84 Facts About Yudhoyono


Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was born on 9 September 1949, and commonly referred to by his initials SBY, is an Indonesian politician and retired army general who served as the sixth president of Indonesia from 2004 to 2014.

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Yudhoyono served as the president of the Assembly and chair of the Council of the Global Green Growth Institute.

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Yudhoyono was the former chairman of ASEAN due to Indonesia's hosting of the 18th and 19th ASEAN Summits.

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Yudhoyono won the 2004 presidential election—the first direct presidential election in Indonesia, defeating incumbent president Megawati Sukarnoputri.

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Yudhoyono was sworn into office on 20 October 2004, together with Jusuf Kalla as vice-president.

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Yudhoyono ran for re-election in 2009 with Boediono as his running mate, and won with an outright majority of the votes in the first round of balloting; he was sworn in for a second term on 20 October 2009.

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Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono is the recipient of the Lifetime Achievement Award in 2014.

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Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was born on 9 September 1949, in Tremas, a village in Arjosari, Pacitan Regency, East Java, to a lower-middle-class family.

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Yudhoyono's father was a Javanese man named Raden Soekotjo, whose lineage can be traced to Hamengkubuwono II, while his mother was a Javanese woman named Siti Habibah.

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Yudhoyono had wanted to join the army since he was a child.

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Yudhoyono was talented in music and sport, reflected when he and his friends established a volleyball club called Klub Rajawali and a band called Gaya Teruna.

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Yudhoyono planned to enlist after graduating from high school in 1968; however, he missed the registration period.

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Young Yudhoyono then became a student under the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember in Surabaya before entering the Vocational Education Development Center in Malang, East Java.

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Yudhoyono officially entered AKABRI in 1970 after passing the test in Bandung.

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Yudhoyono studied in the United States, where he received his master's degree in Business Management from Webster University in 1991.

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Yudhoyono subsequently earned PhD in agricultural economics from the Bogor Agricultural University on 3 October 2004, two days before his presidential victory was announced.

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Yudhoyono's dissertation was entitled "The Rural and Agricultural Development as an Effort to Alleviate Poverty and Unemployment: a political economic analysis of fiscal policy".

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Yudhoyono was awarded two honorary doctorates in 2005 in the fields, respectively, of law from his alma mater, Webster University, and in political science from Thammasat University in Thailand.

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Yudhoyono spent three years at AKABRI and became the commander of the Cadet Corps Division there.

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Yudhoyono graduated from AKABRI as second lieutenant in 1973, and as the best graduate of the year, received the prestigious Adhi Makayasa medal from President Suharto.

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Yudhoyono returned to Indonesia in 1976, where he became a platoon commander in the 305th Battalion and was assigned to Indonesian-occupied East Timor.

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Yudhoyono had several tours of duty and, like many other Indonesian officers involved in the occupation of East Timor, was accused of committing war crimes.

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From East Timor, Yudhoyono became a mortar platoon commander in 1977, an operations officer for an airborne brigade from 1977 to 1978, and a company commander at Kostrad from 1979 to 1981.

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Yudhoyono then spent 1981 and 1982 working at the Army headquarters.

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Yudhoyono spent time in Panama and went through the jungle warfare school.

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When Yudhoyono returned in 1983, he was made commander of the Infantry Trainers' School.

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Yudhoyono was a battalion commander from 1986 to 1988 and was part of the operational staff in 1988.

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In 1989, Yudhoyono became a lecturer at the Army Staff College and delivered a presentation entitled "ABRI's Professionalism at the Present and in the Future".

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Together with Agus Wirahadikusumah, Yudhoyono published a book entitled "The Challenges of Development".

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Whilst at Seskoad, Yudhoyono took the opportunity to further his own military education.

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Yudhoyono went to the US Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

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In 1992, Yudhoyono was transferred to the Army Information Department and worked as a speechwriter for General Edi Sudrajat, the Army chief of staff.

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Edi did not last long as ABRI commander and Yudhoyono was then transferred back to Kostrad where he became a brigade commander.

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Yudhoyono served in this position until 1997, when he was appointed chief of staff for social-political affairs.

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From his discussions, Yudhoyono accepted the fact that Suharto should resign but like the ABRI officers who went to the meeting with him, was reluctant to withdraw their support of Suharto publicly, much less ask for Suharto's resignation.

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Yudhoyono did this by combining the strong reformist sentiment of the time with TNI's concern for security and stability.

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Yudhoyono was appointed mining and energy minister in the cabinet of President Abdurrahman Wahid in 1999.

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Yudhoyono's popularity grew, even as minister of mining and energy.

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Yudhoyono's name appeared as a potential candidate for the position, although eventually Wahid appointed Vice-President Megawati Sukarnoputri as the day to day administrator.

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Yudhoyono was sent by Wahid to convey this wish and to negotiate with the former first family.

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In desperation, Wahid issued a decree freezing the People's Representative Council and then asked Yudhoyono to declare a state of emergency to further strengthen his position.

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Yudhoyono was appointed to his old position of coordinating minister of political and security affairs in Megawati's new cabinet.

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Yudhoyono dealt with the Free Aceh Movement, a separatist movement wanting to separate the Province of Aceh from Indonesia.

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Yudhoyono approved of the idea and after going through the basic concepts, left Rumangkang in charge of forming the Party.

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Yudhoyono personally led the meetings on 19 and 20 August 2001, and the basic outline of the Democratic Party was finalised.

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On 8 March 2004, Yudhoyono sent a letter asking for permission to meet the president about his ministerial authority.

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Yudhoyono did not attend the cabinet meeting and instead held a press conference at his office and announced his resignation from the position of coordinating minister of political and security affairs.

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Yudhoyono announced that he was ready to be nominated as a presidential candidate.

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Yudhoyono's popularity skyrocketed after his falling out with Megawati as he was seen by the people as the underdog.

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Yudhoyono accepted the nomination and picked Golkar's Jusuf Kalla as his running mate.

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Yudhoyono put forward policies to offer better credit lines, to cut red tape, improve labour laws and to root out corruption from the top down.

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Yudhoyono's perceived communication skills made him the front-runner throughout the election campaign, according to many opinion polls and the opinions of election commentators, ahead of the other candidates .

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Yudhoyono then declared that his coalition, which now received political support from the National Awakening Party, the Prosperous Justice Party and the National Mandate Party, would be the people's coalition.

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On 20 September 2004, Yudhoyono participated in the run-off election, winning it with 60.

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Yudhoyono was officially declared the victor of the election on 23 July 2009, by the General Election Commission.

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The day of his inauguration in 2004, Yudhoyono announced his new cabinet, which would be known as the United Indonesia Cabinet .

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Yudhoyono's Second United Indonesia Cabinet was announced in October 2009 after he was re-elected as president earlier in the year.

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Finally, when Paloh was perceived to be too weak to run against Akbar, Yudhoyono gave the green light for Kalla to run for the Golkar Chairmanship.

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The legality of his vice-presidential decree was questioned although Yudhoyono maintained that it was he who gave the orders for Kalla to proceed.

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In September 2005, when Yudhoyono went to New York City to attend the annual United Nations Summit, he left Vice-President Kalla in charge.

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Yudhoyono held a video conference from New York to receive reports from ministers.

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President Yudhoyono sent Vice President Jusuf Kalla to meet with these national figures.

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On 6 May 2005, Yudhoyono visited Suharto at hospital when the latter suffered from intestinal bleeding.

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In managing the Indonesian economy, President Yudhoyono has made several achievements economic conditions, when he started his first term in 2004, were still marked by low Gross domestic product and a significant shortage of infrastructure.

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President Yudhoyono pointed out that the Master Plan for the Acceleration of Indonesian Economic Development is a big plan and from 2011 to 2013, its projects have reached Rp828.

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President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said on the 24th that Indonesia would no longer seek financial aid through the Consultative Group on Indonesia, as there was no longer any need for it.

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Yudhoyono said that Indonesia no longer needed the special assistance of the CGI because the country was now able to overcome its foreign debt problems acting alone.

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Yudhoyono's said the dissolution of the CGI was of benefit to Indonesia as it freed the government of the need to explain its intentions and plans to many different parties.

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Social protection is an important part that is needed by many people, therefore the Yudhoyono government is trying to implement it seriously by enacting Law Number 24 of 2011 concerning the Social Security Administering Body.

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In July 2005, Yudhoyono launched the Schools Operational Assistance program.

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In June 2006, Yudhoyono launched Books BOS which provides funds for the purchase of textbooks.

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Yudhoyono is one of the 100 World's Most Influential People in 2009 according to TIME Magazine.

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Yudhoyono was made an honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath by HM Queen Elizabeth II on 30 October 2012.

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Yudhoyono was replaced by his son Agus Harimurti Yudhoyono as the leader of the Democratic Party on 15 March 2020.

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Yudhoyono continued to live with his wife Ani until her death on 1 June 2019.

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Name Yudhoyono is not an inherited surname; most Javanese do not have surnames.

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Family's eldest son, Major Agus Harimurti Yudhoyono was born on 1978, and graduated from Taruna Nusantara High School in 1997 and the Indonesian Military Academy in 2000 and is a holder of the Adhi Makayasa Medal like his father, continuing family tradition as the best graduate of the Military Academy.

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Yudhoyono gave a speech at Harvard Kennedy School in September 2009 and joked that his son became "another Harvard student working for" him – some of Yudhoyono's ministers and military generals went to Harvard.

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Yudhoyono is married to Annisa Pohan, a fashion model and the daughter of a former Bank Indonesia vice-president.

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The couple's daughter, Almira Tunggadewi Yudhoyono, was born on 17 August 2008.

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Yudhoyono is currently assigned as Operations Officer of 17th Airborne Infantry Battalion.

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Family's younger son, Edhie Baskoro Yudhoyono was born on 1980, and received his bachelor's degree in economics from the Curtin University of Technology in Perth, Western Australia and his master's degree from the Institute of Defense and Strategic Studies, Singapore.

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Yudhoyono is married to Siti Aliya Radjasa, daughter of Hatta Rajasa, one of his father's prominent Cabinet ministers.

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Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono is a musician and in his younger days was part of a band called Gaya Teruna.

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