52 Facts About Bayer AG


Bayer AG is a German multinational pharmaceutical and biotechnology company and one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,228

Bayer AG is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,229

Bayer AG was founded in 1863 in Barmen as a partnership between dye salesman Friedrich Bayer AG and dyer Friedrich Weskott.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,230

The versatility of aniline chemistry led Bayer AG to expand their business into other areas, and in 1899 Bayer AG launched the compound acetylsalicylic acid under the trademarked name Aspirin.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,231

In 1925 Bayer AG merged with five other German companies to form IG Farben, creating the world's largest chemical and pharmaceutical company.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,232

Bayer AG played a key role in the Wirtschaftswunder in post-war West Germany, quickly regaining its position as one of the world's largest chemical and pharmaceutical corporations.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,233

Bayer AG was founded as a dyestuffs factory in 1863 in Barmen, Germany, by Friedrich Bayer and his partner, Johann Friedrich Weskott, a master dyer.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,234

Friedrich Bayer AG, son of the company's founder, was a chemist and joined the company in 1873.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,235

The company's corporate logo, the Bayer AG cross, was introduced in 1904, consisting of the word BAYER written vertically and horizontally, sharing the Y and enclosed in a circle.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,236

Arthur Eichengrun, a Bayer AG chemist, said he was the first to discover an aspirin formulation that did not have the unpleasant side effects of nausea and gastric pain.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,237

Bayer AG said he had invented the name aspirin and was the first person to use the new formulation to test its safety and efficacy.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,238

Bayer AG contends that aspirin was discovered by Felix Hoffmann to help his father, who had arthritis.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,239

Bayer AG scientists were not the first to make heroin, but the company led the way in commercializing it.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,240

In 1903, Bayer AG licensed the patent for the hypnotic drug diethylbarbituric acid from its inventors Emil Fischer and Joseph von Mering.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,241

Systematic investigations of the effect of structural changes on potency and duration of action at Bayer AG led to the discovery of phenobarbital in 1911 and the discovery of its potent anti-epileptic activity in 1912.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,242

In 1916, Bayer AG scientists discovered suramin, an anti-parasite drug that is still sold by Bayer AG under the brand name Germanin.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,243

In 1925, Bayer AG became part of IG Farben, a German conglomerate formed from the merger of six chemical companies: BASF, Bayer AG, Hoechst, Agfa, Chemische Fabrik Griesheim-Elektron, and Chemische Fabrik vorm.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,244

Bayer AG was forced by the Nazi Party to relinquish the reward; German citizens had been forbidden from accepting Nobel prizes since the Nobel committee had awarded the 1935 Nobel Peace Prize to a German pacifist, Carl von Ossietzky.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,245

Helge Wehmeier, then CEO of Bayer AG, offered a public apology in 1995 to Elie Wiesel for the company's actions during World War II and the Holocaust.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,246

Bayer AG was elected to Bayer AG's supervisory board in 1956, a position he retained until 1964.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,247

In 1953, Bayer AG brought the first neuroleptic onto the German market.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,248

In 1978, Bayer AG purchased Miles Laboratories and its subsidiaries Miles Canada and Cutter Laboratories, acquiring along with them a variety of product lines including Alka-Seltzer, Flintstones vitamins and One-A-Day vitamins, and Cutter insect repellent.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,249

Companies, including Bayer AG, developed new ways to treat donated blood with heat to decontaminate it, and these new products were introduced early in 1984.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,250

Bayer AG said it did this because some countries were doubtful about the efficacy of the new product.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,251

Bayer AG has been involved in other controversies regarding its drug products.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,252

Bayer AG produces various fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, and some crop varieties.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,253

In 1994, Bayer AG purchased Sterling Winthrop's over-the-counter drug business from SmithKline Beecham and merged it with Miles Laboratories, thereby reclaiming the US and Canadian trademark rights to "Bayer" and the Bayer cross, as well as the ownership of the Aspirin trademark in Canada.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,254

In 2004, Bayer AG HealthCare acquired the over-the-counter pharmaceutical division of Roche.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,255

In March 2008, Bayer AG HealthCare announced an agreement to acquire the portfolio and OTC division of privately owned Sagmel, Inc, a US-based company that markets OTC medications in most of the Commonwealth of Independent States countries such as Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Belarus, and others.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,256

In November 2010, Bayer AG signed an agreement to buy Auckland-based animal health company Bomac Group.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,257

Effective January 2016 following the spinout of Covestro, Bayer AG rebranded itself as a life sciences company, and restructured into three divisions and one business unit: Pharmaceuticals, Consumer Health, Crop Science, and Animal Health.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,258

In May 2016, Bayer AG offered to buy US seeds company Monsanto for $62 billion.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,259

Shortly after Bayer AG's offer, Monsanto rejected the acquisition bid, seeking a higher price.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,260

In 2002, Bayer AG acquired Aventis CropScience and fused it with their own agrochemicals division to form Bayer CropScience; the Belgian biotech company Plant Genetic Systems became part of Bayer through the Aventis acquisition.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,261

Also in 2002, Bayer AG acquired the Dutch seed company Nunhems, which at the time was one of the world's top five seed companies.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,262

On 1 July 2011, Bayer AG CropScience agreed to a global settlement for up to $750 million.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,263

In 2016, as part of the wholesale corporate restructuring, Bayer CropScience became one of the three major divisions of Bayer AG, reporting directly to the head of the division, Liam Condon.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,264

Under the terms of the merger, Bayer AG promised to maintain Monsanto's more than 9,000 US jobs and add 3,000 new US high-tech positions.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,265

The global headquarters of Bayer AG CropScience is located in St Louis, Missouri, United States.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,266

Bayer AG BioScience, headquartered in Hyderabad, India, has about 400 employees, and has research, production, and an extensive sales network spread across India.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,267

Bayer AG Pharma produces the birth control pills Yaz and Yasmin.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,268

Bayer Chemicals AG was combined with certain components of the polymers segment to form the new company Lanxess on 1 July 2004; Lanxess was listed on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange in early 2005.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,269

Bayer AG MaterialScience was a supplier of high-tech polymers, and developed solutions for a broad range of applications relevant to everyday life.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,270

On 18 September 2014, the Board of Directors of Bayer AG announced plans to float the Bayer MaterialScience business on the stock market as a separate entity.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,271

On 1 June 2015, Bayer AG announced that the new company would be named Covestro; Bayer AG formally spun out Covestro in September 2015.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,272

Bayer AG's shares traded at over €69 per share, and its market capitalization was valued at US€65.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,273

In September 2019, Bayer AG announced to reduce the number of management board members from seven to five to reduce overall costs.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,274

Bayer AG USA was given a score of 85 in the Human Rights Campaign's 2011 Corporate Equality Index, a measure of gay and lesbian workplace equality.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,275

Bayer AG received an EE- rating, the fourth tier in an eight-tier ranking.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,276

Jury found that the plaintiffs failed to prove that Bayer AG misrepresented its One A Day claims, and did not demonstrate that any of the class representative consumers who purchased One A Day relied on the so-called false information as part of their buying decision.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,277

Bayer AG misrepresented the results of its own research and knowingly supplied hemophilia medication tainted with HIV to patients in Asia and Latin America, without the precaution of heat treating the product, recommended for eliminating the risk.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,278

On 15 February 2020, Bayer AG-representing Monsanto- and BASF were ordered to pay not only the $15 million in damages, but an additional $250 million in punitive damages.

FactSnippet No. 1,703,279