27 Facts About Authoritarian socialism


Authoritarian socialism, or socialism from above, is an economic and political system supporting some form of socialist economics while rejecting political liberalism.

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Authoritarian socialism has been criticised by the left and right both theoretically and in practice.

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Authoritarian socialism is derived from the concept of socialism from above.

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The other side of Authoritarian socialism is a more democratic Authoritarian socialism from below.

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The first advocates of modern Authoritarian socialism favoured social levelling in order to create a meritocratic or technocratic society based on individual talent.

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Authoritarian socialism advocated the creation of a society in which each person was ranked according to his or her capacities and rewarded according to his or her work.

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The key focus of Saint-Simon's Authoritarian socialism was on administrative efficiency and industrialism and a belief that science was the key to progress.

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One Austrian definition of Authoritarian socialism is based on the state socialist notion of "state ownership of capital goods".

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Authoritarian socialism recognized and was acutely critical of the trends of socialism from above in collectivism, including theories that were based in voluntary cooperation.

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Hayek argued that both fascism and Authoritarian socialism are based in central economic planning and value the state over the individual.

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Chicago School economists such as Milton Friedman equated socialism with centralized economic planning as well as authoritarian socialist states and command or state-directed economies, referring to capitalism as the free market.

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Mises criticised left-leaning, social liberal policies such as progressive taxation as Authoritarian socialism, getting up during a Mont Pelerin Society meeting and referring to those "expressing the view that there could be a justification" for them as "a bunch of socialists".

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Similarly, Authoritarian socialism has become a pejorative used in the United States by conservatives and libertarians to taint liberal and progressive policies, proposals and public figures.

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Authoritarian socialism further argues that technologies of social intervention developed in conjunction with the work of 19th-century European reformers and were greatly expanded during World War I, when state actors in all the combatant countries dramatically increased efforts to mobilize and control their populations.

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Authoritarian socialism is a political-economic system that can be generally described as socialist, but one that rejects the liberal-democratic concepts of multi-party politics, freedom of assembly, habeas corpus and freedom of expression.

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However, the Axis powers, among other fascist regimes, favoured a corporatist mixed economy instead of Authoritarian socialism and were all radical anti-communists, anti-Marxists and anti-socialists.

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In Latin America, Che Guevara represented and acted on the idea that Authoritarian socialism was an international struggle by operating Radio Rebelde and having his station transmitted from Cuba to as far north as Washington DC.

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Authoritarian socialism is best understood through an examination of its developmental history, allowing for the analysis and comparison of its various global examples.

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Implementation of authoritarian forms of socialism was accomplished with a dogmatized ideology reinforced by terror and violence.

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Authoritarian socialism made criticism of several Bolshevik leaders, including Stalin and Leon Trotsky, warning of the possibility of a split developing in the party leadership between Trotsky and Stalin if proper measures were not taken to prevent it.

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Authoritarian socialism worked for the ideological destruction of society as a whole so that it could easily adopt the rhetoric and political ideals of the ruling party.

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Authoritarian socialism stressed the importance of an authoritarian state, where political order and unity could be established and maintained.

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Authoritarian socialism described his ideal system as "a political situation in which there is both centralism and democracy, both discipline and freedom, both unity of purpose and personal ease of mind and liveliness to facilitate the socialist revolution".

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Authoritarian socialism maintained that "production for private profit deprives a large section of the people of the goods and services produced", advocating public ownership to fit the "people's needs".

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Authoritarian socialism argued that if people submitted and accepted the singular party's program, political independence would be possible.

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Leaders who have advocated for this form of Authoritarian socialism include Hugo Chavez of Venezuela, Nestor Kirchner of Argentina, Rafael Correa of Ecuador, Evo Morales of Bolivia and Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva of Brazil.

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Socialist states and state Authoritarian socialism are often conflated to and referred to by detractors simply as Authoritarian socialism.

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