20 Facts About Changchun


Changchun, romanized as Ch'angch'un, is the capital and largest city of Jilin Province, People's Republic of China.

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Changchun is one of the top 40 cities in the world by scientific research as tracked by the Nature Index according to the Nature Index 2020 Science Cities.

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Changchun was initially established on imperial decree as a small trading post and frontier village during the reign of the Jiaqing Emperor in the Qing dynasty.

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In May 1898, Changchun got its first railway station, located in Kuancheng, part of the railway from Harbin to Lushun, constructed by the Russian Empire.

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From 1906 to 1931, Changchun served as a key railway town through which the Japanese orchestrated an informal empire.

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Changchun's planning and construction process serves as a good example.

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Changchun expanded rapidly as the junction between of the Japanese-owned South Manchurian Railway and the Russian-owned Chinese Eastern Railway, remaining the break of gauge point between the Russian and standard gauges into the 1930s,.

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The city fell to the Chinese Communist Party in 1948 after the five-month Siege of Changchun, and the communist victory was a turning point which allowed an offensive to capture the remainder of Mainland China.

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Changchun has a four-season, monsoon-influenced, humid continental climate .

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Sub-provincial city of Changchun has direct jurisdiction over 7 districts, 3 county-level cities and 1 County:.

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Changchun has five major religions: Buddhism, Taoism, Catholicism, Protestantism, and Islam.

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Changchun is the largest automobile manufacturing, research and development centre in China, producing 9 percent of the country's automobiles in 2009.

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Changchun is home to China's biggest vehicle producer FAW Group, which manufactured the first Chinese truck in 1956 and car in 1958.

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Specific brands produced in Changchun include the Red Flag luxury brand, as well as joint ventures with Audi, Volkswagen, and Toyota.

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In November 2016, CRCC Changchun unveiled the first bullet train carriages in the world with sleeper berths, thus extending their use for overnight passages across China.

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Changchun is a very compact city, planned by the Japanese with a layout of open avenues and public squares.

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Changchun has three passenger rail stations, most trains only stop at the central Changchun railway station, where there are multiple daily departures to other northeast cities such as Jilin City, Harbin, Shenyang, and Dalian, as well as other major cities throughout the country such as Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou.

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Changchun Rail Transit is an urban rail transit service of Changchun.

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Changchun is served by a comprehensive bus system—most buses charge 1 Yuan per ride.

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Changchun is headquarters of the 16th Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the four group armies that comprise the Northern Theater Command responsible for defending China's northeastern borders with Russia, Mongolia and North Korea.

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