1958 Convention of the American Medical Association in San Francisco.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,980

Salvador Dali published poetry, essays, art criticism, and a technical manual on art.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,981

Salvador Dali worked extensively in the graphic arts, producing many drawings, etchings, and lithographs.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,982

When Salvador Dali officially joined the Surrealist group in 1929 his political activism initially intensified.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,983

However, as political divisions within the Surrealist group grew, Salvador Dali soon developed a more apolitical stance, refusing to publicly denounce fascism.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,984

In 1935 Salvador Dali wrote a letter to Breton suggesting that non-white races should be enslaved.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,985

However, immediately after Franco's victory in 1939, Salvador Dali praised Catholicism and the Falange and was expelled from the Surrealist group.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,986

Salvador Dali was granted an audience with Pope Pius XII in 1949 and with Pope John XXIII in 1959.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,987

Salvador Dali had official meetings with General Franco in June 1956, October 1968, and May 1974.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,988

In 1968, Salvador Dali stated that on Franco's death there should be no return to democracy and Spain should become an absolute monarchy.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,989

Salvador Dali espoused a mystical view of Catholicism and in his later years he claimed to be a Catholic and an agnostic.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,990

Salvador Dali was interested in the writings of the Jesuit priest and philosopher Teilhard de Chardin and his Omega Point theory.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,991

Salvador Dali's painting Tuna Fishing was inspired by his reading of Chardin.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,992

Salvador Dali said that his wife Gala was the only person with whom he had achieved complete coitus.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,993

Salvador Dali was renowned for his eccentric and ostentatious behavior throughout his career.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,994

Salvador Dali frequently traveled with his pet ocelot Babou, even bringing it aboard the luxury ocean liner SS France.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,995

Salvador Dali was known to avoid paying at restaurants by executing drawings on the checks he wrote.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,996

Salvador Dali's theory was the restaurant would never want to cash such a valuable piece of art, and he was usually correct.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,997

Salvador Dali has been portrayed on film by Robert Pattinson in Little Ashes, and by Adrien Brody in Midnight in Paris.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,998

The creator of the series stated that the Salvador Dali mask was chosen because it was an iconic Spanish image.

FactSnippet No. 1,868,999

The Gala-Salvador Dali Foundation protested against the use of Dali's image without the authorisation of the Dali estate.

FactSnippet No. 1,869,000

Salvador Dali produced over 1,600 paintings and numerous graphic works, sculptures, three-dimensional objects, and designs.

FactSnippet No. 1,869,001