34 Facts About Irish language


Irish, known as Gaelic, is a Goidelic language of the Insular Celtic branch of the Celtic language family, which is a part of the Indo-European language family.

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Irish has constitutional status as the national and first official language of the Republic of Ireland and is an officially recognised minority language in Northern Ireland.

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Irish language has no regulatory body but the standard modern written form is guided by a parliamentary service and new vocabulary by a voluntary committee with university input.

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The modern-day areas of Ireland where Irish is still spoken daily as a first language are collectively known as the.

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Primitive Irish language underwent a change into Old Irish language through the 5th century.

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Old Irish language, dating from the 6th century, used the Latin alphabet and is attested primarily in marginalia to Latin manuscripts.

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Irish language was not marginal to Ireland's modernisation in the 19th century, as is often assumed.

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The Irish language was heavily implicated in the "devotional revolution" which marked the standardisation of Catholic religious practice and was widely used in a political context.

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The university faced controversy, however, in 2016 when it was announced that the next president of the university would not have any Irish language ability, staged a number of protests against this decision.

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Irish language was unable to accomplish some everyday tasks, as portrayed in his documentary No Bearla.

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Many have been educated in schools in which Irish is the language of instruction: such schools are known as at primary level.

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The Irish Times, referring to his analysis published in the Irish language newspaper, quoted him as follows: "It is an absolute indictment of successive Irish Governments that at the foundation of the Irish State there were 250, 000 fluent Irish speakers living in Irish-speaking or semi Irish-speaking areas, but the number now is between 20, 000 and 30, 000.

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In broadcasting, there was an exclusion on the reporting of minority cultural issues, and Irish language was excluded from radio and television for almost the first fifty years of the previous devolved government.

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The Irish language received a degree of formal recognition in Northern Ireland from the United Kingdom, under the 1998 Good Friday Agreement, and then, in 2003, by the British government's ratification in respect of the Irish language of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.

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The Irish language has often been used as a bargaining chip during government formation in Northern Ireland, prompting protests from organisations and groups such as.

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The Irish language government had committed itself to train the necessary number of translators and interpreters and to bear the related costs.

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Irish language was carried abroad in the modern period by a vast diaspora, chiefly to Great Britain and North America, but to Australia, New Zealand and Argentina.

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Irish language speakers had first arrived in Australia in the late 18th century as convicts and soldiers, and many Irish language-speaking settlers followed, particularly in the 1860s.

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Irish language is one of the languages of the Celtic League, a non-governmental organisation that promotes self-determination, Celtic identity and culture in Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Brittany, Cornwall and the Isle of Man, known collectively as the Celtic nations.

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Irish language is represented by several traditional dialects and by various varieties of "urban" Irish language.

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Newfoundland, in eastern Canada, had a form of Irish language derived from the Munster Irish language of the later 18th century.

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Munster Irish language is the dialect spoken in the Gaeltacht areas of the three counties Cork, Kerry, Waterford.

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Ulster Irish language is the dialect spoken in the Gaeltacht regions of Donegal.

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These regions contain all of Ulster's communities where Irish has been spoken in an unbroken line back to when the language was the dominant language of Ireland.

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Ulster Irish language sounds quite different from the other two main dialects.

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The Irish language had always been the language of the bulk of the population.

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English authorities of the Cromwellian period, aware that Irish language was widely spoken in Dublin, arranged for its official use.

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Scribal activity in Irish language persisted in Dublin right through the 18th century.

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In Galway, a city dominated by Old English merchants and loyal to the Crown up to the Irish Confederate Wars, the use of the Irish language had already provoked the passing of an Act of Henry VIII (1536), ordaining as follows:.

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Much earlier, in 1819, James McQuige, a veteran Methodist lay preacher in Irish language, wrote: "In some of the largest southern towns, Cork, Kinsale and even the Protestant town of Bandon, provisions are sold in the markets, and cried in the streets, in Irish language".

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Urban Irish language has been the beneficiary, from the last decades of the 20th century, of a rapidly expanding system of, teaching entirely through Irish language.

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Irish language is neither verb nor satellite framed, and makes liberal use of deictic verbs.

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In Old and Middle Irish language, prepositions governed different cases depending on intended semantics; this has disappeared in Modern Irish language except in fossilised form.

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In Irish language, there are two classes of initial consonant mutations, which express grammatical relationship and meaning in verbs, nouns and adjectives:.

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